antitank rifle Mauser T-Gewehr M 1918
merits of establishing the first anti-tank rifle (PTR) belong to Germany, because for the first time tanks were used against this state during the First World War. Faced with tanks in 1916, the German military command demanded engineers gunsmiths create a reliable means of antitank defense, simple and cheap to manufacture.
best option at that time was to create exactly the anti-tank rifle - a relatively mobile and easy to use anyone familiar grunt due to its similarity with the rifle. At minimum cost production, PTR had not less, if not equally efficient use than creating parallel with antitank guns. In addition, the relatively thin armor of tanks first allowed limited to large caliber rifle enough.
Open Shutter PTR Mauser T-Gewehr
(Clearly visible two lugs at the rear of
the available, along with two stops in front of)
in November. 1917 company «Mauser» received the task of designing anti-tank rifle, and already January 21, 1918 the first prototype of the new weapon was introduced command Kaiser's army.
Successfully passing military tests, it PTR Reichswehr adopted the (at that time the name of the Kaiser's army in Germany) under the symbol «Mauser Tankgewehr M 1918", which became better known as «Mauser T-gewehr» (as it was known under the names of 13 mm Tank Abwehr Gewehr M1918 or "elephant gun»).
PTR Mauser T-Gewehre M.1918 are, in fact, an increase of $ 98 Mauser rifle, fitted under the use of a powerful patron.
Weapons were singly charged, manual reset.
fragment PTR Mauser T-Gewehr
(Clearly visible window shutter with three holes to output
Excess powder gases from the chamber,
Fuse box behind the handle reloading
And pistol grip)
process Locking barrel by using the rotary longitudinal sliding bolt. Besides the two lugs in front of the gate there were two hooks on the rear of it (the rifle had a cylindrical plug with four instead of the usual stops for three stops Mauzerovskogo rifles - had to reinforce the gate, given the increased pressure of powder gases more powerful ammunition).
Sights simple, Open-type, adjustable to the distance of fire from 100 to 500 meters. Gun could conduct aimed fire at a range of up to 500 m with a practical rate of fire 6 rounds per minute.
Lodge was shortened handguard "half-length" with a pistol grip fire control.
To improve stability when shooting in front of the lodge was mounted detachable bipod bipod completely identical from a machine gun MG 08/15.
Sights PTR Mauser T-Gewehr
Any means to reduce the recoil felt by the shooter (such as cushioning the butt plate, muzzle brake, and the like) were absent.
Guns payment PTR usually consisted of two people.
antitank rifle Mauser T-gewehr was developed by using a special cartridge T-Patrone 13 mm caliber, created by the German company «Polte». His brass, bottle, with a gently sloping ramp sleeve length 92 mm, had a protruding rim with groove and contain nitrocellulose propellant charge weight '13 Pointed, with conical bottom part of the bullet weight 62.5 g, consisted of a bimetallic shell, lead and steel tempered shirts core.
Penetration PTR Mauser T-gewehr M.1918 bullet cartridge 13h92 mm for the time was quite sufficient: at a distance of 100 m - 26 mm to 200 m - 23.5 mm at 400 m - 21.5 mm; 500m 18mm, making this weapon formidable opponent for all types of tanks, especially in combination with relatively low weight (17.7 kg with bipod), allowing movement in combat, the possibility of masking and the ability to constantly be in combat the infantry, thus providing strong support for its anti-tank weapons melee. Shots were fired cartridge with armor-piercing bullet, able to penetrate armor, hitting a tank or armored vehicle crew shrapnel bullets and armor.
Mauser T-Gewehr M 1918
(With the shutter closed - and open the gate at the top - bottom)
Along with numerous advantages PTR Mauser had a number of major flaws, significantly reduces the combat capabilities of weapons to them were: bulkiness, lack of maneuverability determine guns, low rate and strong recoil. Rifle recoil was so sharp and strong that often the shooter got injured while shooting even overcoat planted under the butt. Arrows, subject to availability, changed places after 3-4 shots. Also unpleasant feature of the rifle barrel was the low resource - high pressure that affects the barrel of a gun, accelerating its deterioration.
Mauser T-Gewehr M 1918
Furthermore, especially ammunition firing need not created at any point in the housing, and aiming at the weak spots of the tank, namely, the tanks, an engine crew accommodations. Only in this case allowed the gun to stop a tank, or else destroy it. Very often the case that the bullet punching armor of any tank of those years at a distance of 300 meters, often do not cause him any harm. Core, unlike projectile had neither fragmentation nor explosive action and incendiary effect was weakly expressed. At sufficiently loose arrangement tank core could penetrate armor and did not damage any equipment or crew. This phenomenon has received even further its own name - the effect of MFR. And as itself armor penetration is not an end in itself, so had to shoot to hit the important core units or tank crew.
Despite this, it is worth noting that the main advantages of anti-tank rifle Mauser T-gewehr were simple design and low cost to manufacture, easy to operate and maintain. Therefore, in May 1918, has been launched mass production of these weapons, which lasted until the end of the First World War.
planned 30,000 units until the end of the war, German industry managed to produce 15,800 guns, of which in September 1918 in frontline units was 4632 MFR. Originally issued new weapons rate of 1 pc. per battalion, and in August of the same year, with an increase in their total, each infantry company had to get one rifle.
In late 1918, the company Mauser attempted to improve their PTR by mounting a single row under the gun shop five cartridges and equipping butt spring buffer (that was necessary, and probably borrowed from Russian rifles Ghana) but the gun and left Only in the experimental embodiment.
Calculation PTR Mauser T-Gewehr M 1918 while shooting
Anti-tank rifles Mauser T-Gewehr quite successfully used in the First World War in Germany on the Western Front against the British and French tanks until the end of hostilities, they are also used by a number of European countries in the interwar period.
| Caliber, mm || 13x92 SR |
| Length mm || 1680 |
| Barrel length, mm || 984 |
| Weight empty, kg || 17.7 |
| Rate of fire / min || 6 |
Distance / angle of incidence / piercing
| 100 m / 90o / 20 mm; |
300 m / 90o / 15 mm
ban imposed by the Versailles Treaty to develop, manufacture and use of new weapons systems, which were classified and anti-tank guns, however, did not prevent the Germans to be armed to the Reichswehr in 1932 MFR 1074 Mauser T-gewehr. In the prewar years, and the initial period of the Second World War, when the Wehrmacht received samples of modern anti-tank rifles, old PTR Mauser Model 1918 continued more actively used for training in the rear parts.
During WWII Mauser Tankgewehr briefly got a new birth. When the German army invaded the Soviet Union, the Red Army demanded a large number of anti-tank rifles. Since 1936, Soviet designers have proposed several designs, but none of them satisfied the military and was not ready for immediate production. In July 1941 it was decided to expand the production of the German anti-tank rifle Mauser sample 1918, recalibrated under Soviet 12.7-mm cartridge. Soviet anti-tank rifle had a copy of the muzzle brake and a powerful shock absorber on the butt. Celik had a grading from the markings on the 200,400 and 600 m Release antitank guns deployed at the Moscow Higher Technical School named. Bauman, where it was manufactured a few hundred copies. These anti-tank guns were used in the defense of Moscow. Soon Soviet industry has mastered the production of 14.5-mm anti-tank rifles and PTRD PTW then further issue copies Mauzerovskogo antitank rifle turned.
Soviet copy PTR Mauser T-Gewehr M 1918,
Launched in 1941
antitank rifle Mauser T-Gewehr M in 1918 was the first weapon of this class, which served as the starting point for the creation of such funds antitank defense in the first half of the twentieth century.