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Airborne cruise missile ASMP (ASMP-A)

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    Basing

    :

    Plane

    management system:

    management software

    Warhead:

    spetsboepripasov

    Application:

    antiship, air-to-ground

    Country:

    France

    Range:

    300 km.

    year development:

    1986

    cruise missile airborne asmp (asmp-a) Research and development of missiles with powerful nuclear warheads or fusion, suitable for placement in strategic aircraft carrier began in France in the late 1960s years under the leadership of the company "Aerospatiale". In 1970. it was decided to initiate R & D to develop advanced thermonuclear warheads ALCM, the first rocket was to be made no later than 1974. However, in 1971., In the wake of the progress made in the process of creating and BRSD SSBN / SLBM lost problem, it seemed, their sharpness, and program for such weapons based aviation was closed. But in the second half of the 70s French senior military leadership was aware of the increasing role of strategic aviation in the possible limited war, especially in the ETO. In this case, neither BRSD or SLBM could not fulfill the necessary tasks, and Air Force aircraft (primarily, the middle supersonic strategic bombers "Mirage-IVA"), equipped with nuclear bombs svobodnopadayuschie relatively low power (the most powerful nuclear bomb AN-22, Power was not more than 70 kt at a mass of about 750 kg), were too vulnerable to air defenses. Therefore, in 1977. Technical Department of Defence issued an appeal to the country's leading aerospace companies of the country to study the situation and find the answer to the new challenges. According to the results of the competition concept was recognized as the best concept of the corporation "Aerospatiale Matra".

    By developing a promising short-range missiles with thermonuclear warheads company started in 1978., focusing as a carrier for the latest multi-purpose tactical supersonic aircraft "Mirage-2000", was then under development and testing. The new missile was named ASMP ("Air-Sol Moyenne Portee" - rocket type "air-land" medium-range). The developer of the new rocket propulsion system - the company SNPE. Responsibility for the production of warhead carried division "Direction des Affaires Militaires" civil authorities "Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique". Range missile launch ASMP was to allow strike at selected target without entering the zone of the bomber antiaircraft object destruction. The new missile was to be resistant to PFYAV, have considerable speed and high maneuverability, have enough powerful warhead and high accuracy.

    However, due to the delay in the establishment of a new aircraft carrier in 1979. it was decided to equip the missile ASMP first supersonic strategic bombers available "Mirage-IVA" (with modernizing them to the level "Mirage-IVP"). In 1980. was also endorsed the concept of equipping these missiles light attack aircraft decked "Super Etandard", based on the two available to the French multi-type aircraft carrier "Clemenceau". Deck-based aircraft had new weapons not only against ground targets, but against large surface groups of the Soviet Navy, whose power was adopted after receiving heavy aircraft carriers and missile cruisers became violently disturb analysts NATO.

    Mass production of new missiles began in late 1983., the first missiles arrived in combat units in September 1985 .. Adopt missile ASMP was officially adopted in 1986., When she was fitted with "Mirage-IVP" 91st strategic bomber squadron (May - 1st Squadron, AFB Mont-de-Marsan, Dec. - 2nd Squadron, AFB Cazaux, only a total of 18 aircraft). The newest aircraft "Mirage-2000N" (N - from «nucleaire», ie special strategic "nuclear" modification, with a crew of 2 persons and special electronics, particularly resistant to PFYAV and allows you to make long supersonic flight at low height with following the terrain) received the first rocket in July 1988., and "navy" "Super Etandard" - in June 1989. Modified to base aircraft "Super Etandard" was modernized, however, only one of two aircraft carriers cash - "Foch" (11th Naval Air Flotilla).

    All issued

    ASMP missiles were upgraded during 1987 1991yy., when thermonuclear warhead TN-80 has been replaced by an improved, lighter, safe and stable to PFYAV TN-81 warhead of the same capacity (replacement warhead carried by upgrading TN- 80). In order to enhance the capacity of strike aircraft in the first half of the 1980s, France has also purchased the U.S. strategic air tankers KC-135F "Stratotanker", adapted to the French terms that since 1985. begin the task.

    In 1996

    . of the number of carriers ASMP missiles were excluded aircraft "Mirage-IVP", translated into the category of strategic intelligence (in 2005. finally decommissioned). However, the missile ASMP should get uses the latest ultrasonic multi-purpose aircraft "Rafale-B / C" (double / single stroke option for the Air Force) and "Rafale-M" (single deck shock option for the Navy). Deck carriers must stay at nuclear multipurpose aircraft carrier class "Charles de Gaulle". Were modernized to the level of KC-135FR and French strategic air tankers KC-135F "Stratotanker" - advanced machines have the ability to pass when filling 50% more fuel at the same radius of action.

