After the First World War, United Kingdom, as well as Russia experienced an acute shortage of powerful siege weapons to assault heavily fortified strongholds. Therefore, in 1916 the firm Vickers factories began mass production quickly developed a heavy 203-mm howitzer Mk VI. Instrument proved to be quite successful at that time and was accepted into service not only in the British Army, but also in the armies of the United States and Russia. After the Civil War as part of artillery units of the Red Army had about 60 howitzers mark VI, who continued in the service until the early 40s. Efforts were even attempts to modernize these guns.
British howitzer Vickers Mk VI is a typical anti-tank weapon of World War II. Odnobrusny carriage opener with limited angle of the horizontal fire up to 8 °. At the battle to the opener needed to dig the groove. Lower machine gun carriage had unsprung move with metal wheels, causing the transport speed gun was small. Machine located on the upper cradle with hydraulic brakes and hydropneumatic recuperator rollback, lifting sector and rotary screw mechanisms, trunk, consisting of an inner tube and the breech housing, as well as sights. Transported howitzer mechanical traction with the tractor.
In the ammunition separate loading guns were steel explosive shells made in England, weighing about 91 kg. They were filled with 8 kg ammotola. Over time, howitzers in service with the Red Army began to use explosive shells with 9 kg of TNT and domestic fuses. Standard charge guns supplemented by three add-ons.
Tactical and technical data 203-mm howitzer Vickers Mk VI
Caliber, mm: 203
Weight in firing position, kg: 8192
Angle GBV hail 8
HV Angle, degrees: 0, 50
Muzzle velocity, m / s: 396
Rate of fire, rds / min: 2
Max. range, m: 9600
Shell weight, kg: 90,7
Producer country England
Number of published copies