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Ballistic missile submarines R-29RM (SS-N-54)

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    Basing

    :

    Submarine

    management system:

    management software

    Warhead:

    spetsboepripasov

    Application:

    Strategic

    Country:

    Russia

    Range:

    8300 km.

    year development:

    1986

    ballistic missile submarines R-29RM (SS-N-54) In 1979, KB Academician Vladimir Makeev began work on designing a new intercontinental ballistic missile R-29RM (SS-N-54, 3M37 ) complex is D- 9RM . In setting its design was determined by the task to create a missile with intercontinental range, capable of hitting small-sized protected ground targets. Development of the complex has been focused on achieving the best possible performance characteristics with limited modification of the submarine project. Tasks were resolved development of the original three-stage rocket with the combined scheme tanks last march and battle stages, using an engine with maximum performance, improved technology of rockets and characteristics of the materials used, the increase in size and launch mass by volume per launcher at their joint arrangement missile submarine mine.

    significant number of new missile systems was taken from previous versions, the R-29R. This reduced the cost of the rocket and reduce development time. Testing and flight tests were conducted on the well-established pattern in three stages. On the first used models of rockets launched from plavstenda. Then began the joint flight tests of missiles from the ground stand. At the same time with 16 starts, 10 of which were successful. At the final stage used type submarine K-51 "Name of the XXVI Congress of the CPSU" 667BDRM.

    Missile D-9RM with rocket R-29RM was adopted in 1986. Ballistic missiles R-29RM of the D-9RM armed SSBN Ave 667BDRM type "Delta-4." The last boat of this type of K-407 was commissioned February 20, 1992. Total Navy received seven missile 667BDRM. At the moment they are in the battle of the Russian Northern Fleet. Each of them is located at 16 launchers RSM-54 with four nuclear warheads on each missile. These ships are the backbone of the naval component of the strategic nuclear forces. Unlike previous versions of the family 667 boats 667BDRM can produce launch in any direction relative to the rate of motion of the ship. Underwater launch can occur at depths up to 55 meters at a speed of 6-7 knots. All missiles can be launched in one salvo.

    From 1996 production of missiles RSM-54 was discontinued, but in September 1999, the Russian government decided to resume production of the modernized version of the RSM-54 "Blue" at the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant. The principal difference between this machine from its predecessor is that it has changed the sizes of steps, identified 10 nuclear units independently targetable increased protection against electromagnetic pulse installed missile defense penetration aids. This missile has incorporated a unique system of satellite navigation and computational complex "Malachite-3", which was intended for the ICBM "Bark".

    On the basis of the R-29RM created booster "Calm 1" bombarded with a mass of 100 kg. Using it for the first time the world with submarine was launched artificial satellites. The start was done from a submerged position.

    the west range was designated SS-N-23 "Skiff".

    Composition

    ballistic missile submarines R-29RM (SS-N-54) The R-29RM three-stage, in-line steps, executed by the" compacted "scheme. As the main engines used on all levels "drowned" in the LRE tanks with high traction characteristics. In front of the rocket placed the instrument compartment with a control system, including hardware celestial flight path by measuring the coordinates of navigation stars, radio correction apparatus according to the exchange of information with navigation satellites and warheads.

    missile body is made of all-welded aluminum-magnesium alloy. For docking with the rocket launcher rocket tail portion is provided with a support bandage-power adapter. When starting rocket adapter remains on the launch pad. First-stage engine (see photo) consists of two units: the main (single chamber) and steering (quad). Control efforts in the channels of pitch, yaw and roll is provided by turning the steering unit of the combustion chambers. Link first stage rocket engine - 100t.

    Housing

    second stage consists of an oxidizer tank, connected to the body of the first stage, and the fuel tank, front bottom which is designed as a conical recess used to organize combat units and third-stage engine. The engine of the second stage, single chamber, its basic units are located in the oxidizer tank of the first stage, efforts to control pitch and yaw channels are created by rotating the combustion chamber, mounted on gimbals, and via heel - heel unit.

    third stage engine, single chamber. Control efforts in the third stage for all channels are dual-mode engine breeding warheads, which works in conjunction with third-stage engine. Third stage propulsion and warhead combined into a single assembly with a total tank system (see photo).

    Separation

    first and second, second and third stages carried elongate charge detonating system.

    head part - four - and desyatiblochnaya with individual guidance units. The equipment of high-explosive missile warhead with a mass of about 2000 kg of explosives intended for precision strikes in non-nuclear conflict. Input a word is also the possibility of weapons missiles YABCH svermalogo caliber (TNT equivalent to 50 m), designed for "surgical strikes." Breeding area warheads - arbitrary and variable energy. Under START-1 missiles R-29RM set only chetyrehblochnye MIRV.

    Precision control system in addition to hardware equipment has astrocorrection flight trajectory correction system for navigation satellites "Hurricane" and provides CWE when firing at maximum range of about 500 m is possible to use different types of trajectories to the minimum and intermediate range.

    Compared with R-29R rocket diameter slightly increased, but the diameter of the shaft at NPBMS not increased. Combat effectiveness as compared to R-29R has increased markedly. Expanded conditions of combat use of rockets by allowing the use of the high Arctic. R-29RM is not inferior and heavy rocket PKK CH 941 project. While its starting weight of more than 2 times less than the P-39 , with the same firing range.

    ballistic missile submarines R-29RM (SS-N-54)

    RSM-54 - the best ballistic missile in the world energomassovomu perfection. This term designers understand the ratio of the mass of the payload to its ballistic missile launch weight given to a single range. For example, if the machine throws the weight of one warhead at a distance of 8000 kilometers, the solutions for the same problem at a distance of 10 thousand kilometers need to reduce the weight of the payload. If we evaluate our rocket on this indicator, the RSM-54 has 46 units. This is better than the American sea-based ballistic missiles "Trident-1" and "Trident-2" with energomassovy figure 33 and 37.5 units, respectively.

    PERFORMANCE

    starting weight, t

    40.3

    Maximum

    throws weight, kg

    2800

    Maximum range, km

    8300

    Weapon Accuracy at maximum range (CWE), m

    500

    Number of steps

    3

    Missile length

    14.8

    diameter of the first and second stages of the rocket, m

    1.9

    diameter third stage rocket, m

    1.85

    tests and operation

    ballistic missile submarines R-29RM (SS-N-54) August 6, 1991 at 21 hours 07 minutes was carried out simultaneous firing full ammo RSM-54 submarine 667BDRM. The operation was code "Behemoth". In order to reduce costs for the operation was planned combat training for the crew of the submarine and normal flight only two missiles. Missiles launched in a volley first and last, had to perform a complete flight program and get to set the aiming point. The remaining missiles involved in the volley, had to start all respects fully comply combat missiles, but the height of their flight could be arbitrary. To carry out a volley full ammunition was isolated submarine "Novomoskovsk" (commander of the boat SV Egorov) and 16 RSM-54, manufactured by the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant. Start-up was successful, so far no one in the world could not repeat firing full ammo.

    June 5, 2001 SSBN 667BDRM Northern Fleet (commander - captain Michael Bannikh) made a successful launch of a ballistic missile from the Barents Sea. The launch was carried out from underwater Polozani. Head of the rocket at a given time hit its target on the Kura test site in Kamchatka.





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