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Coast antiship complex Redoubt

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    Basing

    :

    chassis

    management system:

    Radar GOS

    Warhead:

    spetsboepripasov

    Application:

    anti

    Country:

    Russia

    Range:

    460 km.

    year development:

    1963

    coastal antiship complex redoubt Coast antiship operational and tactical missile complex second generation" Redoubt "was developed under the direction of M. Chelomeya OKB-52 in accordance with the USSR CM Resolution № 903-378 August 16, 1960 at Task based anti-ship missile P-35. The system is designed to destroy surface ships of all types. Launch Onshore received index P-35B.

    Launcher created on the basis of a four-ZIL-135K (after the transfer of the chassis serial production in Bryansk - BAZ-135MB). The head developer of the complex control system "Redoubt" was NII-10 (Institute of "Altair"). Marching turbojet rocket designed by OKB-300.

    flight tests P-35B began in the fall of 1963. CM Resolution № 631-202 on August 11, 1966 complex "Redoubt" accepted for service. In the Baltic re-10th Regiment separate coastal missile complex "Redoubt" began in 1972. The regiment was renamed in 1216-th separate coastal missile battalion (OBRD). November 1, 1974 1216-th OBRD was reformed in 844 minutes UBW. The Northern Fleet 501st separate coast missile regiment stationed on the peninsula Rybachi rearmed missiles "Redoubt" in 1971-1974. July 16, 1961 issued a decree on the re-shore stationary complexes "cliff" with missiles "Hill" to launch F-35B. First launch of the P-35B 362-m UBW in Balaclava was made May 30, 1971. Officially both Balaklava battalion equipped with missiles P-35B, were commissioned CM Resolution of 28 April 1973. Currently Ukraine Balaklava battalions transferred. Rearmament stationary complex on the island Kil'din (616 th UBW) was conducted in two stages: the first on the P-35B in 1976, and the second - in 1983.

    missile regiment of the Black Sea fleet, equipped with a set of "Redoubt" repeatedly switches from Crimea in Bulgaria on their own. There he held the positions from which to fire district could Dardanelles and the Aegean Sea.

    In 1974, based on the P-35 started developing an ZM44 "Progress." The main change in the rocket was a new in-flight guidance system with improved noise immunity and selectivity. For her new units were developed and onboard electric starter unit, providing better performance. Increased secrecy and invulnerability missiles at the approach to the goal by increasing the length of the final portion of the trajectory of lowering the flight on this site.

    The complex

    "Progress", compared with the P-35, were applied following new technical solutions:

    newly developed noise-free radar sight;

    introduced automatic translation rocket mode autonomous search and target selection in the absence of teams from the media;

    reduced altitude on the final trajectory 100-120 m to 20-40 m;

    length of the final segment increased from 20 km to 50 km;

    introduced logic autonomous target selection;

    increased number of missiles in a salvo of 16 when shooting with multiple carriers.

    After

    state tests in 1976-1977 the complex "Progress" was recommended to the adoption of ships and 58 projects in 1134, as well as coastal systems "Redoubt" and "Rock". Officially, the "Progress" was adopted in 1982. Production of missiles for coastal complexes was carried out from 1982 to 1987.

    About

    foreign versions of the complex or its production abroad not yet known. Likely to export a limited set, and the license to manufacture it in any country could not be transferred.

    U.S. DoD designation missiles - SSC-1B (Surface-to-Surface Cruise Type 1 second version), NATO designation - Sepal.

    Composition

    coastal antiship complex redoubt The complex includes:

    propelled launcher SDA-35B (STC-35B) (see diagram)

    missiles P-35B (3M44)

    machine control system with "The Rock" (4R45) and radars on a car chassis

    complex can receive target information from the Tu-95D, TU-16D, Ka-25TS (radar "Success")

    Organizational

    launchers complex grouped into battery 3 PU, five - six batteries (15 - 18 PU) constitute battalion 3rd Battalion, with the means to ensure account team (45 - 54 PU).

