- 152 mm Howitzer Cannon ML-20
the mid 30s 152-mm gun mod. 1910/34 years. Manufactured by the factory in Motovilikha, already rather outdated and required the development of new GAU artillery system similar caliber.
- 152mm howitzer fortress arr. 1909 1909
Journal Artillery Committee on March 9, 1909 reviewed the results of the tests at the end of 1908 - beginning of 1909 152-mm howitzers, heavy Krupp factory Rhine (Ehrhardt), Schneider, Skoda and Bofors.
- 152 mm siege gun mod. 1910
If the field artillery of the Russian army was superior to the fighting qualities of the First World War field artillery of the enemy, the Russian heavy artillery consisted mainly of obsolete models of the late XIX century.
- 152-mm gun Br-2
After the Civil War in the USSR there was only a small number of powerful large-caliber guns, for the most part already obsolete.
- 152-mm self-propelled gun ISU-152
Once at the end of 1943 came armed with heavy tank IS-1, based on it decided to create a fully-armored self-propelled. Initially, it met some difficulties: it IS-1 body had markedly narrower than the KV-1S, based on which in 1943 was created heavy self-propelled gun SU-152 with 152-mm howitzer-gun.
- 152-mm self-propelled gun SU-14-Br-2
idea of creating a self-propelled artillery chassis tanks was theoretically proved in England, but the first time she received a practical embodiment of the USSR. In the mid-30s in the Soviet Union built various types of self-propelled guns with powerful guns, but they all fell victim to political squabbles in the country.
- 152-mm self-propelled gun SU-152
autumn of 1942 at the Chelyabinsk Kirov Plant designers headed by LS Troyanov created on the basis of the heavy tank KB-1c self-propelled SU-152 (CV-14), designed for firing at troop concentrations, long-term and strong points armored vehicles.
- 155 mm Howitzer M1A2 (M114) 1941
In the interwar period the U.S. Army was 155-mm howitzer French. Possessing good ballistics, she had odnobrusny carriage and unsprung wheel turn. In order to improve the Americans guns equipped with a bed and sliding it was adapted for mechanized traction.
- 155-mm gun M1 (M1A1, M2, M59)
From a small combat experience gained in the U.S. Army during World War I, the U.S. War Department concluded that there was the need to be armed with analogue French 155-mm gun GPF. Ballistic Data its trunk is considered the best among similar tools belligerent countries, and therefore that the main part of the gun was borrowed unchanged American designers to create their own artillery system.
- 160-mm mortar MT-13 1943
For partial replacement divisional howitzers in 1940 GAC has announced a contest to create a cheaper 160-mm mortar, designed to destroy enemy fortifications on the short-range shooting.
- 182,9-mm howitzer B. L. 7,2-in
Between the two world wars, the rapid development of the Air Force led military leadership. UK to think about the uselessness of heavy artillery since its function could easily take on the aviation Therefore, the production of heavy guns was almost frozen, and with the beginning of World War II, England was in dire need of heavy artillery, forcing a hasty start production of such equipment.
- 194-mm gun GPF
Abbreviation GPF (Grand Puissance, Filloux) in French means a big gun power company Fillo. This instrument was developed by the French firm Colonel Fillo and represents one of the numerous examples of heavy guns created for the French army during the First World War.
- 200-mm rocket launcher type 4
During World War II, the Japanese army and navy acted so haphazardly that preferred to independently develop exactly the same types of weapons, but do not cooperate with each other.
- 203-mm howitzer D-April 1931
During the Winter War with Finland in 1940, Soviet troops were first used heavy artillery to break through heavily fortified enemy defenses. Mannerheim Line is a continuous series of reinforced concrete structures, which housed cannons and machine guns.
- 203mm howitzer B. L. 8-in Mk. VI 1916
After the First World War, United Kingdom, as well as Russia experienced an acute shortage of powerful siege weapons to assault heavily fortified strongholds.
- 203mm howitzer B. L. 8-in Mk. VII in 1916
Britain entered the First World War, having a very small number of heavy guns, so one of its main concerns was to establish the production of such equipment.
