600 mm self-propelled mortar Karl (Carl) 1940


    600 mm self-propelled mortar karl (karl) 1940

    propelled 600-mm mortar Karl developed by Rheinmetall-Borsig in 1940, was one of the heaviest artillery systems applied during the Second World War. She weighed about 126 tons, and its two-ton shells flew over a distance of 6 km. Total built six such instruments under the names Adam, Eve, Thor, Odin, Loki and Tsiu. All of them had the track and the engine, but on their own could crawl at walking pace only a few kilometers. Therefore, they are usually transported by rail between two special platforms or unassembled trailer using tractors. For shuttle huge shells and loading conveyors used based on tanks Pz IV.

    Mortar Karl was equipped with a 12-cylinder engine rated at 750 hp. s. and hydromechanical transmission. Aiming guns made turning and lifting mechanisms with manual transmission. Elevation mortar barrel was 70 °, while the horizontal fire sector - 4 °. Ammunition Ammo six shots included explosive projectiles weighing 1700 kg and 2170 kg concrete-weight. Before shooting machine with a special device head fell to the ground, because the suspension does not withstand heavy loads during the rollback of the barrel. Serviced mortar crew of 12-18 soldiers and officers.

    Baptism of Charles took place in 1941, when two guns of this type opened fire on the defenders of the Brest Fortress. Then such installations fired Lions and later Sevastopol. Rockets fired at the town, destroying entire neighborhoods. Charles career ended sadly damaged Thor in 1944 was blown own calculation, and One Tsiu were seized by Soviet troops, and other settings fall into the hands of Americans.

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Combat weight, t 126
Barrel length, cal 8,44
Muzzle velocity, m / s 220 (betonoboynymi), 283 (high explosive)
Rate one shot in 10 minutes
Max. range, m 4500 (concrete-shell), 6700 (explosive)
power plant
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Option Type Model No. Power l. with.
1 K 1 750
Option Type Caliber, mm Model No. Ammunition / 1
Mortar 600 - mm 1
Country of Origin Germany
a developer
Year of adopting 1940


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