    According to the 1988 armed fleets consisted:

    Baltic Fleet - 6 battalions

    Black Sea Fleet - 5 battalions

    Northern Fleet - 3rd Battalion

    Pacific Fleet - 5 battalions

    Job

    complex (see scheme)

    On a technical position

    made training and loading the STC. The transition from traveling to combat - about 1.5 hours Launchers and other complex machines are promoted to the firing line to defend the coast. SDA position on the container sets into the firing position (elevation angle 20 deg.). Radar detects a target brigade complex, the target coordinates are passed to the battalion that accompanies goal and finds her identity through a system of "friend or foe". Thereafter, the control system selects PU for shooting and manufactures launch. At start-up rocket and started marching turbojet rocket starts with two boosters in the direction of the target. After the rocket from the container disclosed wing. With the help of solid propellant rocket launch is gaining speed and altitude. After running out of fuel discharged starting SRBs, working with rocket sustainer engine is reduced to a height of cruising. Inertial control system maintains the desired altitude, speed, direction of flight.

    After reaching the target area include active radar sight. Missile transfers to the attendant console radar picture goal. Operator assigns rocket goal GOS captures objective and directs the missile to the target.

    warhead fuze is initiated after the rocket hit the target.

    coastal antiship complex redoubt

    Benefits

    rocket complex "Redoubt" has a powerful warhead and a high cruising speed, which increases the chances of failure (break defense) one rocket or mnogoraketnym with several PU. Was in service at the moment complexes are likely to have a missile 3M44 "Progress" with improved performance characteristics. Due to long-range shooting battery complex "Redoubt" with external target designation can cover the coast stretching several hundred kilometers. High explosive or nuclear warhead allows incapacitate one rocket ship of any class.

    Disadvantages

    outdated missile has a relatively large size and weight, which is why STC carries only one rocket. STC is not autonomous and can not itself detect and bombard the target. Deployment time for complex large combat stance. Large range missiles poses problems with target designation.

    PERFORMANCE

    Rocket

    firing range, km

    25 - 270 - 460

    Cruising altitude missiles, m

    400/4000/7000

    Flight height in the terminal phase, m

    100

    marching flight speed, the number of M

    1,5

    Dive on goal, hail

    80

    deployment time with PU march min.

    not less than 30 min.

    Dimensions, m:

    - length

    9,45 (9,75; 9,88; 10)

    - wingspan

    2,6

    - Width with folded wings

    1,544

    - max. diameter of the body

    1,0

    - height

    1,5

    Weight empty rocket kg

    2330

    launch mass, kg.

    4500

    Warhead

    -explosive or nuclear

    Warhead weight, kg

    ~ 1000

    Power nuclear warhead, kT

    350

    Type

    start

    inclined from the container, the angle of 20O

    Controls

    aerodynamic handlebars

    guidance system

    INS + active radar sighting

    Sustainer engine

    THD

    Fuel

    Kerosene

    Start engine

    Two SRBs

    Thrust, kgf

    2 x 30 000

    Hours starting the engine with

    2

    LAUNCHER

    type

    propelled wheel

    Axels

    8 x 8

    Mounted on the chassis

    ZIL-135K (BAZ-135MB)

    weight PU kg

    21,000 (approx. 18,000)

    Dimensions in marching position, m:

    - length

    13,5 (11,5)

    - width

    2,86 (2,8)

    - height

    3,53 (3,0)

    Maximum speed km / h

    40

    Range, km

    500

    Combat Crew.

    5

    tests and operation

    According to various sources besides Russia complex "Redoubt" is on the coastal parts of the arms of the following countries:

    Syria - 1st Battalion (18 STC)

    Yugoslavia - a few batteries

    About

    combat use complex "Redoubt" not yet known.

    Complex "Redoubt", despite its shortcomings, is still a powerful weapon coastal units.





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