Complex M-22 Hurricane



    surface ships

    management system:

    Office for radio








    25 km.

    year development:


    complex m-22 Hurricane

    Ship Missile multi-purpose medium-range M-22 "Hurricane" is intended for air defense ships protected by a cover vehicles and personal protection ship carrier from attacking simultaneously from different directions anti-ship missiles and aircraft.

    Development antiaircraft missile complex M-22 "Hurricane" for the Soviet Navy was launched by Decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of 13 January 1972 in the NGO "Altair" (chief designer GN Volgin ). This Regulation was also given the development of army air defense system 9K37 "Buk". Complexes "Hurricane" and "Beech" unified by anti-aircraft guided missile.

    In 1983 SAM Navy M-22 was adopted by the SAM with 9M38.

    complex mounted on Soviet destroyers like "Modern" (Project 956). From 1985 to the present time, it was built 16 ships of this class, as well as after 2000 2 destroyers for the Navy of China.

    Two launchers MS-196 SAM M-22 are, respectively, in the fore and aft parts of the ship immediately after gun mounts AK-130-MR184. Ammunition missiles - 48 pieces.

    exported ship SAM "Hurricane" is marketed under the name " Calm "

    further development of this complex became SAM "Hedgehog", a unified army air defense system "Buk-M2" by SAM 9M317.


    complex m-22 Hurricane

    Ship aircraft missile system "Hurricane" has its radar to detect targets, as in the opinion of the designers create a system of detection, backup ship's main station, will lead to unreasonably high labor costs and weight and dimensional characteristics of the complex. Therefore, the information "Hurricane" from the ship's three-axis receives radar detection and targeting, thereby reducing the response time (from detection to launch gathering) to 6c.

    Ship Management System LA-90 operates on the set on the mainmast generic detection radar MR-700 ("Fregat-M"). Coordinates of all targets detected coming into the control unit on the Olympics 5TS (breeder air information). Spotlights illuminating radar targets (OP-3) (see photo), two extrapolation purposes (T-14), the unit distribution purposes (OK-10VP), TV (RT-10), the fire control unit (GC-10) and other - that's quite a complex chain of transmission of the primary radar information to the rocket itself. Theoretically, the control station can provide support 24 goals and 19 fire (if the ship corresponding number teleopticheskih reticles and spotlights illuminate), but in practice, these figures are 12 and 6 goals respectively.

    The system control system includes devices for information display and fire control, digital computing system, lighting system and the system objectives television reticles. Radioprozhektory illumination system located on ship superstructures in such a way to be able to simultaneously use their maximum in either direction.

    SAMs 9M38/9M38M1 performed using a dual-mode solid propellant (total work time - about 15 seconds), normal aerodynamic scheme with "X" Adult wings of small aspect ratio. In front of the rocket placed consecutively in semi-active seeker, autopilot equipment, power supplies and warhead. To reduce the spread of alignment time flight solid propellant combustion chamber is placed closer to the middle of the rocket nozzle block and includes an elongated flue, around which there are elements of the steering gear. Rocket has not jettisoned in flight parts. Designed for missiles with a combined new GOS control system. The complex was sold homing SAM using proportionate navigation. Contact undermining warhead used when firing at surface targets.

    complex m-22 Hurricane

    Rocket develops flight speed of 1200 m / s and can maneuver with overloads up to 19 units.

    antiaircraft guided missile ships to the fleet in fiberglass shipping container, fully ready for combat without checks on-board equipment, and does not require routine maintenance for a long service life (10 years) in all climatic zones.

    Rocket comes semiactive homing autopilot, active-pulse and contact fuzes fragmentation warhead, dual-mode solid engine and turbo-generator and gas drives running at a hot gas. In order to maximize the use of missiles and expansion of the affected area of the complex uses information transmitted on board the rocket through the radio correction. Signal reception radio correction rocket flight has a special channel for receiving and processing the information received.

    Time to prepare a missile launch from the moment of detection of the target in just 16 seconds. Serve all SAM, depending on its modification, up to two dozen people who basically only control the operation of systems. Familiar to all button "Start" button on the remote command device "calm" no. People only informs a computer of the need to start, can you tell how many missiles release at the target, and the rest - the calculation of the course objectives, its trajectory, and the time point of approach to defeat the computer takes over, as well as the subsequent destruction of the attacking ships or aircraft missiles . Thus it monitors simultaneously the objectives to 12 starts and generates missile intervals of 3 to 12 seconds, depending on a combat mission and modifications complex

    launcher MS-196 deck the induced, easel type with one launcher and lower beam suspension rocket. The drum-type storage device with two concentric rows of vertically spaced guides 24 for fastening the missile. Weight without missiles launcher - 30t. Area of 5.2 x 5.2 cellars, depth 7.42m. Launcher developed in KB "Start" (formerly GKBKM) chief designer AI Yaskin.

    system provides stable operation at any time, in any weather and sea state up to 5 points.

    One of the main properties of the structure of the complex became almost complete invulnerability all its basic systems. During combat compartments with control equipment can even burn exposed to mechanical damage - shards of rockets and shells, partially flooded, but SAM will continue to work.


    The affected area, km:
    - At an altitude of 1 km
    - At a height of 25m

    25 km

    area altitudes objectives, m

    10 - 15.000

    number of simultaneously engaged targets



    area fire

    about 360

    Maximum Target speed m / s


    average flight speed Zour, m / s



    rocket kg


    Warhead weight, kg


    hitting target zone radius, m


    rocket length, mm


    Diameter missiles mm


    span rudders mm


    Ammunition, missiles

    24 - 96

    reaction time (while on duty), with

    16 - 19

    dvuhraketnym volley kill probability (including reliability):
    - Plane
    - RCC

    0.81 - 0.96
    0.43 - 0.86


Site is a private collection of materials and is an amateur informational and educational resource. All information is obtained from public sources. The administration does not apply for authorship of the materials used. All rights belong to their owners