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Air Defence Missile System PAAMS

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    Basing

    :

    surface ships

    management system:

    Radar GOS

    Warhead:

    high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary

    Application:

    Antiaircraft

    Country:

    UK, Germany, France, Italy

    Range:

    100 km.

    year development:

    2005

    air defense missile system paams Complex PAAMS (Principal Anti-Air Missile System) is one of a family of anti-aircraft complexes, created as a result of the European program FSAF (Forward Surface to Air Family of missile systems). All systems are created in this program are based on the general principles imply: a modular layout with wide unification elements belonging to different systems, the possibility of gradual modernization of systems throughout the life cycle, minimal maintenance during operation. Head developer complexes FSAF family is a European consortium EUROSAM, formed in June 1989 firms "Aerospatiale", "Alenia" and "Thompson-CSF".

    first ship set of this family was the complex SAAM (EUROSAM NAVAL System) with a short-range missile "Aster-15", designed to equip the ships of the French Navy (SAAM-FR) and Italy (SAAM-IT). Sustainable Integrated Test SAM SAAM-FR was completed in October 2001., SAAM-IT - in December 2002. Complex SAAM is installed on French aircraft carrier "Charles de Gaulle" ("Charles de Gaulle"), Italian frigate "Carabiniere" and French "Ile d'Oleron". SAM SAAM-FR with SAM "Aster-15" was adopted by the aircraft carrier "Charles de Gaulle" in December 2001. In May 1997, signed the first export contract for the installation of SAM SAAM on Saudi Navy frigate project F-3000S. Tests of these frigates were successfully completed In 2004.

    SAM PAAMS designed to provide air defense of individual ships and connections at distances up to 100 km and can be equipped with missiles as "Aster-15" and "Aster-30" with extended range. Missiles designed as universal Object (land and sea options) and according to the affected targets (aerodynamic aeroballistic well run and ballistic). Land range was designated SAMP-T. RAAMS functional complex under intense enemy use of different types of noise, fights with aerodynamic purposes of all types, as well as destroys the anti-ship missiles flying at low altitudes or dive to the ship at high angles of attack.

    Development SAM PAAMS allocated in a separate program, where the head contractor is a European consortium EUROPAAMS, formed by a consortium of Italian companies and EUROSAM "Alenia Marconi Systems" and UKAMS (now a branch of Matra BAe Dynamics, UK).

    SAM PAAMS set on the French and Italian frigates "Horizon", in the embodiment PAAMS (S) on the British destroyers type T45.

    September 22, 2000 EUROPAAMS consortium received the first production contract for three sets of air defense missile systems and 200 missiles PAAMS "Aster 15" and "Aster 30" to them, which were planned to be installed on the leading ships new projects: British destroyer "Daring" pr.45, Italian frigate "Bergamini" and the French destroyer "Forbin" (developed under the program "Horizon"). March 28, 2002 and signed a new contract under which a consortium EUROPAAMS was ordered seven more sets of SAM (5 - for the UK and one for France and Italy), and from 400 to 500 SAM "Aster 15" and "Aster 30" ;.

    Composition

    PAAMS SAM consists of:

    multifunction radar "EMPAR" (or radar "Sampson" in the embodiment PAAMS (S) for the Royal Navy);

    short-range SAM "Aster-15", and medium-range "Aster-30" placed in TLU "Sylver" models A43, A50, A70;

    system processing and information delivery PAAMS C2.

