Complex missile defense THAAD




    management system:










    200 km.

    year development:


    complex missile defense thaad To resolve the zonal system in theater missile defense (TMD) in 1996 at the site White Sands (New Mexico) was deployed combat scoring system consisting of two battalions of anti-missile systems on the program "THAAD" (Theatre High Altitude Area Defense).

    Generalnyypodryadchikfirma "Lockheed Missiles & Space Co".

    Plan a missile defense system in the theater called for execution of works in three steps:

    the first stage (1993-1995) the main efforts were focused on completing the upgrade and testing SAM "Patriot". This system is capable of destroying ballistic missiles at ranges of up to 40 km and at altitudes of about 20 km. Further improvement of the complexes "Patriot" PAC-3 missiles cvyazyvaetsya using "Erint", with high accuracy.
    To defend marine units from tactical missile strikes planned completion of the modernization SAM "Improved Hawk" with a new radar AN/TPS-59.
    Cover coastal VD from missile attacks assigned to the ship upgraded SAM "Aegis", using SAM "Standard-2".
    In addition, being modernized command and control system, which has limited ability to detect, processing and transmitting data about the launch of ballistic missiles and the calculation of their trajectories. For this purpose, the system has been improved tactical information processing and communication so that she was able to use the data space detection system "Imeyus." Retrieve information from it, as well as data allow detection of air flow with greater accuracy to calculate the starting point of the flight path, the expected impact point of ballistic missiles and transmit the necessary information on the radar missile systems. Have been undertaken to modernize the ship SPY-1 radar, which should ensure the detection and tracking of ballistic missiles, as well as assets belonging to the Air Force Management System ("Awaks" and "Dzhistar").

    complex missile defense thaad

    The second phase (1996-1999) the main efforts were focused on the development and testing of complex defense "THAAD" and the creation of zonal defense, which will minimize the damage in the event of enemy ballistic missile attack with nuclear, chemical or biological weapons. Mobile missile complex "THAAD" designed nA defeat ballistic missiles at ranges of up to 200 km and an altitude of 150 km. With it will be created the first line of the zonal missile defense, and using SAM "Patriot" with interceptor missiles "Erint" - the second. Specifications of the "THAAD" allow him to fire consistently one ballistic missile interceptor missiles on the principle of two "start - score - start", ie start the second missile will be carried out, if the first did not hit the target. In case of a miss in the second missile deistvie introduced SAM "Patriot", which from the radar GBR will arrive broken through targeting of a ballistic missile. According to U.S. experts probability of hitting a missile defense system will dvuheshelonovoy 0.96 more .. Conducted research on the possibilities for accommodation missiles "THAAD" ships to fight promising ballistic missiles. Also to be launched space system "Brilliant Aes" to detect launches of ballistic missiles and support.

    The third phase (after 2000) provides for the completion of the prospective SAM "Corpus SAM", intended to replace the main SAM "Improved Hawk".


    complex missile defense thaad

    antirockets consists of a warhead and motor. The only (separate) stage - solid booster. The missile is equipped with thrust vector control and gas-dynamic spoilers in the bow. Spoilers start working shortly after launch and provide control while driving.

    intermediate compartment connecting boosters with a warhead contains a pyrotechnic composition which explodes boosters separated from the warhead.

    warhead missiles - a highly maneuverable interceptor direct hit "Kill Vehicle" (Destroying device). This part of the rocket - technically sophisticated device that looks, then captures and destroys the target, using only the kinetic energy of the high-speed impact. Special cowl covers for atmospheric interceptor portion of the flight. This is necessary to reduce aerodynamic drag and window protection seeker from aerodynamic heating. One of the main features of the interceptor - gyrostabilized infrared homing head with sapphire window system and spatial orientation (DACS) , which ensures precise maneuvering rockets on the trajectory.

    complex missile defense thaad

    The composition of each division include:

    radar detection and tracking of ballistic targets like GBR (Ground Based Radar),

    control point BM/C41,

    launchers (4 pieces),

    missile "THAAD" (60 pieces).

    BM/C41smontirovan control point on the multipurpose wheeled chassis and can function as a tactical control point division TOS (Tactical Operation Station) and paragraph fire control launcher LCS (Launcher Control Station). In the configuration of LCS control unit provides for the exchange of information with other LCS and transmission of information in TOS. Each battery has a few control points BM/C41. Interchangeability provides multiple redundant fire control system that increases the combat stability of the complex as a whole.

    multifunction radar GBR solves the problem of detection, tracking, identification and classification purposes, as well as missile guidance to the target in the initial phase of the trajectory. For GBR radar is an active phased array X-band in the area with the antenna blade about 10-15 m2 and the number of elements around 24,000.

    Osoboe account when developing PPH "THAAD" refers to the possibility of its rapid deployment and redeployment. To significantly reduce the weight of the equipment used in its production technology and advanced microelectronics. Thus, if the relocation of two battalions of S "Patriot" in Saudi Arabia during the war in the Persian Gulf took 73 departure of the aircraft C-5A, 123 Flight C-141 aircraft, 14 ships and 23 civilian marine vessel, then transfer two divisions PPH "THAAD" need only 50 aircraft flown C-141.


    rocket length, mm


    The maximum diameter of the missile body, mm


    Starting weight, kg


    Weight of warhead, kg




    Maximum height of defeats the purpose, km


    PU Height, m


    PU Length, m


    tests and operation


    complex began April 21, 1995 at White Sands proving ground and continued with varying success until 1999.

    Among recent successful tests should be run ninth 1999goda March 29, demonstrated the functionality of the complex as a whole. During this flight, despite the failure of the system of spatial orientation of the interceptor 23 seconds into the flight and the discontinuation of telemetry data on 58 second interceptor was in close proximity of the target missile "Hera".

    The tenth test launch June 10 1999goda was first successfully intercepted a target missile simulating BPCS and confirmed the technical feasibility of such interception.

    August 2, 1999 at the eleventh test intercepted target, simulating separates the head of ballistic missiles of the SCUD, in the upper atmosphere.


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