15ZH65 intercontinental ballistic missile Topol-M (RS-12M2)




    management system:

    management software








    11000 km.

    year development:


    intercontinental ballistic missile Topol-M 15zh65 (RS-12M2)

    In late 1993, Russia announced the development of new Russian missiles, designed to become the basis of a promising group of the Strategic Missile Forces. Development of missiles 15ZH65 (RS-12M2), dubbed the "Topol-M", being Russian cooperation among enterprises and design bureaus. The head developer of the missile system is the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology.

    Rocket "Topol-M" is created as a modernization of the SS-12M. Terms of modernization defined START-1 Treaty, according to which the new missile is considered different from the existing (analogue) on one of the following:

    the number of stages;

    fuel type any of the stages;

    launch mass of more than 10%;

    length without either assembled missile warhead, or along the length of the first stage more than 10%;

    diameter first stage of more than 5%;

    throw-weight more than 21% in combination with a change in length of the first stage by 5% or more.

    Thus, mass-dimensional characteristics and some model features ICBM "Topol-M" severely restricted.


    state flight tests missile complex "Topol-M" was held at HEC-1 MO. In December 1994, the first launch of the silo. April 28, 2000. The State Commission approved the adoption of the act on the Strategic Missile Forces Russian intercontinental ballistic missile "Topol-M".


    parts - the regiment Tatishevo (Saratov region) (November 12, 1998) / h in the Altai (c. Siberian village, Pervomajskij area Ataysky Edge). The first two missiles "Topol-M" / RS-12M2 / were placed on experimental combat duty in Tatishevo in December 1997 after four test launches, and December 30, 1998 the first regiment of 10 missiles of this type of atonement for combat duty.

    manufacturer missile "Topol-M" is a GP "Votkinsk Machine Building Plant". Nuclear warhead created under the direction of George Dmitriev's "Arzamas-16".

    missile RS-12M2 "Topol-M" unified with promising missiles R-30 "Bulava", created to arm nuclear submarines of Project 955 strategic.

    the west range was designated SS-X-27 .


    intercontinental ballistic missile Topol-M 15zh65 (RS-12M2)

    Rocket 15ZH65 operated in stationary (15P065) and mobile (15P165) combat missile systems (DBK). In the stationary version used silos (silos) missiles removed from service and disposed of in accordance with the START-2 Treaty. Inpatient group created by the conversion of ICBM silos 15P735 middle class 15A35 (development OKB "Vympel") and ICBM silos 15P718 heavy class 15A18M (development LACA).

    Battle stationary mine missile 15P065 includes 10 missiles 15ZH65 in silos 15P765-35 and one unified command post type 15V222 high security (placed on suspension in the mine with the help of a special depreciation). Application of "mortar start", greatly improving the stability of MSE-15P765 35 to PFYAV by removing elements launcher 15P735 required to launch missiles gasdynamic 15A35, applying advanced suspension system and filling volume of released heavy reinforced concrete special stamps. Work for the conversion of silo launchers 15P735 to contain missile "Topol-M" were conducted Experimental Design Bureau "Vympel", led by Dimitri Dragoon.

    In accordance with START-2 treaty allowed refitting 90 missile silos 15P718 15A18 under rocket 15ZH65, with guarantees can not be installed in such a refitted PU heavy ICBMs. Finalization of these silos includes fill 5m layer of concrete on the bottom of the mine, as well as the installation of a special guard ring at the top of the launcher. Internal dimensions of the mine heavy rocket to accommodate redundant missile "Topol-M", even with the bottom of the PU pouring concrete. Rocket mass "Topol-M", its outer diameter and length is less than the geometric dimensions of the mass-missile 15A18M respectively about 5, 1.5 and 1.5. To save and apply when retrofitting heavy aggregates and systems silos, has required a number of comprehensive studies loading scheme at YaV silos and launch, the service system, the effects on gas dynamics start of a large internal free volume mines, guard ring and the massive roof and large, download issues TPK with a missile in PU etc.

    Resursosberegajushchaja technology when creating serial PU 15P765-18 provides for the preservation of the protective roof, barbet, drum shaft sinking to the bottom of on-site and reuse most of the equipment PU 15P718 - drive protective roof depreciation system, elevators, and other equipment - after dismantling them, send manufacturers, factories of PBP with tests on the stands. The problem of realizing resource-saving technology is closely linked to the establishment of new warranty terms for reusable equipment, including the mine shaft. Deployment of missiles "Topol-M" in modified so existing silos can significantly reduce the cost of developing and deploying complex. Successful flight tests allowed the State Commission recommending acceptance into service as part of the complex missile silo converted from heavy missiles and silos in the summer of 2000 a set of presidential decree was adopted by.

    missile systems (DBK) 15P065 with a solid propellant ICBMs 15ZH65 easy class, having improved resistance to PFYAV provides launch without delay normalization of the external environment with multiple nuclear impact on neighboring objects DBK and blocking position area of high-altitude nuclear explosions, and also with a minimum of delay and unaffected nuclear impact directly on the launcher. Resilience PU and mine command post to PFYAV significantly increased, it is possible to start from the regime of constant readiness for one of the planned target indications, as well as operational and retargeting start on any unplanned target designation, passed from senior management. Increased likelihood of bringing teams to start to KP and silos. In the process of alerting 15ZH65 rocket is in the metallic transport launch canister. TPK unified for both types of silos.

