Sholokhov antitank rifle
Before the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet military leadership circles, the prevailing misconception that in the coming war potential enemy tanks will have frontal armor thickness of 60-80 mm. In this regard, the Red Army troops were not equipped infantry antitank defense means melee.
| Caliber, mm || 12.7h108 |
| Length mm || 1795 |
| Barrel length, mm || 1000 |
| Weight empty, kg || 16.6 |
| Rate of fire / min || 6 |
| Sighting range, m || 600 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / s || 860 |
| Penetration, |
(Distance / angle of incidence / piercing)
| 400 m / 90o / 15 mm |
C outbreak of hostilities on the territory of the USSR in June 1941, it became clear that the composition of armored and mechanized forces of Germany along with modern medium tanks, a large number of slabobronirovannyh light tanks and armored vehicles and armored personnel carriers.
outset of the Great Patriotic War was felt an acute shortage in mobile anti-tank weapons capable of acting directly in combat formations of infantry troops. In an extremely short time such a tool could be created only in the form of a classic anti-tank rifle.
As an interim measure in July 1941, engineer VN Sholokhov proposed to organize the production of anti-tank guns such as "sample Mauser 1918" converted chambered 12.7 × 108 mm. In the 1930s, the weapons produced in small quantities for testing in Tula 12.7 mm cartridge and NIPSVO (scientific testing ground small arms) in 1938 proposed to develop on this basis, magazine-MFI.
view controls PTR Sholokhov
antitank rifle was copied from an old German PTR «Mauser T-Gewehr» adding muzzle brakes, shock absorbers on the butt and installing light folding bipod.
View muzzle brake and front sight PTR Sholokhov
antitank rifle Sholokhov was singly charged, manual reset. Process of closing the trunk was carried out using a rotary longitudinal sliding bolt.
The barrel to absorb the recoil was mounted single chamber muzzle brake active type.
Sights simple, Open-type, adjustable to the distance of firing up to 600 meters. Celik had a grading from the markings on the 200,400 and 600 m Fly fastened in front with a muzzle brake.
Lodge was shortened handguard "half-length" with a pistol grip fire control.
To reduce the impact on his head butt had a shock.
To improve stability when shooting in front of the lodge mounted folding bipod.
antitank rifle Sholokhov was meant to deal with light tanks and armored vehicles at distances up to 400 meters. Also, a gun could fire on pillboxes and bunkers and pillboxes, disguised armor.
PTR Sholokhov using
for firing rifle cartridges used 12.7 × 108 mm armor-piercing incendiary bullets B-32 weighing 49 g and 64 mm long with tempered steel core and armor-piercing incendiary bullets BS-41 weighing 54 g and 51 mm long with a core of tungsten alloy. Initial velocity bullets was respectively 870 and 850 m / s. 12.7 mm cartridges with armor-piercing bullet allowed in the 400 meters armor penetration of 15 mm. Could be applied and the other cartridges with bullets from the ANC - B-30, BZT.
antitank rifles in July 1941, was organized in the workshops of the Higher Technical School named after Bauman Moscow, and then - in the OKB-16, which was made a few hundred copies. These anti-tank guns were used in the defense of Moscow.
Despite a number of positive qualities, this weapon has insufficient armor penetration. So early as 1942, when there was mass production of more sophisticated models antitank guns 14.5mm (PTRD and PTSD), their production was discontinued.
Sholokhov antitank rifle