In the early 70s, given the real possibility of efficient methods for jamming potential enemy command and control means SRF became very urgent task guaranteed its combat orders from the highest levels of management (the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces, Department of RVSN) to command and separate strategic missile launchers, standing on alert in case of an emergency.
The idea to use for this purpose in addition to the existing communication channels dedicated team rocket equipped with a powerful radio transmitter device that runs at a particular period and gave the command to start all the missiles that are on duty throughout the territory of the USSR.
Development of a special command
missile system, dubbed "Perimeter" was given "Southern" USSR government decree N695-227 dated 30 August 1974. The base was originally supposed to use rocket missile MR UR100 (15A15), then stopped at a rocket MR UR100 UTTH (15A16). Modified in terms of the missile control system received index 15A11.
In December 1975
. preliminary design was completed command missiles. Rocket sets special warhead, which had index 15B99, includes original radio systems design bureau LPI. To ensure the conditions of its functioning warhead in flight was to have a constant orientation in space. A special system of its calming, orientation and stabilization has been developed using cold compressed gas (including experience in developing control to SPH "Lighthouse"), which significantly reduced the cost and time of its creation and refinement. Making SPH 15B99 was organized by the NGO "Boom" in Orenburg.
After ground testing of new technical solutions in 1979. began LCI command missiles. On the NIIP-5 and 176 and 181 sites were commissioned two experimental mine PU. In addition, on-site 71, a special command post, equipped with newly developed unique command and control equipment for remote control and command launch missiles at the orders coming from the higher echelons SRF. At a special technical position in the housing assembly was built shielded anechoic chamber, fitted with equipment for offline scan radio.
flight tests 15A11 (see layout scheme) conducted under the leadership of the State Commission, headed by Lieutenant-General Vladimir Korobushin, First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Strategic Missile Forces.
first launch missiles 15A11 command with an equivalent transmitter was successfully held on December 26, 1979. Were tested developed sophisticated algorithms conjugation of all systems involved in the start-up, the possibility of providing the desired flight path missile warhead 15B99 (top path at an altitude of 4000km, 4500km range), the work of all MS office systems in normal mode, confirmed the correctness of the adopted technical solutions.
In flight tests was given 10 missiles. In connection with the successful launch and implementation of the tasks the State Commission found it impossible to be satisfied with seven starts.
During testing system "Perimeter" were held real missile launches 15A14, 15A16, 15A35 with fighting objects on the orders passed SPH 15B99 in flight. Preliminarily PU these missiles were installed additional antennas and installed new receptors. These refinements subsequently underwent all PU and command centers RVSN.
launcher 15P716 - mine, automated, highly protected, such as "OS".
Along with flight tests were conducted ground checking of the entire complex under the impact of factors affecting the nuclear explosion at the site of the Kharkov Physico-Technical Institute, in testing laboratories VNIIEF (Arzamas) for nuclear Novaya Zemlya. Tests have confirmed the efficiency of equipment and SU RNG at exposure levels of a nuclear explosion, is larger than the TTT MO.
Even during flight tests by government decree was tasked to expand the functions to solve a range missile command, bringing with military orders not only to objects SRF and missile strategic submarines, aircraft and long-range naval missile-carrying aircraft on the ground and in air command and control Strategic Missile Forces, Air Force and Navy.
LCI command missiles were completed in March 1982. In January 1985. complex put on combat duty. For more than 10 years of complex command missiles successfully fulfill its important role in the state's defenses.
Under the agreement, the START-1 in June 1995. complex missile command was withdrawn from combat duty.
In creating complex
attended by many enterprises and organizations of various ministries and departments. The main ones are: "Impulse" (VI Melnik), NGOs AP (NA Pilyugin), LACA (AF Utkin) TSKBTM (BR Aksyutin) MNIIRS (A. P . Bilenko) VNIIS (BJ Osipov), CDB "Geophysics" (GF Ignatiev), NII-4 MO (EB Volkov).