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Anti-aircraft missile system SAMP-T

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    Basing

    :

    chassis

    management system:

    Radar GOS

    Warhead:

    high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary

    Application:

    antiaircraft, missile

    Country:

    Germany, France, Italy

    Range:

    100 km.

    year development:

    2006

    air defense missile system samp-t Complex SAMP-T (EUROSAM Land system) intended for air defense units and mechanized troops to march, as well as anti-aircraft cover important stationary objects against a massive attack a broad class of air targets, ranging from tactical missiles, all types of aircraft and finishing various unmanned aircraft in all weather conditions, the application of various types of interference by the adversary of great intensity.

    developer and manufacturer of the complex is a European consortium "Eurosam". The consortium was formed in June 1989 firms "Aerospatiale", "Alenia" and "Thompson-CSF" in order to create and market promotion weapons complexes family FSAF - Forward SurfacetoAir Family of missile systems. "Eurosam" acts as a system integrator creating projects offshore and onshore options for complex defense. Program to create complexes FSAF family includes a number of innovations - namely modular layout systems to achieve aviatransportabelnosti, minimizing the total number of elements of the complex, the novelty of the applied technological solutions to meet the specific performance of the system, the possibility of upgrading complex systems throughout the life cycle, the minimum equipment maintenance complex entities fighting crew during its operation. All systems that are part of a family of complexes FSAF, consist of replaceable elements that satisfy the above requirements.

    peculiarity SAM SAMP-T is that it is a variant of the modular series SAM family FSAF. In addition to SAM SAMP-T of standard modules are also going to ship SAM SAAM (PAAMS) different complete sets of equipment for naval ships of France and Italy. Means of destruction in all complexes of marine and land-based unified are guided antiaircraft missile (SAM) family "Aster". SAM "Aster-30" from the SAM SAMP-T and developed for vehicular option "Aster-15" maximum standardized, modular in design, and in fact differ only launching boosters. Flight tests Zour "Aster" was completed in 1999. Comprehensive flight test SAM SAMP-T completed in 2005. and in 2006. adopted for the complex.

    After completing the tests missiles "Aster" was adopted by a number of programs for its further modernization. In accordance with existing plans, this work is supposed to perform in several stages: as developed since 2000. missiles "Aster" block 1, followed by a transition to a promising option block 2 and block 3. November 12, 2003 with a consortium of "Eurosam" signed a contract ($ 3.5 billion) to conduct a full-scale development and production of SAM SAMP-T Block 1 missile "Aster" block 1. This SAM is designed to provide theater defense for new NATO Response Force and Europe, should be adopted in 2007. Rocket used in the composition of the SAM will have greater effectiveness in intercepting ballistic missiles with a range of 600 km, the various types of precision-guided weapons and UAVs. Terms of the contract, signed in November 2003, provided for the production of up to 2014 18 SAM batteries for the armed forces of France and Italy. In general, the contract provides for the production of the three states in 1400 missiles, auxiliary equipment and simulators.

    Simultaneously with the signing of the contract one of the participants of the consortium "Eurosam", EADS company started negotiations with the French Commission for the production of weapons (DGA) on the implementation of the demonstration program, designated as SAMP-T Block 2. It is expected that implementation of the program cost 50-100 million euros will take 3-5 years. In the process of its implementation should be investigated a number of promising key technologies, including missile guidance on final interception, increase efficiency defeat ballistic targets (with a range of 1500-2000 km) and some system solutions. If successful progress military variant of the system can be put into operation by 2012

    To run this program, DGA has issued an order to produce two experimental systems necessary to demonstrate the SAMP-T Block 2: A demo of the satellite early warning value of 60-80 million euros and medium-range radar. Work on the creation of radar demonstrator worth 70 million euros, known under the designation M3R should prepare for the production staff to sample the radar 2010 works M3R, which should provide dimensions defended zone up to 1000 km, actively supported by the Netherlands, showed interest in SAMP -T Block 2 shortly after the U.S. were stopped work on the creation of ship-based missiles Standard SM-2 Block 4A. Partners "Eurosam" in this paper can also be Germany and Italy, which continues to explore the possibility of a combination of more than one means of multinational MEADS air defense system and SAMP / T.

