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Anti-aircraft missile medium-range SLAMRAAM

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    Basing

    :

    chassis

    management system:

    Radar GOS

    Warhead:

    high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary

    Application:

    Antiaircraft

    Country:

    U.S.

    Range:

    25 km.

    year development:

    2009

    air defense missile system of medium-range slamraam Mobile air defense missile system (ADMS) SLAMRAAM designed for air defense forces and infrastructure of air attack weapons of various types, day and night in all weather conditions, including the active application enemy electronic countermeasures equipment. It is designed to defeat aerodynamic purposes (including unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles) at a range of up to 25km at extremely low and low altitudes.

    concept anti-missile system is used as means of destruction of aircraft missiles AIM-120A was proposed by the American firm "Hughes Aircraft" in the early 90s when developing promising SAM program AdSAMS (Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System ). In 1992, the complex AdSAMS left on tests, but in the future, this project has not been developed. In March 1994, the company "Hughes Aircraft" (now "Raytheon Company System") entered into a contract to develop a SAM NASAMS (Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System), whose architecture is in many ways repeating project AdSAMS. Development of complex NASAMS together with Norsk Forsvarteknologia (now "Kongsberg Defence") was successfully completed in a short time and in 1995 was started its production. Currently NASAMS SAM is in service with the Norwegian Armed Forces and Spain.

    Development

    similar complex for the U.S. Army carried out under the program HUMRAAM (Project 559). In order to enhance the combat capabilities and mobility complex underwent revision in the first place, launchers and fire control system. ORDNANCE complex placed on light truck chassis terrain. First launch AIM-120A as part of SAM HUMRAAM were performed in August 1997, and the first shooting simulator cruise missile took place in July 1998.

    In the early 90s turned also work to create SAM CLAWS (Complementary Low Altitude Weapon System) using the AIM-120 missiles for the U.S. Marine Corps. During the tests, the experimental samples of complex successfully provided intercept targets at ranges up to 15km. In April 2001, the command of the U.S. Marine Corps was signed a contract with "Raytheon" to develop SAM CLAWS. Tests carried out in 2003-2004 at the site White Sands (New Mexico), confirmed the fighting capabilities of the new complex when operating in various conditions, including at night, on different targets. In 2005. successfully completed a series of shootings on the simulator low-flying cruise missiles. In 2005. firm "Raytheon" has received an additional contract for the program CLAWS, however, in August 2006. customer had decided to discontinue the development and production of this complex due to reduced funding.

    In February 2004, the U.S. Department of Defense signed a contract with "Raytheon" full-scale development SAM SLAMRAAM (Surface Launched Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile) based missiles AIM-120 for the U.S. Army. In November 2005, the samples were tested launcher SLAMRAAM, and in October 2006. it was announced on completion of works on modernization AIM-120 missiles for use in SAM SLAMRAAM. The upgraded missile equipped with a new system of self-destruction, a modified software and has a high efficiency in action against cruise missiles and UAVs. Test complex began in March 2008. In July 2008. conducted a series of tests for interaction with SAM SLAMRAAM antiaircraft systems "Avenger" and "Patriot". June 2, 2009. Proving Grounds White Sands missile AIM-120C7 SLAMRAAM SAM was successfully intercept low-flying UAV maneuvering at maximum range. Issuance targeting provided by three spaced radar AN/MPQ-64 from the SAM SLAMRAAM, networked, control group was carried out with a single point of control fire. The purpose of the tests organized by "Raytheon" and commanded the U.S. Army, was the demonstration of the use of complex SLAMRAAM prospects within a united layered air defense system, combining different means of detection and protection against air attack.

    first battery SAM SLAMRAAM should go into service in the U.S. Army in 2012. It is assumed that in the long term, this complex will replace the short-range air defense system "Avenger".

    In 2007

    . firm "Raytheon" announced the beginning of creation of a new anti-aircraft missiles SLAMRAAM-ER with a range of up to 40km. Along with SLAMRAAM-ER complex in the new prospective developers plan to use air missiles AIM-9X as a means of destruction near (up to 10km) radius of action.

    Composition

    air defense missile system of medium-range slamraam in due to air defense missile system consists of:

    radar detection,

    fire control point,

    launchers with anti-aircraft guided missiles AIM-120.

