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Anti-aircraft missile system S-200V Vega

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    Basing

    :

    Surface PU

    management system:

    Radar GOS

    Warhead:

    high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary

    Application:

    Antiaircraft

    Country:

    Russia

    Range:

    300 km.

    year development:

    1970

    air defense missile system S-200V vega All-weather air defense missile system long-range S-200 is designed to deal with modern and advanced aircraft, airborne command post, jammers and other means of manned and unmanned air attack at altitudes from 300 m to 40 km, flying at speeds up to 4300 km / h, at distances up to 300 km in heavy jamming.

    Development antiaircraft missile system long range was launched in CDB "Diamond" in 1958, under the symbol C-200A (code "Angara") system was adopted by the defense forces of the country in 1967, virtually all major facilities countries were under her protection. Subsequently, the S-200 repeatedly modernized: 1970 - S-200V (code "Vega"), and 1975 - C-200D (code "Dubna"). During upgrades were significantly increased range and height of defeats the purpose. The system C-200D introduced a modified rocket 5V28M long-range shooting and the ability to recessive Target "in pursuit", as well as work in a jammer. SAMs 5V21, 5V28, 5V28M included in these tools, developed in OKB-2 MAP (IBC "Torch") under the leadership of General Designer PD Grushin. Complex detection and guidance in SKB-1 "Diamond" , (Chief Designer Raspletin AA) launchers 5P72V - in KB special mashinostoroeniya.

    S-200B was delivered from the beginning of the 1980s under the symbol C-200VE "Vega-E" in the GDR, Poland, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary, North Korea, Libya, Syria. In the early 1990s, the S-200VE was purchased by Iran. The export version of the system differed from the S-200V Reformulated PU equipment and cockpit controls.

    In 1989-1990, the city was modernized system S-200V in order to create "the imposition of anti-aircraft missile batteries" (VZRB) intended for launch missiles at targets, followed by radar ROC, removing the starting position at a distance of 140 km. For communication with the command post was attached to the intermediate cabin VZRB conjugation. Means were VZRB Additional requirements to reduce deployment time from traveling, replacing parts of the equipment, reduce the number of cable connections, etc. However, in the future to continue work on practical VZRB had.

    the west range was designated SA-5 "Gammon"

    Composition

    S-200V - single-channel system is transported, placed on trailers and semitrailers.

    Composition S-200B:

    System-wide means:

    O control point and target K-9M

    O diesel power 5E97

    O distribution cubicle K21M

    O control tower K7

    Air Defence Missile Division

    O antenna post K-1B radar target illumination 5N62V (see photos in the firing position, in the stowed position)

    O hardware stall K-2B (see photo stowed inside)

    O cubicle start preparing K-3B

    O distribution cubicle K21M

    O diesel power 5E97

    5ZH51V starting position (5ZH51) consisting of:

    O 5P72V six launchers with missiles 5V28 (5V21) (see layout scheme)

    O loading vehicle 5YU24

    O freight-loading machine 5T82 (5T82M) on KrAZ-255 or KrAZ-260

    O-trailer - 5T23 (5T23M), transport and refueling machine 5T83 (5T83M), mechanized shelving 5YA83

    air defense missile system S-200V vega

    starting positions and 5ZH51V 5ZH51 systems S-200V and S-200, respectively, were developed in KB Special Machinery (Leningrad), and are intended for prelaunch preparation and launch rockets and 5V21V 5V21A. Starting positions were a system launch pads for PU and ZM (loading vehicle) with a central platform for the start of training cabin, power and road system, providing automatic supply of missiles and loading PU at a safe distance. Besides documentation was developed for technical position (TP) 5ZH61, which is part of anti-aircraft missile systems S-200, S-200B and was intended for storage of missiles 5V21V, 5V21A, to prepare them for combat use and replenishment of fire rockets starting positions complex. The complex consisted of a few dozen TP machines and devices, providing all of the operation of missiles.

    complex equipment starting position included launchers 5P72, 5P72B, 5P72V which were intended for prelaunch, guidance and launch missiles, Relad 5YU24 designed for automatic loading PU (see photo), a number of technical positions machines - train 5T53 (5T53M), transport and refueling machine (TBM) 5T83 (5T83M), transportation and loading vehicle (TLV) 5T82 (5T82M) 5YA83 mechanized shelving and other machinery.

