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Antitank missile Eryx

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    Basing

    :

    Portable

    management system:

    Office of the laser beam

    Warhead:

    Tandem

    Application:

    Anti

    Country:

    France

    Range:

    1 km.

    year development:

    1985

    antitank missile system eryx According to some experts, NATO, the classic anti-melee weapons, such as grenade launchers and LRAG Apilas does not satisfy the requirements for effectiveness. This is explained by the constant improvement of tanks, in particular, increase their agility and mobility, increased armor protection through the creation of new types of armor (composite, active, reactive).

    According to experts of the company "Aerospatiale" (France), high efficiency against tanks at small distances in the present conditions can only be achieved using guided missiles, designed specifically for this purpose. In improving the performance grenade reached the limit for increasing the range of effective action, especially on a moving target (300 m), increased armor penetration, reduced weight and dimensions.

    Firm "Aerospatiale" in 1981, a program was initiated creation ATGM, which should provide reliable defeat tanks with new types of armor at ranges up to 600 m in front of their movement speed to 45 km / h and have the possibility of its use of the spaces limited volume (during operations in settlements).

    New wearable

    antitank system, designated "Eryx", complements LAW "Milan" and HOT and is designed for offices and weapons platoons.

    One of the main challenges facing the developer was to provide an acceptable cost of the complex. This is achieved by optimizing the characteristics and design, selection of components and materials, the use of waste already standard parts and devices. Cost missiles "Eryx" is 1/3 the cost ATGM "Milan", and the value of PU is 7 times less than the cost of PU complex "Milan".

    Decision on the adoption of the complex by the army of France was adopted in 1985

    Composition

    antitank missile system eryx The complex consists of:

    rocket placed in a transport-launch container (TPK);

    starter (PU) with a homing device, mounted on a tripod-carriage.

    the trigger mounted: riflescope with 3-fold increase, IR goniometer matrix IR Coordinator goals and fast microprocessor. Matrix coordinator purpose company "Thomson-CSF" has a field of view 8 ° x 6 ° and is made on the CCD. For shooting night sight equipped LAW OB50 French firm "Sopelem" or sight with increased residual lighting. The complex is easily carried by one person.

    TPK made of plastic material, comprising: a transport container, power supply unit and docking with the ground equipment, lifting propulsion (TAL). The power supply is used pyrotechnic battery.

    missile guidance to the target automatically, the operator is only required to keep crosshair on target to meet with her rocket. ATGM "Eryx", equipped with a tracer on IR laser diodes is monitored during the flight instrument guidance PU and using remote control commands are automatically displayed on the line of sight. Commands are transmitted on board the rocket on wireline. PU allows firing from the "standing" or "tribe", and using the tripod machine can be firing from the "lying". After missile launch container is removed from the launcher, and instead set new TPC with a missile.

    Distinctive features

    complex "Eryx" are:

    tandem warhead missile equipment, effective in action on reactive armor, while the layout is based on non-conventional missile scheme: basic shaped charge 135 mm located in its rear, which provides optimal focal length of undermining (3.5 caliber) and its effectiveness on the target, and boosters - in front of the missile so that the nozzles are located near the center of gravity of the rocket that allows you to control missile using thrust vector with increased accuracy and maneuverability in close proximity to PU at low speeds rocket. Precharge tandem warhead is located in the head section of the missile, the jet stream of the main charge warhead at blasting passes through a special channel in the center of the engine;

    pointing device in the presence of the IR receiver of the goniometer and a CCD matrix, xenon tracking tracer IR laser diodes disposed in the aft missile operates in the wavelength range 0.9 microns, which improves the performance rocket fog, smoke and Interference;

    low initial velocity of the rocket (17-20 m / s) provided by the expelling of propulsion (TAL), installed in the transport and launch container and containing 80 grams of propellant, allows for the firing of the limited space, it is very important for fighting in an urban environment, the main solid-propellant motor starts at a safe distance for the operator (10 m);

    widespread use in the construction and hardware IP block ATGM microelectronic circuits.

    Pros

    ATGM "Eryx" compared with grenade launchers is to increase twice the range of the effective action and expanding the conditions of combat use in high probability of hitting a moving target with a side wind (up to 10 m / s) in the high potential further improvement. Chance to hit a moving target at maximum range is 0.86, at a fixed target - 0.9.

    missile has a built-in system monitoring the technical condition, allows you to quickly detect faults. Operator training simulator is made without the use of target practice. The control system is characterized by high noise immunity. When choosing the design of complex attention was paid to ergonomic characteristics.

    PERFORMANCE

    Range of fire

    25-600

    maximum flight speed, m / s

    280

    average flight speed (at a distance of 600 m), m / s

    158

    Muzzle velocity, m / s

    17-20

    Flight Time missiles at a range of 600 m, with

    3.8

    Time rocket flight over distances of 300 m, with

    2.6

    Overload at rocket launch, g

    30

    guidance system

    Command semi CLV IR goniometer CCD matrix detector.

    emitter board

    IR xenon laser diodes tracer

    wavelength range tracer, um

    0.9

    Propulsion

    VDU solid propellant sustainer +

    rocket length, mm

    895

    caliber rockets mm

    152

    TPK length, mm

    940

    The outer diameter of the WPK

    mm

    162

    weight complex with tripod, kg

    15.8

    Weight TPK with a missile, kg

    11.0

    Mass

    rocket kg

    9.8

    weight PU with a homing device and an optical sight, kg

    3.4

    weight tripod kg

    1.45

    Massa VDU charge, kg

    0.08

    Warhead

    Tandem cumulative

    maximum charge diameter, mm

    135 (main), about 25 (optional)

    Warhead weight, kg

    3.6

    Penetration, mm

    900 mm for DZ (normal, homogeneous steel plate)





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