    Composition

    air defense missile system samp-t The complex SAMP-T include:

    multifunction radar type Thompson-CSF ARABEL phased array;

    cubicle combat control - FCU (Fire Control Unit), which houses the equipment management system that handles all the information about the traffic situation in real time, as well as two console display system;

    missiles "Aster-30";

    propelled launchers vertical launch truck-Astra / Iveco and Renault-TRM-10000 (8x8) with launchers modules 8 combat-ready missiles in transport-launch containers.

    multifunction radar ARABEL X-band allows for a review of space target detection and tracking, and missile guidance to the target by transmitting commands to its board. Implementation of such a multi-function radar operation provides powerful computing facilities of the complex. Radar scans and azimuthal space round from -5 ° to +90 ° in elevation plane during one revolution blade antenna, implemented for 1s. Dimensions of the electron beam is 2 °.

    to increase maneuverability missiles at SAM "Aster-30" applied the original device combined cross aerogazodinamicheskogo proportional control, designated PIF-PAF (Pilotage en Force-Pilotage Aerodinamique Fort). PIF-PAF is a combined system, which along with the traditional aerodynamic control surfaces, a special engine lateral control (DPU), located near the center of mass of SAM. DPU-Zour "Aster-30" is in the form of a solid gas generator with four slit nozzle equipped with control valves. Slot nozzles are arranged crosswise inside the fender flares. DPU included approximately 1s to meetings to Rod and his adjusted in accordance with the guidance system commands. Maximum shear overload created by the DPU is 12 units and significantly increases the probability of hitting a priority for SAM "SAMP-T" purposes. According to the developers, direct hits were completed about half of the 30 successful test launches of different options "Aster". Projected DPU characteristics: maximum thrust (single nozzle) - 750kgs, length / diameter of the chamber DPU - 450/180mm. One of the technical challenges in developing such a scheme DPU is to create a reliable high-speed valves controlling the flow of high-temperature combustion products. Using a two-stage scheme allowed rocket "Aster-30" downsize combat stage (about 100 kg) and, consequently, reduce the maximum thrust level DPU, which facilitated the creation of the DPU with adjustable thrust. Placing nozzles arranged crosswise inside the wings make it possible for the DPU expiring jet sweep tail the second stage of the rocket, which minimizes undesirable effects "interaction" and provides control and stabilization of the rocket tail aerodynamic control surfaces. The price paid for such a solution is to increase the transverse dimensions of the transport and launch container and trigger module (as a consequence of the impossibility of folded wings with nozzles located in them).

    The rocket

    "Aster-30" is set warhead high explosive type with programmable time delay proximity fuze.

    air defense missile system samp-t

    Typical battery

    complex SAMP-T consists of a command and control cockpit with multi-function radar and ARABEL 6 launchers at the distance of 10km from the control cabin. The work of all subsystems in two combat crew members. Can be integrated into a complex other optoelectronic reconnaissance assets. Complex can act independently, with target designation from radar early warning and a part of integrated air defense system.

    Usually

    combat work complex SAMP-T is as follows. When you declare an alarm operators cab command and control all elements of the complex result in the firing position, providing them with energy. Antenna multifunctional RLC ARABEL, rotates at a rate of 1 vol. / Sec, thereby providing an overview of a circular air space in the azimuthal plane. If necessary, multifunction radar can be assigned sector of responsibility, having priority over fire detection and detected targets. In these sectors, the goal is detected and recognized in one revolution of the antenna by additional sensing portion of the space, where it was the primary target detection. If repeatedly probing confirms the detection of the target, then the next turn of the antenna occurs tie her tracks. Information about the track enters the target command and control cab and displayed on the monitors. Computational tools produce prolongation future mark with regard to the intended target motion, velocity, and traffic patterns. Each goal is assigned a unique number (there is a sign of their own and other purposes). When entering the goal area starting stall complex command and control issues commands to the respective launchers, these commands is preparation for the launch of one or two missiles "Aster-30".

