.

Antitank missile HOT

BACK NEXT
    Basing

    :

    chassis, Helicopter, Armoured

    management system:

    Office of wire

    Warhead:

    Tandem

    Application:

    Anti

    Country:

    France

    Range:

    4 km.

    year development:

    1974

    antitank missile system hot Heavy Franco-German anti-tank missile (ATGM)" HOT "(Haut subsonique Optiquement teleguide tire d'un Tube) is used to arm combat helicopters and organize self-propelled chassis. Developed by a consortium "Euromissile" (MBDA France and LFK) based LAW HOT and adopted in 1974.

    Complex "HOT" is designed to arm moving vehicles (cars, BPM, helicopters) and stationary underground installations (strongholds, fortified areas). The main features of the complex "HOT": compact, quick change elements of the complex in the case of their failure, automatic loading, high rate of fire, large ammo missiles.

    LAW "HOT" is capable of hitting targets highly mobile, mounted on vehicles of different classes of armored and unarmored, on platforms, platforms and helicopters provides the conduct of hostilities in both offensive and a defensive battle, firing at a distance of up to 4000m. In defense of ATRA is able to destroy the enemy tanks before they open fire and defend against enemy air attacks by helicopters and aircraft flying at low altitudes.

    complex repeatedly modernized and adapted to various media. Various modifications of the complex were exported widely - currently LAW "HOT" is in service with the armies of 19 different countries. Since the start of series production was released about 85 thousand missiles, 820 self-propelled anti-tank systems and is equipped with a set of about 720 combat helicopters. Since 1998. manufacturer offers the last option that gets obozachenie "HOT-3".

    Composition

    The complex consists of:

    ATGM,

    trigger,

    automated control equipment

    equipment to verify proper operation and maintenance of missiles.

    Rocket (see diagram) consists of a two-stage solid propellant (kickoff and marching) warhead, with elements of the autonomous compartment guidance system and stabilizers. Warhead missiles (weight 6 kg) includes a shaped charge (weight 3 kg), a pyrotechnic fuse instantaneous, electric detonator, triggered by deformation of the front tip almost any angle and meeting safety device, which comes into effect when the rocket will fly from the UE 30 -50 m Start the engine, which runs along the axis of the main engine gas pipe has a 4 side obliquely arranged nozzle accelerates ATGM on a trajectory to 260 m / s in less than 1 s after the start. Marching has thrust equal to 500kgs.

    Autonomous control module includes a missile:

    thermopile, providing electricity to board the rocket and begin to act by triggering the pyrotechnic switch, which is at the same time fuse when storing missiles in stock in 5 years;

    decoder, perceiving and amplifies the signals pointing system, transmitted by wire, processing and transmitting them to the elements, changing the thrust vector to correct the trajectory of missiles and rockets providing stabilization in flight;

    modulated stabilizer that performs control functions after the missile launch as long as it has not yet gained the necessary speed;

    gas jet control device designed to keep the rocket on the line of sight by means of a gas jet on the handlebars, the effect of which synchronously with the rotation of the rocket;

    coil (mounted on the pipe main engine) with a wire that transmits control commands. Wire during missile flight winds off the spool;

    IR signaling system consisting of day (with a very bright flame) and night (with less intense flame) tracers.

    rocket is made of plastic transport and launch container (TPK), reinforced with fiberglass. Operator induces crosshair on the target and presses the start button. In this series, a very short time, activated thermopile, runs gyroscope ignited tracer goes into effect starting the engine and rocket leaves TPK. After the passage of 30-50m from the UE and the fuse blows fuse cocked; less than 1s rocket picks up speed of 250 m / s (this trajectory speed supported by the main engine thrust). Operator continuously keeps the crosshairs of the optical sight on the target. IR tracking system keeps a rocket to the line of sight. If you deviate from the line of sight missile electronic equipment generated commands are transmitted by wire to board the rocket. The commands are decoded on board and transmitted to the device controlling the thrust vector. All operations on the target missile guidance are performed automatically.

    developed the following options as part LAW rocket "HOT"

    "HOT-2" (1985) with a HEAT warhead. Caliber warhead has been increased from 136 to 150 mm, in applied new warhead explosives (OCTOL) weighing 4.1kg, which increased armor.

    "HOT-2" with a multi-purpose warhead, designed to deal with different purposes and has finished as damaging elements - steel balls arranged around a shaped charge, as well as chemical components for incendiary.

    "HOT-3" (1998) features a new interference-bispectral equipment maintenance, operating in the range of 1 to 10MK. Warhead - tandem to shoot the precharge that provides an increase in the time delay between undermining charges to overcome dynamic protection. Warhead equipped with a laser blaster.

    For maintenance complex provides spare parts of three types: ZIP 1st tier is designed to test if the PU method "works", "not working". Rocket packed in an airtight container-tube does not require inspection before launch; ISP 2 and third tier is designed for installation and adjustment of the axis of validation infrared tracking system and axis direction starting from the optical line of sight, as well as verification of the system components to replace them. APP is transported on a conventional car-terrain vehicles used in military units.

    for preparation and training operators complex "HOT" used school equipment, consisting of shooting simulators simulating flight missile and its contact with moving or stationary targets (targets) of different shapes and installed at different distances. To control the accuracy of targeting and identifying errors quantities instructor used television installation.