    multifunction radar EMPAR firm "" Alenia Marconi Systems "has been developed for the new generation of European frigates" Horizon ". Originally frigates of this type intended for use in the French Navy, Italy and the UK, but in the future Britain emerged from this project. EMPAR radar installation is rapidly changing the frequency of the radiation in the C-band (4-8 GHz) with the main working mode at 5.6GGts. In the principle of radar pulse compression of digital signals and two-stage superheterodyne receiver connected to a block of several digital processors series C40 firm "Raytheon". EMPAR radar has one rotating passive electronic scanning antenna with water cooling and angle - 30 ° (see photo). Radar antenna has a disabled Action in massive air attacks when attacking from different directions. However, these restrictions to some extent offset by the fact that SAM "Aster-30" requires not a constant, but only periodic adjustment guidance on the middle portion of the trajectory, and the terminal phase of rapprochement with the aim of acting active radar homing (AP GOS). All this frees radar EMPAR from having to be in contact with the rocket throughout the process of intercepting the target. EMPAR radar antenna comprises 2160 elements and generates transmit beamwidth 2.6 ° to control the radiation pattern in the range of 45 ° horizontally and 60 ° vertically. The radar can perform simultaneous high-monopulse tracking 69 targets and 2311 low-priority objectives, with each target the desired speed is regulated by availability of data. According to the manufacturer, tracking 50 targets of the number of high priority can be achieved with such precision and speed of data availability, which will be enough for immediate interception of these goals, though not all at the same time. According to some sources, the radar is able to simultaneously provide EMPAR control to 24 in flight Zour. This radar is as follows target detection range: 180km for a 10kV EPR. m, 120km - with EPR Q2. m and 50km - with EPR 0.1kv. m

    multifunction radar "Sampson" created by the British "Defence Evaluation" and Research Agency DERA. Radar is designed for detection of surface and air targets, and to adjust the flight path Zour. Radar working in E / F range (16 and 3 cm, respectively). The first range is designed for the detection of primary air (at a range of up to 250 km) and the sea (to the horizon) purposes. The second target coordinates to refine and adjust the trajectory Zour by periodic transmission of control commands to it. Phased array radar antenna consists of two round mirrors mounted "back to back" on a rotating basis of general, all elements of the 5200 - to 2600 E and F range. Each of the elements consumes 10W, total radiation power of about 25kW at the mirror. Each band has several channels that provided electronically steerable and can simultaneously detect up to 2000 in order to accompany 12 of them (including 8 - in the near field) and adjust the trajectory of 16-Zour. Weight of the antenna is 4.6t, speed 30 rev / min. The antenna is located under the radio waves spherical cap equipped with an air conditioning system that allows you to maintain the desired climate regime.

    Zour short-range "Aster-15", and medium-range "Aster-30" have a single aerodynamic configuration, they almost completely unified and differ only in the size of the first acceleration stages. SAM family "Aster" feature combined gas aerodynamic control system PIF-PAF and pointing at the target implement the so-called mode. "Super maneuverability." PIF-PAF is a combined system, which along with the traditional aerodynamic control surfaces, a special engine lateral control (DPU), located near the center of mass of SAM. SAM "Aster-30" is designed to withstand the overload in 50g, and at the final stage of the trajectory - up to 62g. The missile is equipped with an active radar homing (ARGSN) and is capable of hitting targets flying at low altitude as well as on Aeroballistic trajectory. Fire performance SAM PAAMS - 8 starts in 10 seconds. SAM placed in transport-launch containers (TLC) square, in which are loaded at the factory. In TPK missiles are during the lifetime of that facilitates their storage and use.

    Algorithm PAAMS complex next steps. Aerial goal early warning radar detected S1850M. When the distance to the target is reduced to 250 km, the goal is transferred to the support of multi-function radar SAM PAAMS (if the target low-flying, it is detectable by SAM PAAMS own). In the process of target tracking information on its coordinates transmitted to the processing and delivery of information PAAMS C2. When the distance to the target is reduced to launch range SAM "Aster", PAAMS C2 introduces in missile control direction to the target and sends a command to launch SAM. After the start, depending on the distance to the target, SAM "Aster" moves to it either by the shortest route (when shooting at short range) or Aeroballistic trajectory. Throughout the flight the rocket, radar tracking complex produces both SAM and for the purpose of permanently transferring them into the system coordinates processing and information delivery PAAMS C2. PAAMS C2 system calculates the trajectory of SAM and generates correction commands are transmitted to board the rocket by radio. When the distance between the target and SAM reduced to about 3-5 km, rocket (team PAAMS C2) included AGSN then Zour "Aster" independently and autonomously detects the target produces its interception.

    air defense missile system paams

    vertical launcher (CPG) "Sylver" A43, designed only for missiles "Aster-15", was designed to be placed on the aircraft carrier "Charles de Gaulle" (Charles de Gaulle), Italian frigate "Carabiniere" and French "Ile d'Oleron". Saudi Arabia on frigates class "Riyadh" ("Riyadh") houses two TLU "Sylver" A43 with 8 missiles "Aster-15." TLU A-43 has a length of 5.4m and weighs 7.5t.