    In the 90s, after the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union, the likelihood of armed conflict in Europe, fell sharply. However, despite this, France has steadily continued to improve aviation component of its nuclear forces. In 1996. began exploring the concept of improved missiles, which should replace the ASMP. Originally intended to equip prospective carriers (primarily multi-role fighter-bomber Rafale) new missile warhead ASLP with promising TN-100 (TN-100) with a capacity of 200 kt. The new missile was to have a range from 140 to 1300 km, the speed of M = 3 (Earth) and M = 4 (high altitude), length 5.25 m, high accuracy. However, a careful analysis of the project became clear to its extremely high cost, given the absence of specific strategic enemy after the collapse of the Soviet Union meant that the values presented potential costs not receive approval from the country's leadership. As a result, it was decided to develop a less ambitious new missile as deep modernization of the ASMP. In 2001. Corporation "Aerospatiale Matra" received from the French Ministry of Defence contract for the development and production of missile ASMP-A ("Air-Sol Moyenne Portee - Amelioree", improved rocket-type "air-land" medium-range), which is a deep modernization of missiles ASMP. The new missile, first of all, needs to acquire an increased range and accuracy, get a new, noise immunity electronics become less visible to enemy radar. Battle of the new generation with a choice of power undermining should improve the efficiency and flexibility of the ASMP-A missiles against various targets. The first launch of a new rocket took place on board the aircraft "Mirage-2000N" in January 2006. Adopted aviation groups Air Force manned aircraft "Mirage-2000N" and "Rafale", the new missile comes with 2008. Process re should end in 2018. The only Navy Aviation Group, having armed aircraft "Rafale-M", get new missiles in 2010.

    Estimating project, it should be noted that France was able to create their own effective enough "sub-strategic" (in French classification) weapons, significantly increase the combat potential of strike aircraft in low-intensity military conflict.

    Composition

    cruise missile airborne asmp (asmp-a) The missile ASMP (see diagram) has a body of oval section, on both sides of which there are rectangular air intakes" fighter "type. Inside the case are: a thermonuclear warhead, control system, pneumatic-hydraulic system, fuel tank, engine, auxiliary systems. A considerable part of the wiring and cables displayed on the lower part of the outer casing and closed rocket fairing. External surface of the body is covered with a special type of ablative heat shield structure, which in addition to the main problem - the disposal of heat flow - and even partially absorbs incident radiation enemy radar, thus reducing, visibility in parts of the electromagnetic missile range. The role of the control surfaces operate four aerodynamic vehicles in the tail of the rocket. Handlebars are made of organic material which also contributes to the absorption of the incident electromagnetic radiation to reduce the visibility of the rocket. All media ASMP missiles can carry no more than one missile. On airplanes, "Mirage-IVP", "Mirage-2000N" (see photo), "Rafale-B/C/M" rocket placed under the fuselage on a special pole, docked to the standard suspension assembly. Plane "Super Etandard" rocket carried on a special pole on one of the underwing hardpoints right wing.

    missile is equipped with inertial control system based on digital computer, supplemented with radio altimeter. This system provides steady flight of the missile at different speeds and in different trajectories, and perform evasive maneuvers to defeat the purpose of not more than 400 m CEP at maximum range. For a variety of data after upgrading mathematical software and a number of nodes in the system control CWE was reduced to values at maximum range of 350m. Depending on the flight program embedded in the onboard control system prior to departure from the airbase, the missile can carry either flying at low altitude with a velocity of about 2M or flight at high altitude at a speed of about 3M. Before separating the missiles from the aircraft carrier to the control system made rockets updated information on the current location of the navigation system of the aircraft carrier, as well as, if necessary, clarifying the team to implement the evasive maneuver. According to some sources, the modified ASMP-A has a much higher accuracy than the predecessor (CWE about 100 m), and also has the ability to store in the memory management system, several possible targets, the choice of which is carried out before the start of the rocket carrier aircraft crew.

    missile has one combined two-piece solid / liquid rocket-ramjet engine "SNPE Alain", which provide the starting section and marching flight modes, respectively. Section included in the work sequentially, one after another. After separation from the aircraft carrier rocket for 1s "sags" a few meters (at this time the system is activated forced pressurization tank with fuel combustion products of solid small gas generator), then solid rocket boosters for 5c accelerates it ("startup mode") to 2M speed at which work for possible inclusion in the liquid propulsion rocket-ramjet engine (fuel - kerosene). After the end of SRBs for 0.1s shooting occurs accelerator and the inclusion of rocket ramjet engine. Further flight ("marching mode") is caused by one of three possible paths: flying at low altitude terrain following (less than 80km distance, speed 2M) flying at extremely low altitude over the sea surface (preferred for use at the start from the deck of the aircraft

    According to published data, only 84 were produced ASMP missiles and 65 warheads for them.

    PERFORMANCE

    firing range, km:
    - Flying at extremely low altitude
    - Flying at low altitude
    - Flying at high altitude


    60
    80
    300

    Airspeed, M:
    - Flying at extremely low / low altitude
    - Flying at high altitude


    2
    3

    Length, m

    5.40

    Fuselage diameter with air intakes, m

    0.82

    swing tail, m

    0.96

    Missile weight, kg

    900

    Warhead weight, kg

    200

    CWE km

    0.35

    Power warhead, Mt

    0.15/0.3





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