    Next item command and control issues commands to start one or two missiles. On the launcher, after receiving the command to start, there is a transfer aboard the rocket direction information and other parameters of target motion, as well as the value of the angle of declination missiles in its vertical launch. Accordingly, there is preparation to capture support for missile launches. Then the vertical missile launch, it leaves its transport and launch container. Modes multifunction phased array radar capable of detecting and tracking to capture rocket with "Aster-30", then use the computing means is formed by its track. After exiting the transport and launch container rocket leaning towards the proposed meeting point for the purpose.

    In paragraph

    combat control on indicators is displayed to track missiles. Coordinates of the target, the parameters of its motion in a second updated and transferred to board the rocket for its guidance in meeting the intended point. After the end of rocket booster with a certain time delay starts the main engine. The flight path of the missile is formed so that its convergence with the aim of allowing for capture target homing missile, which comes into operation at a certain point the flight path. After the end of the main rocket engine continues to be flown to the target. Used for flight control surfaces and fender flares, if necessary, on the final leg of the flight guidance system used RIF to minimize slip and cause maximum damage to targets.

    Each battery can carry 16 missiles simultaneously aiming at different goals. Information about the amount consumed and combat-ready missiles on each launcher used during combat operation in the appointment of new missiles to fire newly detected targets.

    Modernization Program "Aster" block-1 aims to improve the characteristics of the missile for use in missile defense purposes. The overall layout of the rocket remains unaffected by this. Upgraded ARGSN missiles has improved characteristics for high-speed flight control system uses a more powerful on-board computer, introduced advanced algorithms capture objectives and choosing the best time to undermine the warhead. Improved warhead missiles, which entered into the two different types of fragments and the new device is undermining providing action directed toward the target warhead.

    Perspective option "Aster" block-2, designed for a wide range of effective interception of ballistic targets, the appearance of which is projected to 2010-2012., and includes a wide range of options. The first way - the implementation of existing technologies with constant rocket sustainer stage design, the characteristics of which comply with the requirements of the high-altitude missile defense system. This may be replaced or adapted to meet new challenges seeker system remote detonation warhead, board computer, cruise engine and gas flow control subsystem RIF. In order to increase the capture area and allow intercept targets at high altitudes are also investigated various options, equipped with rocket boosters large size that will remain compatible with existing TPC-Zour for "Aster-30." In accordance with another concept studied rocket, with a march and stage a larger diameter dual-band seeker. The third option - version of the missile, using a large flightless accelerator equipped with a kinetic interceptor defeat. However, as noted by the developers use accelerators wingless will reduce the effectiveness of intercepting targets at short range and a number of other shortcomings.

    In accordance with the concept of "Aster" block-2 is capable of providing a direct hit in the ballistic targets, including those that can maneuver in the final stage of flight. One of the most critical elements of this research is to study the technologies associated with the missile seeker. Future "Aster" can be equipped with infrared homing, similar to that used on aircraft rocket MISA and will be able to use for targeting wave infrared or IR dual-band version / RL in intercepting ballistic targets at relatively low altitudes.

    Another line of research on the program block-2 are in the field of improving the system of gas-dynamic control missile PIF. Proposed solutions today include:

    implementation mode cruise missile flight and features a gas-dynamic control using one of the solid charge;

    Use one of the solid charge to implement multiple pulses of PIF;

    creation of PIF, based on the use of two or three solid propellant charges.

    PERFORMANCE

    defeat Range, km:
    - Aircraft
    - Ballistic missiles


    3-100
    3-35

    height of target, km

    25

    Maximum speed Zour, m / c

    1400

    average flight speed Zour, m / c

    900-1000

    Maximum Overload:
    - At an altitude H = 0
    - At an altitude H = 15 km


    60g
    15g

    Warhead weight, kg

    15-20

    SAM launch mass, kg

    510

    marching step:
    - Length, m
    - Diameter, m
    - Weight, kg


    2.6
    0.18
    100-110

    Start

    stage:
    - Length, m
    - Diameter, m
    - Wingspan, m
    - Weight, kg


    2.3
    0.54
    0.92
    380-400





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