    TLU "Sylver" A50, designed by the French state national shipbuilding DCN specifically for SAM PAAMS and is designed for firing anti-aircraft missiles "Aster-15" and "Aster-30." Widespread use of composite materials, low pressure in the gas-dynamic channel installation at the start (due to the large free volume caused by the need to deploy missiles non-folding wings), and the use of the simplified depreciation system (SAM due to the ability of the family "Aster" overload capacity of more than 60g) resulted in creating enough light construction. TLU A50 has a length of 6 m and weighs 8 tons, which is much smaller than the American launcher Mk.41 company "Lockheed Martin", but has the versatility to last.

    Universal vertical launcher (UVLM), designated "Sylver" A70, DCN is created by experts to be placed on prospective carriers and allows shooting Zour "Aster" various modifications, as well as all types of missiles designed to fire from the American UVLM Mk.41, including RCC "Scalp", "Tactical Tomahawk", etc. Development UVLM A70 began in 2004, tests are planned for 2007 and 2008. On the head destroyer "Daring" D.45 British Navy set 6 TLU "Sylver" A50 (each pad has 8 cells) for 48 missiles. Beginning in 2010, intending to build destroyers this project is planned to place 8-9 UVLM "Sylver" A70.

    PERFORMANCE

    Features

    "Aster-15"

    "Aster-30"

    Range defeat aerodynamic purpose km:
    - Minimum
    - Maximum


    1.7
    30


    3
    100 (according to other sources 80)

    Maximum range hitting the target type RCC km

    25

    height of target, m
    - Minimum
    - Maximum


    5
    10000


    5
    20000

    Maximum speed Zour, m / c

    1000

    1400

    Warhead weight, kg

    15-20

    SAM launch mass, kg

    300

    445-510

    marching step:
    - Length, m
    - Diameter, m
    - Weight, kg


    2.6
    0.18
    100-110

    Start

    stage:
    - Length, m
    - Diameter, m
    - Wingspan, m
    - Weight, kg


    2.3
    0.54
    0.92
    380-400

    tests and operation

    air defense missile system paams In May 1996. SAM launches began "Aster-15" on target C-22 in active radar terminal homing. Target imitated strike aircraft flying at a speed of 270 m / s at a height of 1000m. In April 1997. was successfully intercepted a target C-22 simulating subsonic cruise missiles flying at a height of 10m. The aim was intercepted at a distance of 7km.

    In November 1997

    . at a distance of 7km Zour "Aster-15" with an inert warhead first direct hit hit the target, simulating a low-flying anti-ship missiles. In December 1997, were made the first successful launch of "Aster-15" on the real goals (including at a distance of 9km intercepted RCC MM38 "Exocet").

    December 30, 1997. first start-Zour "Aster-30" on the real target. At a distance of 30km missile intercepted a target C-22, flying at a speed 900km/chas at an altitude of 11000m. During the tests, "Aster-30" speed reached 2880km / h, slip was less than 4m.

    2001. - Missile "Aster-15" successfully intercepted educational purpose, imitating an airplane flying at a speed of M = 1 at an altitude of 100m.

    during 2004 were made three starts anti-aircraft missiles "Aster-15" from the board caudovskih class frigates "Riyadh" in French test site in the Mediterranean Sea. All targets were hit with a direct hit.

    October 7, 2010. British Royal Navy launched the first firing tests sea-based SAM PAAMS (S) on board the destroyer type "Daring" pr.45. Start SAM "Aster-30" was produced on board the destroyer "Dauntless" missile successfully hit target drones "Mirak-100/5" on the range in the Hebrides (off the west coast of Scotland). Target missions performed at a speed of 400 knots and an altitude of 30 thousand feet.





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