Comnenus. As regent for the child crowned Emperor Alexios II, this brilliant, but brutal warlord deposed and executed shortly infant ba-zilevsa. His strong rule angered the aristocracy, and was called to the aid of William of Sicily (1184). He immediately invaded and conquered Greece Thessaloniki, whereupon a riot broke out in Constantinople, Andronicus was deposed and brutally murdered. Comneni dynasty became extinct. At Constantinople, the new emperor ascended the throne - Isaac II Angel.
1180-1196 gg. Independence of Serbia. Successful rebellion led by Stefan Nemanja.
1189-1195 gg. FIRST REIGN OF ISAAC ANGEL II.
Isaac Wilhelm II defeated at the Battle of Sicily on the river Struma and Byzantine military commander and naval Alexei Branagh won a decisive victory in the naval battle of the Greek coast near Demetritsy (1185). In the end, the Normans lost their conquests (1191). Meanwhile successfully rebelled Bulgarians led by John and Peter Asen (1186-1187 gg.) And began periodically raiding Thrace. When they broke Berroe Isaac II (1189) and, despite the victory of the Byzantines at Arkadiopole (near Adrianople, 1194), retained their conquest.
1186-1195 gg. Internal strife. Central authority weakened as Isaac II was forced to defend his throne against all kinds of abuse (first invaded Branagh, whom the emperor in 1186 defeated and killed at Constantinople). Eventually Isaac was deposed, blinded and imprisoned by his brother Alex.
1195-1203 gg. ANGEL III reign of Alexei. Empire began to disintegrate; Turks without encountering no resistance, hosted in Anatolia and Bulgarians ravaged European provinces.
Middle East (Syria, Arabia, Mesopotamia, Anatolia) 1000-1200 gg
In the Middle East, had not subsided, seething real bloody mess. Small Muslim states almost continuously at war with each other. Out of this chaos is possible to isolate three major-
new historical trends. First, conquering most of the Middle East by the Seljuk Turks in the second half of XI century. Secondly, the Crusades that the fundamental way to influence events in the region throughout the XII century. Third, the temporary association under the leadership of Nur al-Din and his illustrious successor, Salah al-Din (Sala-din), Middle Eastern Arabs, Egyptians and Muslim Turks - as a reaction to the Crusades.
1000-1098 gg. CHAOS IN Mesopotamia and Syria. Among
sets of fighters for power and influence in these countries were the Byzantines who controlled the north and north-east (to their regional center in 1087 is an anti-Ohia), Baghdad Buyid dynasty (before 1055), and the Fatimids, the capital of which Damascus was (until 1079).
1043-1055 gg. CONQUEST
MESOPOTOMIA Seljuks. Capture Baghdad Tughril Beck (about 993-1063 years.) Put an end to the dynasty Buyid and marked the establishment of the Seljuk state.
1055-1060 gg. REBELLION in Mesopotamia. Led the revolt of al-Basasiri - Turkish commander, previously served Bouida, and now supported by the Fatimids. While Tughril Beck pacified mutiny in his army, al-Basasiri temporarily occupied Baghdad (1058), but was soon broken.
1063-1092 gg. CONQUEST OF SYRIA and Anatolia Seljuk.
1092-1098 gg. DECAY Seljuk empire. Taking advantage of the civil war for the throne in the heart of the Seljuk empire, Kilidzh Arslan, son of Suleiman ibn Kutalmisha regained possession of his father in Anatolia - Iconium (or otherwise Koniysky or Rumiys cue) sultanate with its capital in Ico-Research Institute (now the city Konya in Turkey). Turkish atabeg (general or
Prince) Danishmend founded in Sebastia (now Sivas in Turkey) competing mode. In Syria and northern Mesopotamia rules Emir Ridwan of Aleppo, son Tutushev.