idea guns high power concentration in the main areas of ground forces offensive was launched in Russia in 1916 At the same time created the first artillery unit of special purpose, gave union team to break heavily fortified enemy defenses. Before the outbreak of the Second World War, all these artillery units joined the Reserve Command and artillery were called RGC.
In September 1939, the High Command of the Wehrmacht reserve included 75 battalions of artillery, 12 batteries rail guns, 19 anti-tank artillery battalions and separate units monitoring and adjusting artillery fire. 767 th and 768 th Divisions RGCs were equipped 211-mm guns K-38, designed to suppress critical facilities in the rear of the enemy's defense and destroy the heavily fortified structures on the front line. In addition, individual batteries of these guns defended the Norwegian coast and the island of Crete.
Cannon K-38 was developed by engineers at the company Krupp and mass produced until 1942. It was created by applying 211 - 55.5 mm caliber barrel length for improved carriage 211-mm mortar sample in 1918. Gun carriage and barrel transported separately using special tractors in combat position gun had sector horizontal fire 360 °, the maximum elevation angle barrel was 50 °. The structure consisted of shots of ammunition separate loading sleeves, which include high-explosive shells and concrete-weight of about 120 kg.
K-38 guns used by German troops during the Second World War, because as pretty little weight for its caliber they can be easily re-roll on the appropriate sections of the front. A large range and the ravages of the projectile had a significant impact on the morale of the enemy.