chassis, helicopters, armored vehicles, portable
Office of wire
Chinese antitank missile system HJ-73 (Hong Jian -" Red Arrow ") refers to the first generation anti-tank guided missiles to weaponization People's Liberation Army of China (PLA). Unsuccessful attempts to develop their own anti-tank missile COMPLEX (ATRA) in China began in the 50s of the last century and extended over two decades. The situation changed in 1971. once in the hands of Chinese engineers were several samples Soviet ATGM 9K11 "Baby". A result of copying the system and became the first anti-missile system HJ-73, put into service in 1979.
HJ-73 is operated in the PLA as a portable set, and is also used to equip infantry fighting vehicles, light truck chassis and other media.
Over many years of service LAW HJ-73 repeatedly upgraded to increase armor penetration and combat effectiveness. The main directions of modernization were: improvement of missile guidance systems and warheads. Currently, the Chinese Foreign Trade Corporation "NORINCO" option offered HJ-73C with semiautomatic guidance system and tandem-shaped-charge warhead, providing overcoming dynamic protection. On the arms market in developing countries HJ-73C is a direct competitor LAW 9K11-2 "Baby-2", developed in KBM (Kolomna).
complex HJ-73 date, but continues to be a large number of armed ground and airborne units of the PLA, as well as special forces and promoted as a means to destroy lightly armored vehicles, bunkers and fortifications.
HJ-73 developed a set of new generation HJ-8.
HJ-73 complex comprising:
controlled solid-fuel missile,
antitank guided missile (ATGM) HJ-73 in its design identical to the prototype - 9M14 and consists of mating before start using special locks warhead and wing compartment. The missile is equipped with a solid-propellant booster and sustainer. On the outer surface of the housing ATGM mounted tracer. Control system - a single channel. Rocket mounted servos only one that moves the nozzle (deflectors) on two opposite oblique main engine nozzles. When this is carried out alternately pitch control and rate since the missile in flight rotates about the longitudinal axis with a constant angular velocity. For linking the angular position of the missile with the ground coordinate system is used with a mechanical gyroscope promotion undertaken by the start of the process tape. Fender flares in the transport position folded towards each other. For portable version of the complex carrying rocket launcher with a guide provided in Shoulder bag-knapsack. In a combat situation body suitcase, backpack warrants launcher.
HJ-73 - basic version of the complex, which is almost a complete copy of complex 9K11 "Baby".
HJ-73B - an improved version that gets semi-command guidance system (SACLOS).
HJ-73C - equipped with semi-automatic guidance system upgraded. ATGM equipped with new tandem warhead for the actions of reactive armor.
Semi-automatic control system
HJ-73B (HJ-73C) has an infrared missile tracking equipment and provides control commands on board the rocket on the wire. When applying rocket HJ-73B operator must keep the goal in sight until the end of the rocket, IR tracking system automatically keeps the rocket to the line of sight. Sights, optical guidance system equipment and infrared tracking system mounted in a separate control module. The control module can interface with four launchers located at a distance of 15m, and used for sequential control starting ATGM with these PU. Implementing of four PU and start-up takes 12-15min. When shooting at a distance less than 1000m possible guidance mode without using optical means. Missiles earlier versions may be used in the composition of ATRA HJ-73B (HJ-73C) manually (MCLOS) pointing mode.
Despite the significant increase in combat effectiveness of new variants of complex, HJ-73 largely retained deficiencies directly related to its design features characteristic of its prototype - 9K11. Among them, it should be noted: a high enough level of alert, severe restrictions near the affected area associated with the need to launch the rocket will start on the side of the line of sight is not enough high speed flight (flight time at a distance of 1500m - 12.5s, at a distance of 3000m - 25c).
Small weight, size and simplicity of design complex HJ-73 allows you to install it on a variety of media types from infantry combat vehicles and up to the light. So in the PLA ground forces operated propelled LAW WZ504, one based on the BMP Type-86 (WZ501), which is a copy of the Soviet BMP-1. On the same basis, and offered a more modern version, designated Type-86g. There is a variant of accommodation complex on the basis of floating BTR-85 Tour WZ506 (ZBD2000). Also developed different versions of self-propelled anti-tank complex based on easy car chassis (see photo).
Maximum firing range
minimum range, m
Rate of fire / min
- Length mm
- Case diameter mm
- Wingspan mm
- Starting weight, kg
- Airspeed, m / c
- Weight kg
- The transfer to the firing position
1 min 40