.

667BDRM Dolphin Submarine

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    Country

    Russia

    type

    Missile Submarine

    feature

    submarine

    General characteristics

    Length (m):

    167

    Width (m):

    11,7

    Displacement (tons):

    18200

    Speed (knots):

    23

    Immersion depth (m):

    650

    Draft (m):

    8,8

    nuclear reactor:

    2 VM-4SG

    Crew:

    130

    Vooruzhenie

    torpedo tubes:

    4 533 mm

    Ballistic missiles:

    16 RSM-54

    submarine 667BDRM dolphin

    last ship "667 families" as well as the last Soviet SSBNs 2nd generation (actually "smoothly converted" in the third generation) became missile submarine strategic project "667BDRM Dolphin", as well as its predecessors created CDB ME "Rubin" under the leadership of General Designer, academician SN Kovalev. Government Decree on the development of new nuclear submarines came September 10, 1975 The draft, which is a further development of the design of Soviet missile submarines previous projects were put recent developments in the field of missiles and torpedoes, fire control systems, electronic weapons, and the means to improve hydroacoustic stealth. In 1970 - 1975 years. in the leading scientific centers of the country was carried out large research and development work to improve the stealth submarines. Conducted testing of advanced circuits depreciation cushioning and damping means, isolators, and noise-absorbing coatings nerezoniruyuschih. Conducted the study of patterns of noise emissions hull structures, support and non-reference links, propulsion, etc. The results of these studies have been widely used when creating a new missile submarine, designed to complement the more expensive (and therefore less massive) SSBN 941 . The main weapon of the ship was supposed to be a new missile complex D-9RM 16 intercontinental missiles liquid PCM-54 have increased range, accuracy and range divorce warheads.

    submarine 667BDRM dolphin

    Construction of a new ship is a further development of boats 667-th family. Because of the increased size of missiles and the need to introduce new structural solutions to reduce the sonar signature, on the boat again had to increase the height of fencing missile silos. Was increased as the length of the bow and aft ends of the ship, and increased the diameter of the pressure hull, the contours of the outer hull in the area of 1-3 compartments were several "pripolneny." The design of the pressure hull, and end bulkheads and mezhotsechnyh boats used steel, obtained by electroslag remelting and having higher rates of plasticity.

    When creating

    submarine measures were taken to significantly reduce its noise and reduce interference with the on-board sonar equipment. Widely applied principle of unitization of machinery and equipment, which is placed on the frame, amortized relatively strong body. In the area of energy compartments installed local absorbers, increased efficiency of acoustic coatings lightweight and rugged. As a result, the characteristics of sonar signature icebreaker approached the level of U.S. SSBN third generation Ohio.

    submarine 667BDRM dolphin

    "667BDRM Dolphin" has a low-noise five-bladed propellers with improved hydroacoustic characteristics. Screws to ensure the most favorable mode to set a special lightweight body hydrodynamic device, aligning the incoming flow of water.

    The project "667BDRM Dolphin" implemented measures to further improve the conditions of habitability. The crew has at its disposal a solarium, sauna, gym, etc. Improved electrochemical regeneration air by electrolysis of water and carbon dioxide absorption regenerating solid absorber reliably provide oxygen concentration. within 25%, and carbon dioxide does not exceed 0.8%. For centralized management of all types of military operations boat is equipped with a combat information and control system "Omnibus BRDM", collect and process information, problem solving tactical maneuvering and combat use of torpedo and missile-torpedo weapons,

    submarine 667BDRM dolphin

    On

    SSBN installed a new sonar system "SKAT bdrm" with characteristics not inferior American counterparts. It has a large-sized antenna with a diameter of 8.1 m and a height of 4.5 m for the first time in the practice of domestic shipbuilding on the project "667BDRM Dolphin" applied glass plastic radome having bezrebernaya design (it has reduced the sonar interference affecting the antenna device of the complex) . There towed sonar antenna, in the inoperative position retractable into the body.

    Navigation system "Gateway" provides the necessary precision missile applications. Refinement through celestial space ship made with podvsplytiem to periscope depth to once every two days.

    Currently SSBN "667BDRM Dolphin" are the backbone of the naval component of Russia's strategic nuclear triad. All of them are part of the 3rd Flotilla strategic submarines of the Northern Fleet and are based in the Bay Yagelnaya. To organize individual boats are available and special base-cover, which represent well-protected underground facilities designed for parking, as well as providing repair and reloading nuclear fuel reactors.

    Submarines project "667BDRM Dolphin" became one of the first Russian nuclear-powered ships, almost completely invulnerable in their areas of combat duty. Performing patrols in the Arctic seas, directly adjacent to the Russian coast (including under ice), they are even under the most favorable for the enemy hydrological conditions (no wind, which is observed in the Barents Sea in only 8% "natural phenomenon") can be found the latest American nuclear attack submarines type Los Angeles at distances less than 30 km. However, under conditions typical for the remaining 92% of the year, in the presence of wave and wind speeds of over 10 - 15 m / s, "667BDRM Dolphin" opponent does not show up or can be fixed sonar type SBI-5 at distances less than 10 km, when further pursuit scuba causes increased risk of collision boats and equally dangerous for "hunter", and for "game." Moreover, in the northern polar seas there are extensive shallow areas, where even in complete calm detection range boat project "667BDRM Dolphin" is reduced to less than 10 km (ie, there is almost absolute survival missile submarines). It should be borne in mind the fact that the Russian missile submarines are on combat duty actually in inland waters of the country, is good enough (even in the current environment) covered with anti-submarine fleet means that further reduces the real effectiveness of NATO Boat "killers". < / p>

    submarine 667BDRM dolphin

    assumed equipment parts RSM-54-piece heavy-duty high-explosive fragmentation warhead with a mass of explosives more than 2,000 kg. Such missiles could be used in non-nuclear conflict for precision strikes critical stationary targets. Also, can be equipped with Russian SSBN missiles carrying nuclear warheads radically new ultra-low caliber (with a TNT equivalent of 5 to 50 tons). With the threat of armed aggression against Russia and its inability to prevent the political, diplomatic and military means of general purpose, such weapons are highly accurate, guaranteed to be able to destroy a single building or district, where there are goals such as headquarters, government offices, centers, developing and producing certain. weapons systems, etc. In this case, civilians and non-military facilities nearby will not suffer or will suffer slightly. Thus, submarines project "667BDRM Dolphin" capable, if necessary, develop a highly specialized means of "nuclear deterrence" in the multi-purpose combat system designed to solve problems in different categories of armed conflict and degrees of intensity.

    submarine 667BDRM dolphin

    K-51 XXVI Congress KPSS1985

    K-84 Ekaterinburg1985

    K-64 1986

    K-114 1987

    K-117 1988

    K-18 1989

    K-407 Novomoskovsk1991

    1991. - The protagonist operations Hippo.

    In 1993 submarine collided with a U.S. nuclear submarine SSN-646 "Grayling". Fortunately the incident did without casualties. Russian boat was damaged and the outer hull was repaired. In the repair and had an American submarine.

    In 1998

    "Novomoskovsk" the world's first warship, which was launched on board the rocket "Calm", who brought into orbit two German artificial Earth satellite - Tubsat-N and Tubsat-N1. Start with the media was carried out of the water.





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