- 203 mm howitzer M1 (M115) 1940
United States entered the First World War under its curtain in 1917. American troops arrived in France, had heavy weapons in the form of eight-inch howitzers British Mk Mk VII and VIII, which were manufactured in America by the British orders.
- 210 mm howitzer 210/22 mod.35 1935
the eve of World War II in Italy, as well as Germany, the USSR, Britain, France and Czechoslovakia, decided to upgrade its fleet of heavy guns to retain the status of military power.
- 211-mm gun K-38
idea guns high power concentration in the main areas of ground forces offensive was launched in Russia in 1916 At the same time created the first artillery unit of special purpose, gave union team to break heavily fortified enemy defenses.
- 240 mm howitzer M1 1923
In 1918, the U.S. Army ordered 240-mm (9.45 inch) howitzer from a French arms company, but it turned out to be an instrument so bad that in the end it was decided to remove it from the production and develop new.
- 240-mm gun St. Chamond
This French instrument originally intended as coastal and siege. However, in late 1914, when the need for heavy artillery was extremely high, many of these guns were removed from the forts, and the company Saint-Chamond manufactured for them comfortable enough stationary carriage.
- 280-mm mortar arr. 1939 Br-May 1939
Barrel 280-mm mortars, Br-5 was developed under the guidance of plant Barricades Ivanova. Although mortar Br-5 has not been established, the plant launched its Barricades in gross production.
- 280-mm mortar St. Chamond
Originally French believed that the tank - it's just an armored tracked carrier for the gun, and therefore looking for an opportunity to manufacture as much as possible the heavy guns on crawlers.
- 300mm launcher machine M-30 1942
In May 1942, SKB Compressor Plant Design Group VA Rudnicki on the instructions of the General Directorate of arms Guards mortar units developed a special launcher frame type - starting the machine M-30 for 300-millimeter rockets M-30. For the basis of this very simple launcher were taken German propelling devices arr.
- 300 mm self-propelled mortar Sturmtiger 1944
To combat specific conditions in the city 18 linear tigers from August to December 1944 were converted into several peculiar assault propelled mortars 38cm RW61 auf Sturmmurser Tiger or simply Shturmtigrov (Sturmtiger). Designation under the control of arms has been assigned.
- 305-mm howitzer Br 18 1940
In 1937, the Soviet military delegation visited the factory firm Skoda in Czechoslovakia. The purpose of the visit was to acquire documentation and prototypes artillery systems of high power for their subsequent production in Soviet factories.
- 305-mm howitzer railway B. L. 12-in
During World War II, Britain has designed three variants of the 305-mm (12-inch) railway howitzers. In the first model (Mark 1) stood at 12 long gun calibers, but the army has demanded more long-range artillery systems, and as a result there was 17 Internal cylindrical model Mark 2, firing range which increased from 10 200 to 13 700 meters.
- 343-mm gun Q. F. 13,5-in
During World War I the British troops in France used four rail transporter with 356-mm (14-inch) guns. After the war, shot barrels of guns surrendered to the smelter, and transporters themselves preserved.
- 400-mm howitzer railway St. Chamond
first attempts to create rail guns to defend fortresses French launched in the early 1880s. In 1910, Schneider factory built for Peru 200-mm howitzer, hosted on a rotating pedestal railway platform.
- 406-mm coastal guns
designing new battleships, the U.S. Navy shortly after the First World War began, and the development of new 406-mm (16-inch) guns for them. Washington Conference in 1921, set a limit on the number of American battleships, put an end to those plans, and as a result of the sailors remained as an inheritance several 406-mm guns.
- 420-mm mortar Dicke Berta (Dicke Bertha) (1917)
Eager to please the owner of the largest German company Krupp Adolf factories which produced the most powerful artillery system in the world, Professor Raushenberger designer named his new 420-mm gun Fatty Bertha Krupp in honor of her granddaughter, who was born in 1913.
- 420-mm mortar Gamma (Gamma) 1917
420-mm mortar Gamma was created during the First World War to destroy a particularly strong enemy defenses on the western and eastern fronts. Her wait staff consisted of 250 people, and the assembly and installation of the guns taken place over four days.