    Multi PLC AN/MPQ-64 (see photo), designed for the U.S. Army based station AN/TPQ-36A, a three-axis pulse-Doppler station Omnidirection designed to detect, track, coordinate measuring air objects and target designation means interception. AN/MPQ-64 working in the centimeter wave band (frequencies 8-10 GHz), equipped with an integrated interrogator "friend or foe", provides tracking up to 60 air targets and simultaneously pointing to three SAMs. Radar antenna system is a planar phased array antenna. Overview airspace provided by range - 75 km, azimuth - within 360 °, by means of mechanical antenna rotation round at 30 revolutions / min, and the elevation angle - due to the electron beam scanning of the antenna pattern in the sector to -10 + 55 °. Radar beamforms needle type with low sidelobe and able to perform pulse compression, selection of moving targets, and the power to change the form of the emitted signal. Deployment and provisioning - 10min. All station equipment installed on the trailer and towing vehicle M988 "Hammer".

    Item

    fire control (SCP) (see photo), mounted on the chassis M988 "Hammer", allows you to receive, process and display data on the traffic situation, the status of systems and the transfer of targeting on launchers. Combat work SAM provides operators placed on workstations and high-performance digital computers. SCP is designed in accordance with the concept of warfare in the area of air defense / missile defense (Battle space), uniting fire, intelligence and management tools into a single system with an exchange of information in real time. Complex is able to conduct operations in a single information space and receive targeting from external sources, for example, from the perspective aerostat detection systems low-flying targets JLENS (Joint Land-Attack Cruise Missile Elevated Netted Sensor). If necessary, air defense missile system SLAMRAAM may interact with SAM "Patriot" PAC-2, PAC-3 and SAM promising MEADS (Medium Extended Air Defense System). Prototype fire control item was presented in May 2006 by "Boeing".

    Mobile launcher complex intended for distribution, transportation, prior guidance and oblique start four to six anti-aircraft guided missiles AIM-120. Package guide is located on the turntable and the circular rotation can be induced in a vertical plane at an angle of 70 °. In the stowed position the guides are arranged horizontally. Time to prepare for the launch of the stowed position is about 60c. To improve the survivability of air defense missile system PU can be placed at a distance of 25 km from the SCP. The exchange of information may thus be arranged on a cable, fiber optic or digital wireless link.

    Zour SLAMRAAM is a modified version of the AIM-120 missiles "air - air". Single-stage solid-fuel anti-aircraft guided missile SLAMRAAM performed on normal aerodynamic configuration. Guidance system combined (command-inertial at primary and secondary, active radar terminal homing flight). Correction commands are transmitted to the board by raety command radio receivers which are placed in the rear of the rocket. Warhead equipped with contact and non-contact radio controlled fuses. Air missile capable of hitting targets at a distance of 25 km, the flight speed to 4M. Calculated probability of hitting the target one SAM (with no interference) is 0.6-0.8. Currently missile AIM-120 is available in versions AIM-120B and AIM-120C.

    mass-dimensional characteristics of the system allow for its rapid deployment to a combat area of military transport aircraft C-130.

    PERFORMANCE

    Maximum range, km

    25

    AIM-120B

    Dimensions, mm:
    - Length
    - Diameter
    - Swing tail
    - Wingspan


    3650
    178
    635
    533

    up weight

    156.8

    Maximum airspeed, M

    4

    AIM-120C5

    Dimensions, mm:
    - Length
    - Diameter
    - Swing tail
    - Wingspan


    3650
    178
    447
    445

    up weight

    161.5

    Warhead weight, kg

    20.5

    Maximum airspeed, M

    4

    radar AN/TPQ-64

    Instrumental detection range, km

    75

    target detection range of "fighter", km

    60

    Frequency range GHz

    8-10

    view area, hail:
    - Azimuth
    - Elevation


    360
    60

    Temp azimuth angle, deg. / sec

    180

    Positioning accuracy:
    - Range, m
    - Azimuth degrees
    - Elevation, hail


    30
    0.2
    0.17

    Resolution:
    - Range, m
    - Azimuth degrees
    - Elevation, hail


    150
    2
    1.7

    Mean time between failures, h

    300





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