Armored car body SdKfz 231 was too heavy for the chassis of the truck, on which it was based. Nevertheless, in a good way it was very effective fighting machine.
Heavy armored car SdKfz 231 schwerer Panzerspahwagen SdKfz 231 wheel formula 6x4 was first presented at the test site in Kazan, created in the 1920s. At the center, the German designers four-wheel-drive chassis developed for the armored car, but it proved to be too expensive for further development, and the basis was zyato Chassis 6x4, developed based on the chassis of the truck Daimler-Benz. Subsequently also used chassis and engines Büssing-NAG trucks and Magirus, they sets the appropriate armored hull and turret. Furthermore, there were modifications to the secondary steering rear.
The first tests showed that require rework the front axle and the radiator machine. K1932, the armored car was perfected and launched in production, which lasted until 1935. Total for the Wehrmacht was released About 1000 of these machines. Armored with the wheel formula 6x4 were among the the first machines of this type in the German army, so, despite its shortcomings, they are allowed to purchase a lot of experience in the training of personnel and maintenance of equipment.
Armored corps were too heavy for the chassis of the truck, three-axle armored cars were small and low power-patency of rough terrain. On the roads, they can develop a relatively large speed and performed well during the invasion of Austria in 1938 and Czechoslovakia 1939. These machines were also involved in the fighting on Poland and France. Their memorable appearance had a major propaganda impact, so they often liked to take pictures-and cameramen.
Since 1940, these armored vehicles began to gradually withdraw from combat composition, its use in the next few years, mainly in educational and training purposes. The first three-axle armored cars were armed one 7.92-mm machine gun MG 34. The main modification is SdKfz 231, which was armed with motorized units of the German army, was armed 20-mm cannon KwK 30 later KwK 38 with an increased rate of fire and coaxial with her 7.92-mm machine gun MG 34. In addition, it was possible to install anti-aircraft machine gun on the turret roof. SdKfz 231 armored personnel carriers were used for direct fire support on the battlefield motorized infantry on trucks or half-track conveyors, as well as intelligence units tank units. On the basis of SdKfz 231 was created machine communication SdKfz 232 instrumentation distant radio and a large antenna on the tower and the rear part of the housing. It was similar to SdKfz 263, which also had large antenna, but the tower is not rotated and had only one gun. Such machines were used as a command and staff.
SdKfz 232 armored parade in Berlin before World War II. These Are machines were equipped with a large array of the tower, which remained fixed when the tower rotates.