- 600 mm self-propelled mortar Karl (Carl) 1940
propelled 600-mm mortar Karl developed by Rheinmetall-Borsig in 1940, was one of the heaviest artillery systems applied during the Second World War. She weighed about 126 tons, and its two-ton shells flew over a distance of 6 km. Total built six such instruments under the names Adam, Eve, Thor, Odin, Loki and Tsiu.
- 807 mm railway gun Dora / Gustav
Heaviest German railway gun, 807 mm designed by the firm of Krupp factories since 1937. Designed to crack the defensive Maginot Line, it is put into operation after France capitulated.
- 968-1016 years. REIGN Ethelred Indecision
1003-1013 gg. Conquest of England by the Danes. It was carried out by King Sven Vilo Beard using his son Knut. Indecisive Ethelred fled to Normandy. 1014-1016 gg. WAR BETWEEN Ethelred and whip.
- 984-1014 years. REIGN Sven IVILOBORODOGO
When it Denmark became one of the most powerful nations of Europe, winning is also almost the whole of England. British possessions, he bequeathed to his son one, Knut, and the Danish kingdom - another, Harald (reigned 1014-1018). After the death of Knut Harald moved and the Danish throne.
- 1002-1086 gg. Decline of Muslim Spain
. After the death of al-Mansur became caliph, his son, Abdul-Malik al-Muzaffar. However, his early death led to the dynastic strife and civil war. Caliphate collapsed (1031) on a number of independent principalities.
- 1009-1010 gg. Danish invasion
Malcolm II was defeated Sven I Forkbeard in Nairn (1009), but for some reason Sven retreated. When next summer Sven again invaded Scotland, Malcolm prevailed in a fierce battle at Mortlake (1010), forcing the Danes to retreat hastily ships.
- 1018 BATTLE AT CANNES
Byzantines defeated the Lombards and Normans, who tried to invade southern Italy. 1020 ANNEXATION OF ARMENIA. Was the result of conversion of the Armenians for protection from the Seljuk Turks.
- 1025 HIKE TO COAST Gujarati
main purpose of this military expedition, heading from Multan first through the desert, and then through self- Baths, bogs, salt marshes and dry forests up to the shores of the Arabian Sea, was the destruction of the phallic idol in the famous Hindu temple in Somnath.
- 1032-1035 gg. MARINE WAR WITH MUSULMANSKIMIPIRATAMI
In alliance with the Byzantine fleet Ragusa won a series of victories over the squadrons Muslim pirates in the Adriatic (1032), thus completing the work begun by the Venetians. Wee- Zantiysky fleet, which served mainly Scandinavian mercenaries under the command HaraldaHardrada otmusulmanskih pirates cleared almost all the Mediterranean and repeatedly attacked the North African their coastal bases.
- 1039-1056 gg. The reign of Henry III
He strengthened centralized power and expanded the territory of the empire. Several times he had to be in conflict with their vassals - Baldwin V of Flanders and Godfrey of Lorraine, in 1047 Henry III suppressed their most serious joint uprising.
- 1055-1057 gg. CIVIL WAR. VliyaniyuGarolda
challenged Elfgar, Earl Mer-sia and East Anglia. His ally in this, one's unique advantage is not to end the war, acted Griffith, King of North Wales. 1063 Invasion from North Wales. With the support of his brother Tostig, Earl of Northumbria, Harold defeated Griffith.
- 1056-1106 gg. The reign of Henry IV
(crowned 6 years old). Becoming an adult, Henry IV was forced to make considerable efforts to strengthen central power, considerably weakened over the years talentless regency.
- 1068-1071 gg. Italian Campaign
advantage of the Roman IVDiogen completely absorbed in the war with the Turks, Normans resumed attacks on Byzantine garrisons in southern Italy, captured Otranto (1068) and threatened Bari.
- 1077-1106 gg. CIVIL WAR IN GERMANY
rebelled against Henry, feudal lords chose his place of Rudolf of Swabia, the rebellion continued even after the defeat and death of Rudolph (1080). Eventually Henry defeated another rival, Herman Luxembourg (1086 - 1088 gg.). Uprising that flared, then damped until the end of the reign of Henry.
