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Anti-aircraft missile system HQ-7

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    Basing

    :

    surface ships Armoured

    management system:

    Office for radio

    Warhead:

    high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary

    Application:

    Antiaircraft

    Country:

    China

    Range:

    15 km.

    year development:

    1988

    air defense missile system hq-7 Mobile all-weather air defense missile system melee HQ-7 (HongQi-7," Hongqi-7 "," Red Flag-7 "export designation - FM-80) is designed to destroy targets flying at low and extremely low altitudes.

    Create

    SAM HongQi-7 began in 1979. The complex, which is a localized copy of SAM French Crotale, was developed during the Second Academy of China Aerospace (now the China Academy of Defence Technology-China Academy of Defence Technology / CADT). CADT is a part of China Aerospace Corporation - China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation. 23 Institute developed the control system and radar facilities complex, Institute 206 - ground equipment.

    Tests conducted

    complex since July 1986. to June 1988. Currently HQ-7 is armed land forces, air force and navy People's Liberation Army of China. For parts of the PLA developed propelled version of the complex on a car chassis, for the Air Force - Trailing option, which is used for defense airfields and infrastructure facilities (see photo 1, photo 2).

    Marine version of the complex was designated HHQ-7. HHQ-7 complexes are equipped with: destroyer "Kaifeng" project 051V (109 Kaifeng), destroyer "Harbin" Project 052 (112 Harbin), destroyers project 053H3 and the first two ships of the project 054 naval forces of the PRC.

    export version of SAM HQ-7 under the designation FM-80 was first shown at the Dubai Airshow in 1989. Later, in 1998. Chinese export-import corporation CNPMIEC (China National Precision Machinery Import and Export Corporation) introduced an improved version of the complex, designated FM-90 (HQ-7B).

    export version of the marine complex FM-90N was demonstrated at air show in 2002 in Zhuhai. By advertising information he has increased effectiveness against low-flying anti-ship missiles. FM-90N SAM is part of arms and frigates Bangobondhu Osman Bangladesh Navy and frigates of Project F-22P Pakistan Navy.

    complex repeatedly modernized, the last modernization program was completed in 2007.

    Composition

    air defense missile system hq-7

    Judging by the published information on the design and operational capabilities first versions SAM HQ-7 is almost completely identical to the prototype.

    launcher SAM self-propelled variant HQ-7 truck-mounted P4R wheel formula 4 X 4 (Chinese designation B-20). Engine - carburetor Hotchkiss. Transmission - electromechanical, suspension - hydropneumatic. In a combat situation launcher hung on three hydraulic jacks, two of which are located behind the front wheels - one in the rear of the machine. The maximum highway speed of 60 km / h, range - 500 km.

    launcher mounted on monopulse radar missile guidance Type-345 J-band (12-18 GHz) with a range of 17 km, TV tracking system with a range of up to 15km on a clear day, the imager and 4 containers for missiles ( see photo).

    antiaircraft guided missile HQ-7 made of aerodynamic configuration "duck" and arrangement repeats SAM R440, complex Crotale. Solid engine provides up to 12km range, with a maximum speed of M = 2.3. The missile is equipped with a radio command guidance system used for tracking radar and electro-optical system. Warhead missiles - high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary remote and contact fuzes.

    Item command and control (FDR), mounted on a separate chassis, provides an overview of the airspace, target detection, recognition of her nationality and recognition of its type. Pulse-Doppler radar detection of E / F is able to detect low-flying range targets at a range from 3.2 to 18.4km. The radar can detect up to 30 targets with the release of 12 of the most dangerous of them for automatic tracking. Target data using the communication equipment are transmitted to the missile launchers.

    Battalion HQ-7 consists of three firing batteries and battery logistics. Each fire battery includes command and control point and three combat vehicles.

    antiaircraft missile FM-90 (HQ-7B)

    air defense missile system hq-7

    Upgraded version of the complex FM-90 (HQ-7B) placed in an armored car chassis AFV terrain 6x6 Chinese production (see photo 1, photo 2, photo 3).

    Compared with the prototype in a complex FM-90 incorporates a new dual-band radar guidance instead monopulse type-345. Information processing unit is made on large scale integrated circuits (706 developed by the Institute). Transition to a fully digital instead of analog information processing will significantly raise the immunity complex in the active and passive jamming.

    In

    optoelectronic tracking system has been integrated imager for night shooting, the complex is equipped with a radio system that ensures the exchange of information between the point of command and control and launchers similar SAM Crotale "Series 4000".

    rocket engine used in advanced solid fuel charge, provide a significant increase in range, upgraded fuse and equipment management system (see photo 1, photo 2).

    air defense missile system hq-7 Complex FM-90 received a new item command and control, which is also posted on the chassis AFV. (See photo 1, photo 2) radar antenna device AR represents a phased array antenna with 286 emitters (11h26) with digital control of the beam in elevation and circular mechanical rotation in azimuth (see photo). Instrumental detection range - 25km.

    When the maximum range of 25 km SAM FM-90 is able to simultaneously attack three objectives using different modes of guidance. According to the developers model the probability of hitting one rocket is 80 to 90%, the probability of hitting a volley dvuhraketnym - 96%. Complex got a chance to intercept targets at very low altitudes, as well as anti-radar missiles and cruise missiles, air-to-surface at a distance of 17km.

    Air Defence Missile System HHO-7/FM-90N

    air defense missile system hq-7

    Unlike SAM Crotale Naval complex in HHQ-7 support system and launcher spaced.

    launcher turret type package has guides on 8-Zour and comes with automatic reloading. Automatic reloading supplies containers with missiles on rail launcher from the store. In the first set of options open shop located directly behind the launcher (see photo) and reloading was carried out in semi-automatic mode. Later reloading process was automated, and the store became retracted into the space below deck (see photo). Ammunition complex is 24 missiles, ie h posted on the launcher.

    tracking system is designed as a single post and includes a tracking radar type-360, a camera and infrared tracking system (see photo). Radar Type-360 is a Doppler radar E / F-band with a detection range of 18.4 km. Displayed a complex capable of up to 30 targets and track 12 targets simultaneously. Data output is produced by targeting combat information management system of the ship ZJK-4 (a copy of Thomson CSF TAVITAC) or independently from radar detection.

    PERFORMANCE

    HQ-7 (FM-80)

    HQ-7B (FM-90)

    The affected area

    range, m:
    - When the target speed 400 m / s
    - When the target speed 300m / c
    - Medlennoletyaschie target (helicopter type)


    8600
    10000
    12000


    15000
    15000
    15000

    The affected area

    height, m

    30-5000

    15-6000

    detection zone range, m

    18400

    25000

    Dimensions missiles, mm:
    - Length
    - Diameter
    - Wingspan


    3000
    156
    550

    up weight

    84.5

    Warhead weight, kg

    15

    Airspeed, M

    M = 2.3

    M = 2.6





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