    Freight erector set (see photo), created in KB "Motor", combines the functions of the installer and freight-handling machine.


    on our website: Loading the mine ICBM missile system RT-2PM2 "Topol-M»

    intercontinental ballistic missile Topol-M 15zh65 (RS-12M2)

    ICBM "Topol-M" mobile home deployed as part of DBK 15P165. Rocket 15ZH65 mobile home located in high fiberglass TPK on eight-chassis MZKT-79221 (MAZ-7922) high cross and onstruktivno practically no different from mine option. Weight launcher - 120 tons, length - 22 meters, width - 3.4 meters. Six of the eight pairs of wheels are turning, turning radius that provides 18 meters. Ground pressure setting two times less than conventional truck. PU Engine - V-shaped 12-cylinder, turbocharged diesel JAMZ-847 moschnoctyu 800l. c. Fording depth to 1.1m. When creating systems and assemblies DBK 15P165 "Topol-M" is used a number of innovative technical solutions in comparison with the complex "Topol". Thus, a system of incomplete hanging allowing deployment of PU "Topol-M" even on soft ground. Improved throughput and flexibility installation, which increases its survivability. "Topol-M" is able to produce triggers from any position area, and also has improved as a means of concealment against optical and other reconnaissance assets (including by reducing the infrared components unmasking field complex, and the use of special coatings that reduce radar signature).

    rocket boosters 15ZH65 has three stages plus the breeding stage warheads. All stages - solid. Marching stages have tselnomotanny body type "cocoon" of the composite material. Unlike its predecessor, "Topol" in 15ZH65 no lattice stabilizers and rudders. Flight control at the site of the first stage osschestvlyaetsya central turning partially recessed nozzle based on the elastic hinge. The length of the first stage - 8.04m diameter - 1.86m, weight fully kitted first stage - 28.6t first stage solid propellant rocket thrust at sea level - 890000kN. The second and third stages are equipped with central swivel nozzle partially recessed nozzle head with a folding. Nozzle blocks at all levels are made of carbon-carbon material nozzle inserts - based trehmernoarmirovannoy oriented carbon-carbon matrix. The diameter of the second stage - 1.61m, third - 1.58m.

    control system - based on inertial gyro-stabilized platform and ODCC. Complex high command gyroscopic instruments has improved accuracy characteristics, new ODCC has increased productivity and resistance to PFYAV, aiming provided by implementing autonomous azimuth control element mounted on a gyro-stabilized platform, using ground-based command devices placed on the WPK. Provided on high alert, accuracy and continuous operation of onboard equipment.

    High performance rocket 15ZH65 to ensure a high level of resistance to the effects of a nuclear explosion has been achieved by applying a set of measures, the well-proven to create more ICBM R-36M2 (15A18M), RT-23UTTH (15ZH60) and RT-2PM ( 15ZH58):

    Use protective coating of the new development, applied to the outer surface of the rocket body and provides comprehensive protection against PFYAV;

    application management system, developed on the basis of the element with high resistance and reliability;

    application to the instrument compartment sealed enclosure, which housed the equipment SU, special coatings with a high content of rare earth elements;

    application screening and special methods of stacking onboard cabling missiles;

    introduction of a special software missile maneuver when passing clouds ground nuclear explosions and stuff.

    were taken successful measures to reduce the duration and reduce the height of the end point of the active portion of the trajectory of the missile. IDB also had the opportunity to maneuver limited by the boost phase, which can significantly reduce the likelihood of its defeat in the most vulnerable, the primary, part of the flight. According to the developers, the active part of the flight (start, sustainer stages of plot, plot breeding warheads) ICBM "Topol-M" is reduced in comparison with liquid ICBM, for which it is about 10 minutes, "3-4 times" .

    warhead type: detachable thermonuclear close coupled with high-speed, high-level resistance to PFYAV, combat unit. In the future, can be equipped with missiles maneuvering warhead warhead or split with the number of warheads from 3 to 6 (BB prospective capacity of 150 kt for MIRV unified with BB for the complex D-19M with RSM-30 "Bulava"). The first test launch of a mobile version of ICBM "Topol-M", equipped with MIRV warheads of individual guidance (the official name of the new missile - RS-24), held May 29, 2007 from the cosmodrome "Plesetsk".