    Technical

    position skomplektovat and deployed at the Sary-Shagan for experimental verification, provide joint tests of S-200 in 1964-1966gg.

    PU 5P72 is a very complex machine and provides automated pre-start training, guidance and launch. PU has an electric drive mechanism aiming azimuth, allowing for 35s at 179 ° throw bolt of missile electro-hydraulic lifting mechanism, which raised the swinging part of the rocket for 35c on the elevation angle 48 °, and the electro-hydraulic mechanism elektrovozduhorazema. Operation mechanisms PU performed by commands from the cockpit training start. After missile launch PU automatically attaches to one of the two charging machines 5YU24, on which there was a rocket, and automatic loading produced.

    Relad 5YU24 is a frame rail mounted front and rear supports for missiles, mechanisms and drives ZM movement on rails, mechanisms of adhesion to PU 5P72 and ramming rockets, provides automatic charging cycle, including the entrance to the PU and resetting position. Frame devices relied on the axle bogies.

    In 1981, under Resolution CM from 16.03.81 № 277-85 of LACA in under the leadership of Chief Designer Trofimov NA began to work on creating and starting 5ZH51D 5ZH61D technical positions 5P72D launcher systems and other equipment C-200D (Dubna) long range with improved performance characteristics. Starting position (SP) 5ZH51D consisted of six PU 5P72D, twelve ZM 5YU24M control cabins CPAs, united in purpose firing channel. Power funds were from a diesel power plant.

    air defense missile system S-200V vega

    SP equipped collapsible foundation for PU, rail tracks for ZM and included a platform for placing the cab and diesel power. Equity joint venture - carried. Deployment time - 24 hours from the march. PU 5P72D with constant rocking of the position at the start, followed by electric azimuth guidance, provides remote auto-launch preparation, target tracking and missile launch. Automated loading (unloading) PU carried ZM 5YU24M in minimum time. It was also a semi-automatic loading using TRV 5T82M from the TP 5ZH61D. Starting position, launcher, undergone a number of changes to ensure the compressed time schedule prelaunch, shooting in "Dogon" immunity. Solved the problem of a significant reduction in the volume of maintenance and increase its frequency. At PU redesigned and replaced most of the equipment, including automation equipment homepage.

    Technical Position (TP) 5ZH61D intended for storage, preparation for combat use and replenishment missiles 5V28M starting positions. TP is a technological flow, providing assembly missiles, their equipment, control, refueling and oxidant transport finally assembled missiles on SP. With the introduction of modernized missile 5V28M technical equipment of the funds position 5ZH61D subjected to constructive processing, since the rocket 5V28M changed by weight and center of gravity and has received an increased layer thermal barrier coating.

    design documentation on SP 5ZH51D, TP 5ZH61D PU 5P72D and other means designed in 1981-1983, the city of Leningrad plant "Bolshevik" produced prototypes PU 5P72D for docking with the means of the joint venture, mining-firing channel and launch 5V28M missiles (5V28, 5V21A) at the Sary-Shagan. Integrated factory and state tests and TP JV 5ZH51D 5ZH61D conducted in 1980-1983, at the Sary-Shagan (pl. 7.35), yielded positive results, confirmed compliance TK, SP and TP were recommended for adoption into operation. Serial production of PU 5P72D conducted at the Kiev factory "Bolshevik". and loading vehicle 5YU24M - at the Donetsk plant "Tochmash».

