In the second half of the 1970s the company GIAT Industries started the development of a new hand-held antitank grenade launcher and grenades cumulative.
As a result, in the early 1980s was created RPG disposable APILAS (Armor-Piercing Infantry Light Arm System).
In 1984 grenade APILAS adopted the French army, and its production has been established in the company MATRA Manurhin (Vichy, France).
Grenade consists of devices starting with the bore smooth and placed it in the factory rocket. Trumpet of the trigger is made of fiber-reinforced and covered with plastic covers on both sides, providing its tightness.
On the tube shock absorbers are two front handle cover elektrospuskovogo mechanism, shoulder rest and two folding reflector to protect the face. All these devices are made of plastic.
Food electrical trigger mechanism is powered by two lithium batteries installed in easily replaceable container (they should be checked every 5 years). Batteries included with push switch, protects splint. About the beginning of their operation control light signals.
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trigger and safety mechanisms of closed elastic casing, which is located under the push button lock (it disconnects the electrical system for a shot) are located outside the fuse box and a mechanical trigger.
Grenade equipped APILAS day optical sight 3-fold increase. On the focal plate coated sight reticle corresponding shooting distances from 300 to 600 m and lateral amendments and rangefinder. In this case the setting of a standard passive night sight "Orion 80" firm ZEISS. The sight is equally easy to install on both the left and right side arms, so that it can be used as an arrow, right-handed and left-handed arrows. For this purpose, applied dual front handle and reflectors to protect the face, as well as appropriately placed grenade other mechanisms.
112-mm rocket grenade APILAS consists of a shaped-charge warhead and rocket motor. Warhead comprises a shaped charge and ballistic tip length of 3 caliber. It is equipped with an electric fuse, used for combat force cocking pressure of powder gases jet engine. He becomes cocked at a distance of 10-25 m from the starting device and acts at an angle of impact up to 80 °. A rocket engine combustion chamber is made of a fiber-reinforced, and nozzle - aluminum alloy. Around the nozzle mounted rotating stabilizer wings, which are arranged after the departure of the projectile out of the trigger. The corresponding shape of the nozzle and the wings attached slow rotational motion of the projectile (25 rev / s), the effect of improving the accuracy of shooting. Driving charge, which consists of nitroglycerin powder is burned during the motion of a projectile in the starting device (but just in case the person is protected arrow sofa reflector).
| Caliber, mm || 112 |
| Length, |
| Weight (total), kg |
| 9.0 |
| grenade Muzzle velocity, m / s || 293 |
| blank range, m || 500 |
| Effective range, m || 25 - 350 |
| Penetration, mm || 720 |
In order to make a shot from a grenade launcher, you need to remove the front cover of the trigger, and a reflector scope expanded to protect the face, remove the cotter pin, blocking the activation button batteries, and click on it. Then take aim, turn mechanical fuse box, forefinger to pull the fuse button and thumb - the trigger.
According to experts
APILAS pretty heavy antitank weapon (9 kg), but because of the high penetration, (armor - 720 mm, concrete - 2000 mm) grenade launcher was adopted by a number of countries, countries such as Belgium, Chile , Finland, Colombia, France, Italy, Jordan, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan.
By 2006, more than 120,000 were produced grenade APILAS.
shooters was launched production with training grenade shells, loose-barrel caliber 7.5 mm, as well as training grenade simulators and electronic firing.
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