    Note that warhead ICBMs created with maximum use developments and technologies obtained when creating warhead ICBMs for "Topol", reducing development time and reduce cost. Despite this unification, the new warhead is much more resistant to the action of PFYAV and weapons based on new physical principles, rather than its predecessor, has a lower specific gravity, has improved security arrangements during storage, transportation and staying on alert. New CU has increased, compared to its predecessor, the efficiency of use of fissile materials and is historically the first Soviet ICBM warhead for which creation took place without testing of parts and assemblies in the full-scale nuclear explosions.

    Rocket 15ZH65 supplied a new set of funds breakthrough missile (ABM PCB). IRT PRO consists of passive and active decoys (LC) and distortion characteristics means the head. LC indistinguishable from combat units in all regions of the electromagnetic radiation (optical, laser, infrared, radar), allow to simulate the characteristics of warheads virtually all featured on a selecting exoatmospheric, transition and much of the atmospheric portion of the descending branch trajectory missile warheads, are resistant to effects of a nuclear explosion and radiation superpower nuclear-pumped lasers, etc. First LC designed that can withstand the radar with superresolution. Means distortion characteristics of the head consist of radar absorbing (combined with heat) cover MS, generators jammer, aerosol sources of infrared radiation, etc. IRT PRO is designed to significantly increase the time required prospective potential enemy missile warhead to detect a plurality of decoys and noise, thus significantly reducing the chance of interception warhead. According to some sources, the mass of PCB ICBM missile "Topol-M" exceeds that of the U.S. ICBM missile PCB LGM-118A "Peacekeeper". In the future, when equipped with maneuvering warhead missiles (or reentry warhead with independently targetable warheads), the possibility of potential enemy missile interception MS will, according to Russian experts, reduced to almost zero.


    RK "Topol-M" can significantly improve the readiness of Strategic Missile Forces to fulfill combat tasks in any environment, to ensure maneuverability, stealth action and vitality parts, units and individual launchers, as well as the reliability of control and autonomous operation for a long time (without replenishment of stocks). Almost twice increased aiming accuracy and a half times increased accuracy of survey data, twice reduced launch preparation time.


    parts RVSN conducted using the existing infrastructure. Mobile and stationary versions are fully compatible with the existing system of command and control. Warranty period ICBM 15ZH65 - 15 years (on a number of data - 20 years).


    Maximum range, km


    Number of steps


    Starting weight, t

    47.1 (47.2)

    Throw-weight, t


    The length of the missile without warhead, m

    17.5 (17.9)

    Missile length


    Maximum body diameter, m


    Type warhead

    close coupled nuclear

    Equivalent warhead mt


    Circular error probable, m


    TPK diameter (without protruding parts), m

    1.95 (for 15P165 - 2.05)

    MZKT-79221 (MAZ-7922)

    Kolecnaya fopmula


    Radiuc povopota, m


    Dopozhny ppocvet mm


    Massif in cnapyazhennom coctoyanii (without warheads), t


    Gpuzopodemnoct t


    Maximum skopoct km / h


    Zapac xoda km


    tests and operation

    intercontinental ballistic missile Topol-M 15zh65 (RS-12M2)

    February 9, 2000. at 15:59 MSK combat crew Strategic Rocket Forces of the Russian Federation (RVSN) 1st state test spaceport "Plesetsk" was successfully test-fired an intercontinental ballistic missile "Topol-M". ICBM "Topol-M" (RS-12M2) performed in combat field Kura in Kamchatka. The missile hit training target in a given area.

    September 20, 2000. first launch missiles RS-12M2 from a mobile launcher.

    April 20, 2004. 21:30 MSK joint crews SRF and the Russian Space Forces from the Plesetsk cosmodrome done another test launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) "Topol-M" with a self-propelled launcher according to plan in the interests of flight tests SRF. It was the first in the last 15 years starting in the area of the waters of the Hawaiian Islands a range of over 11,000 kilometers.

    December 24, 2004. carried out a successful test launch of "Topol-M" from a mobile launcher. Commissioning was completed at 12:39 MSK from Plesetsk District. Head of the rocket reached the designated target on the Kura test site in Kamchatka at 13:03 MSK. Produced start the fourth and final missile launch mobile version of the Topol-M complex, carried out in the framework of complex tests.

    November 1, 2005. from the landfill, "Kapustin Yar" in Astrakhan was conducted a successful test launch of the RS-12M1 "Topol-M" with a maneuvering warhead. This launch was the sixth in the framework of the test system created to overcome the U.S. missile defense system. Commissioning was located in Kazakhstan on the tenth test sites Balkhash (Priosersk).


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