    Complex "HOT" can be placed on a large number of military vehicles, ranging from light used in airborne troops to heavy tanks.

    antitank missile system hot

    Accommodation

    LAW "HOT" on helicopters provides a combination of high firepower, maximum mobility throughout the system and the optimal firing range (up to 4300m). In addition, due to the rise of the helicopter to a height of 10, 20 and even 30 meters permitted problem classes optimal position, usually occurs before the machine ground. Construction of the complex allows its use on different types of helicopters down to the lungs. No. PU installed on a helicopter depends on the model of the helicopter and can be 2.4 and 6. Complex "HOT", mounted on a helicopter BO-105 has a 6 PU (3 on each side) stabilized sight associated with IR tracking system. French SA.341F "Gazelle" with two missiles "HOT" on each side is in service since 1979. The guidance system is stable and is equipped with a sight mounted on the roof of the helicopter. Currently upgraded guidance system and can fire ATGM new "HOT-3", including at night. Modernized version received the designation "Gazelle HOT / Viviane". System "Viviane" developed "MBDA France" and has a sighting system with 19-fold and 38-fold digital zoom, providing a map of all the information on the display screen. LAW "HOT" is also a part of a new-helicopter "Tiger" Company "EADS / Eurocopter".

    French propelled LAW "Mephisto" is based on a wheeled armored vehicle VAB, on which a guided missile system designed for "HOT" set sighting and starter equipment. It includes a climbing platform armored circular rotation with four rails for launching missiles, periscope optical sight with variable magnification (3 - and 12-fold), control equipment, electric actuators for guidance and boeukladku eight ATGM "HOT-2" placed at the rear part of the crew compartment. To translate launcher platform in the stowed position goes down. In 1992. LAW "Mephisto" was upgraded by installing night reticle with infrared electro-optical converter (6x magnification), in 1997. - Adapted for use fail-safe equipment maintenance bispectral ATGM "HOT-3".

    German self-propelled anti-tank systems "Jaguar-1", which are equipped with anti-tank company of infantry brigades (12 launchers), is in service with the Bundeswehr in 1978 (total 316 units delivered). He is a self-propelled launcher "Jagdpanzer" on which is mounted sighting and starter equipment for firing anti-tank "HOT". The machine body is in front of the enhanced additional armor plate. Installed as side skirts. Sighting starting equipment includes executed in a single block variable magnification optical sight (4 - and 12-fold), and control equipment, as well as a compact turret, which arranged for eight mechanized boeukladka ATGM "HOT", sliding rail with relief device empty freight launch container and a mechanism for automatic loading. The rest of the ammunition (12 missiles) is placed in the fighting compartment installation. Due to the automatic charging of the complex rate reaches 3 rds. / Min. Propelled LAW "Jaguar-1" also armed with two 7.62 mm machine guns. One of them is in the ball joint near the driver, and the other - on the turret commander's cupola.

    Firm "GIAT Industries" designed twin tower "Lancelot" weighing 1.8t, with four runners for ATGM "HOT" and 7.62mm machine gun. The tower housed commander fighting machine and operator LAW. Option "Lancelot-3" is equipped with a laser rangefinder M-427. "Lancelot" includes optronic sighting system and infrared tracking system, has hydraulic drive and an automatic loader. At the disposal of the operator is sight M-509 with a 3-12 fold increase. Command uses a laser rangefinder and sight and 8.3-fold increase. Accommodate thermal sight for shooting at night. "Lancelot" can be mounted on the chassis "Jaguar", "Mowag-Piranha", the AMX-10.

    Firm "Euromissile" developed and produced for export universal PU "UTM 800" rotary type weighing 900kg, which can be mounted on any combat vehicle, allowing to place the shoulder straps diameter 800 mm (type "Pandar", VAB, etc. ). To be placed on light chassis type "VBL", "Wiesel" and others of the same company offered fire ATM module with the guides for the two missiles, equipped with all the necessary sighting system and a laser rangefinder. The module allows for the firing of rockets "HOT-2" and "HOT-3" and can be equipped with 20-mm cannon.

    German pilot propelled LAW "Panther" is based on four-wheel drive vehicle (8x8). On rising by 12.5 meters height mast equipped operator's cab with six ATGM "HOT", as well as sights. Additional ammunition consists of 12 missiles. Data on the adoption of this complex in service no.

    PERFORMANCE

    Range of fire

    75-4000

    maximum flight speed, m / s

    250

    average flight speed, m / s

    235

    Flight Time missiles at a range of 2,000 m, with

    9

    Time of flight range missiles at 4000 m,

    17.3

    Rate of fire. / min

    2-3

    rocket length, mm

    1270

    launch mass, kg

    29 ("HOT-1"), 32 ("HOT-2"), 33 ("HOT-3")

    Missile weight TPK kg

    32.6

    Warhead weight, kg

    6.5

    rocket length, mm

    1275 ("HOT-2") 1300 ("HOT-3")

    rocket diameter, mm

    136 ("HOT-1"), 150 ("HOT-2", "HOT-3")

    Penetration, mm

    1300 ("HOT-3")

    tests and operation

    During the war with Iran, Iraq used missiles "HOT", running them with ground armored vehicles and helicopters. In the 1980s. "HOT" was used in Lebanon, the Syrians have destroyed several Israeli tanks, such as the "Merkava". The complex is used by multinational forces during "Operation Desert Storm".





BACK NEXT TOP

Site is a private collection of materials and is an amateur informational and educational resource. All information is obtained from public sources. The administration does not apply for authorship of the materials used. All rights belong to their owners