- 1081-1085 and 1090-1095 years. ITALIAN POHODYGENRIHA IV
He briefly captured Rome (1083), but Pope Gregory VII granted asylum Norman Prince Southern Italy Robert Gvis car that soon knocked Gene Riha of Rome (1084). 1093-1106 gg. MUTINY sons of Henry.
- 1082 BATTLE OF Durazzo (Dyrrachium OR)
. At the beginning of the battle the Normans were almost broken, but with the help of his son Robert Boemund sudden desperate cavalry attack managed to turn defeat into victory, routed the famous Varangian Guard Emperor Alexius.
- 1083-1084 gg. The liberation of Rome
While Henry IV besieged Gregory VII in the Roman Castle of San Angelo, Robert gained an army of Normans, Lombards and Muslims and moved north. Do not take the risk of a serious battle, Henry IV retreated to northern Italy (May 1084). Following this, the Norman soldiers sacked Rome, and then the local population rebelled against the liberators, and urged them against the pope.
- 1096-1097 gg. HARVEST FORCES Crusaders
Various armies moved to the appointed gathering place - Constantinople - the four main streams. Godfrey and Baldwin with his troops and other German armies followed the valley of the Danube in Hungary, Serbia and Bulgaria, and then through the Balkans, along the way occurred clashes with local forces.
- 1097-1102 gg. FIRST CRUSADE
1102-1144 gg. FIGHT FOR MULTILATERAL Mesopotamia. Northwest region adjacent to Edessa (or otherwise Bambike or Hierapolis; sovr. Membidzh city in Syria), the Crusaders controlled (to 1144). Enjoyed the greatest influence Ridwan and his heirs, but they competed koniyskie Seljuks and several Muslim sultanates and emirates.
- 1098-1102 gg. FIRST CRUSADE
With the Crusaders conquered the Turks Alexei almost half of Anatolia. 1098-1108 gg. Resumption of war with the Normans. The reason for this was the refusal to return the Byzantine Empire Boemund Antioch - despite the promise of the Crusaders.
- 1101 - 1102 gg. Defeated the Crusaders VANATOLII
through Anatolia moved three parts troops crusaders headed respectively by William of Poitiers and Toulouse Raimund-sky, Etienne de Blois and Hugh of Vermandois.
- 1102-1103 gg. DANISH CRUSADE
King of Denmark Eirik Good I came through Russia to Constantinople and crossed the sea to Cyprus, where he died. Then a small detachment commanders claimed his wife Batilda and continued its way to Jaffa.
- 1138-1200 gg. Period of decline
Albert Bear, Margrave of Brandenburg, and Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, is slowly but surely pushing out the Poles to the east beyond the Vistula, and the Danes, under King Valdemar I the Great and Bishop Absalon Warriors seized the Baltic coast.
- 1147-1149 gg. SECOND CRUSADE
1147-1158 gg. WAR WITH PO Jerome Sicilian. Norman fleet occupied the island of Corfu (Kerkyra sovr.) and began to ravage the Greek coast.
- 1147-1160 gg. Conquest of Almohad
Egypt and Cyrenaica . Northeastern Africa almost all this period Fatimid caliphs ruled, although in the XII century the real power belonged usually local viziers.
- 1152-1190 gg. The reign of Frederick IBARBAROSSY
He appeared most prominent ruler of the dynasty Gauguin-Staufer. During the war breaks out occasionally with Henry the Lion Frederick I eventually defeated and deposed Duke vel-graphs (1182). In between the Italian campaign, he pro- Conducted several successful campaigns in Poland, Bohemia and Hungary (1156 -1173 years.
- 1154-1166 gg. The reign of William IZLOGO, KING SICILY
his fleet was defeated by the Byzantine and Palaeologi army invaded Apulia (1155). In a land battle at Brindisi (1156) Roger II, koronuemy Christ. Byzantine mosaic in the middle of the XII.
Telem province of Poitou and Guyenne and Gascogne areas, that is the largest landowner in France, but at the same time laid the foundations for the future of the Hundred Years War. From time to time Henry II fought with his suzerain Louis VII the Younger (who ruled in 1157-1180 gg.). Several times he invaded Wales (1158 - 1165 gg.) And eventually subdued him to the English crown.