anti-tank rifle Simonov PTW
anti-tank rifle Simonov PTW
Work on the creation of anti-tank guns (MFI) in the USSR were begun in 1930. By the end of the 30s of the twentieth century Soviet designers MN Blum, SV Vladimirov, S. Korovin, NV Rukavishnikov and BG SHpitalna was created fifteen samples antitank guns. On the comparative tests in 1939 was recognized as the best 14,5 mm semi-automatic anti-tank rifle Rukavishnikova system, which in the same year it was decided to adopt the Red Army. However, in the same period in the circles of the Soviet military leadership prevailing misconception that in the coming war potential enemy tanks will have frontal armor thickness of 60-80 mm, and major efforts have been focused on the creation and production of relevant anti-artillery systems, and the mass production guns Rukavishnikova was folded almost before it began.
C outbreak of hostilities in June 1941 in the Soviet Union, it became clear that the composition of armored and mechanized forces of Germany along with modern medium tanks, a large number of slabobronirovannyh lungs, both German and captured tanks Czech and French production, and well armored and armored personnel carriers.
outset of the Great Patriotic War was felt an acute shortage in mobile anti-tank weapons capable of acting directly in combat formations of infantry troops. In an extremely short time such a tool could be created only in the form of a classic anti-tank rifle. This task was assigned at the beginning of July 1941 the Soviet designers of small arms, which the Soviet government commissioned to design a cheap and quick in producing PTR.
| Caliber, mm || 14.5h114 |
| Length mm || 2108 |
| Barrel length, mm || 1219 |
| Weight empty, kg || 20.9 |
| store count. cartridges || 5 |
| Rate of fire / min || 15 |
| Sighting range, m || 1500 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / s || 1020 |
| Penetration bullet BS-41, |
(Distance / angle of incidence / piercing)
| 100 m / 90o / 40 mm |
300 m / 90o / 35 mm
To solving emergency task of creating flexible and light infantry antitank weapons - anti-tank guns, along with a team of well-known designer of small arms VA Degtyarev, was drawn and his talented pupil KB - SG Simonov. Simonov specialized in the design of automatic and semi-automatic firearms personal infantry, so at the beginning of work on the creation of MFR was decided to make a new semi-automatic sample.
Work on the gun moved accelerated pace and was completed in late July 1941. Both designers design and manufacture of prototypes took 22 days.
Each designer presented two copies: VA Degtyarev - Shops semi-automatic, and SG Simonov - Shops and single-shot semi-automatic manual reload. Experienced shooting showed that autoloading PTR is quite efficient and suitable for use in the army. In order to quickly establish and further reduce the cost of production, Degtyarev remade magazine-autoloading shotgun in the single-shot, and from Simonovskaya monovalent model had to be abandoned because of a tight extraction cartridges and slow reloading.
14.5x114 mm cartridges in a pack (cage) for PTSD
as ammunition cartridges used in the MFR 14.5? 114 mm, before the war started just looking for anti-tank rifles. Usually used cartridges with armor-piercing incendiary bullets of two types - with steel core with a hot B-32 and metal core BS-41. Bullet BS-41 with a higher armor penetration was scarce and was used only for shooting at tanks. Both had a good incendiary effect.
view PTSD controls (shutter open)
autoloading PTR Simonova-charge with a gun designed VA Degtyarev was recommended to the adoption of the Red Army.
view controls PTW
August 29, 1941 decree of the State Committee of Defense of the USSR 14, 5-mm semi-automatic anti-tank gun model 1941 Simonov PTSD was made by the Red Army, later he was awarded the Grau index - 56-B-562. PTSD was intended to combat medium and light tanks and armored vehicles at distances up to 500 meters. Also, a gun could fire on pillboxes and bunkers and pillboxes, disguised armor at distances up to 800 meters and the aircraft at distances up to 500 meters.
anti-tank rifle Simonov PTW uses vapor-automatic. Gas piston with short stroke located above the barrel. The design of the gas outlet assembly has a manual gas regulator on the three positions allocated to the dosing piston gas, depending on the operating conditions. Locking barrel by tilting back the shutter down.
trigger mechanism provides only fire single shots. Expenditure of ammunition on the shutter stays open. Safety of a lever.
Loading the PTW
trunk has a channel with eight right and rifled muzzle brake to reduce recoil. In front of the trunk planted fly.
Food arms ammunition is carried out integrally box magazine capacity of 5 rounds with burst loading. Tutu staggered 5 cartridges inserted into the shop below, after tilting down and forward cover store. After inserting the pack lid closes shop. Shotgun complementing six packs.
wooden butt attached to the receiver. On the butt plate to reduce recoil-absorbing pad has pillow.
Sights consist of open sight sector type graduated from 1 to 15 (each division corresponds to 100 m) and flies.
view sight and carrying handle PTSD
Shooting a gun was conducted mainly with stop using folding bipod attached to the barrel.
The barrel, front of the receiver, was fixed foldaway handle for carrying weapons.
PTW serviced settlement of two people. In combat gun could be carried by one crew member, or both. In the stowed position the gun disassembled into two parts - the barrel with bipod and receiver butt - two rooms and postponed calculation.
serial production of PTSD has been launched at the Tula arms factory, and after the evacuation of Tosa - Saratov.
anti-tank rifle Simonov PTW
Because the more complex design, anti-tank rifle Simonov mastered in manufacturing is not as fast as PTRD. So, in 1941, managed to produce only 77 guns, but before the end of 1942 had already produced 63,308 guns. However, in 1943 the production of rifles was curtailed, as the rapid growth of the German tanks made reservations weapon caliber 14.5 mm ineffective. Nevertheless, anti-tank guns Simon PTW actively used until the end of the war - they were used against light armored vehicles, field fortifications, partially used in defense.
anti-tank rifle Simonov was praised on all fronts. It has fighting qualities such as ease of use, reliability and high shooting armor. The presence of five-shot magazine and the ability to conduct a semi-automatic fire distinguishes it from PTR Degtyareva. In their combat and operational qualities PTSD exceeded practically all similar foreign systems, allowing the Soviet infantrymen to fight successfully against lightly armored enemy vehicles.
captured in fighting with Soviet troops PTW guns were widely used in parts of the Wehrmacht - German gun had PzB designation 784 (r) (Panzerbuchse 784 (r)). Besides the Great Patriotic War, PTSD was used during the civil war in China and the Korean conflict.