    target illumination radar (ROC) is a high-potential 5N62V radar continuous radiation. It provides tracking, generates information for missile launch, highlights the goals in the process of homing missiles. Construction of ROC using continuous sensing target monochromatic signal and, consequently, the Doppler filtering echoes provided permission (selection) targets velocity, and the introduction phase - code manipulation monochromatic signal - in range. Thus, there are two main modes of radar target illumination - MHI (monochromatic) and FCM (fazokodovoy manipulation). In the case of regime support MHI air object ROC has three coordinates (elevation angle - he approximated target height - bearing, speed) and FCM - four (added to the listed coordinates range). In the MHI indicator displayed in the control room S-200 mark on the goals look like glowing stripes from the top to the bottom of the screen. In the transition to PCM mode operator performed the so-called sampling ambiguity range (which requires a considerable amount of time), the signal on the screen becomes a "normal" form "of the collapsed signal" and the opportunity to precise range to the target. This operation usually takes about thirty seconds when shooting at short distances is not applicable, since the choice of ambiguity in range and stay objective in the area of the start - the same order.

    air defense missile system S-200V vega

    antiaircraft guided missile system 5V28 S-200V two-stage, is based on the normal aerodynamic scheme, with four triangular wings of high aspect ratio. The first stage consists of four solid boosters installed on the sustainer stage between the wings .. Sustainer stage equipped with a two-component liquid rocket engine 5D67 with pumping system components supply fuel to the engine. Structurally sustainer stage consists of a number of sections, which are located in semi-active radar homing head, blocks on-board equipment, high-explosive warhead with a slam-actuator tanks propellants, liquid rocket engine control units rudders missiles. The launch - reclining, with a constant angle of elevation, with launcher, induced azimuth. Warhead high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary with ready submunitions - 37 thousand pieces weighing 3-5g. When undermining warhead fragment emission angle is 120 °, which in most cases leads to a guaranteed defeat aerial targets.

    flight control and missile guidance to the target by means mounted thereon a semi-active radar homing (GOS). For narrowband filtering echoes in the receiver must have the GOS reference signal - continuous monochromatic oscillation, which requires a standalone RF oscillator on board the rocket.

    prelaunch rocket include:

    data transfer with the ROC to the starting position;

    adjustment of the GOS (RF LO) at the carrier frequency of the probe signal ROC;

    GOS installation of antennas in the direction of the target, and their systems of automatic target tracking range and speed - on the range and speed of the target;

    GOS contributions to automatic tracking.

    Then start

    already implemented in the automatic tracking of the GOS. Time ready to fire - 1.5min. In the absence within five seconds of the signal from the target, which is provided while designating from the ROC, homing missiles alone includes search speed. Initially, she is looking for purpose in a narrow range, then after five scans in a narrow range goes to 30-kilohertz wide range. If the target illumination radar resumed GOS find the target, there is recapture the purpose and further guidance. If the GOS after all these ways to search and did not find the target and not retake it, rudders on missile command is issued "maximum up." Launch out into the upper atmosphere, not to hit ground targets, and there carried out undermine warhead.

    In S-200 was first introduced digital computer - CVM "Flame", which was entrusted with the command and coordinate the exchange of information with different IPs and to solve the problem starts. Combat work of S-200B is provided from funds management 83M6, automated systems "Senezh-M", "Baikal-M." Combine multiple single-purpose SAM total command center facilitated with superior management system manual, allowed to organize interaction SAM to concentrate their fire on one or distribution at different targets.

    S-200 can be operated in different climatic conditions.

    PERFORMANCE

    Feature

    C-200A

    S-200V

    C-200D

    number of channels on the target

    1

    1

    1

    number of channels on the rocket

    2

    2

    2

    Range, km

    17-180

    17-240

    17-300

    Flight altitude targets km

    0.5-40

    0.5-40

    0.3-40

    rocket length, mm

    10600

    10800

    10800

    caliber rockets (the sustainer stage) mm

    860

    860

    860

    launch mass, kg

    -

    7100

    8000

    Warhead weight, kg

    217

    217

    217

    target kill probability

    0.45-0.98

    0.66-0.99

    0.72-0.99

    tests and operation

    first combat use of the S-200 occurred in 1982 in Syria, where at a distance of 190 km was downing AWACS E-2C "Hawkeye", after which the American carrier fleet departed from the coast of Lebanon. Libyan S- 200 participated in the reflection of American bombers flying FB-111 and possibly shot down one bomber.





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