Panzerfaust 30 kleine i>
grenade Panzerfaust (armor (tank) fist) - German grenade single use since World War II.
He replaces the hand grenades and used by German forces until the end of the war. One of its modifications (Panzerfaust 150) became the basis for the Soviet RPG-2 analog.
Panzerfaust 30 kleine
In terms i>
image of invincibility tanks compared with infantry faded with the advent of anti-tank rifles and Panzerschreck Ofenrohr, and finally ceased to exist after the August 1943 anti-tank grenade disposable "bazookas." This weapon firing rocket-propelled grenades were developed by designers of Leipzig "Hazag." Depending on the version of "bazookas," his rocket-propelled grenade hit the steel sheet with a thickness of 140 to 200 mm, and the pomegranate, and did not go into service "bazookas - 150 m" could penetrate the thick steel plate 280-320 mm.
Panzerfaust 30 i>
Development began in 1942 to increase the samples Faustpatrone. The result was designed Panzerfaust, a steel pipe of diameter 5 cm and length of 1 meter. Located on top of sight and starter. Aiming carried out by a combination of sight and the top edge of the warhead. Placed inside the tube charge of gunpowder. Located in front of the warhead 15 cm in diameter, weighing up to 3 kg and containing 0.8 kg of explosive.
On the tube deposited
red inscription in German: «Achtung! Feuerstrahl! »(« Caution Jetstream! "), Warning soldiers not to stand behind using weapons. Burns from the jet at a distance of up to 3 meters were fatal. According to the instructions behind the firing should be 10 meters of space. As Faustpatrone, Panzerfaust was disposable and discarded after the shot. The projectile could penetrate the steel sheet to 200 mm thick.
Panzerfaust 60 i>
In urban settings
combat small distance allowed to use a weapon with a high (although later and greatly exaggerated) efficiency, which was particularly noticeable in the Battle of Berlin. Easy weapons allowed him to create the conditions in the besieged city, and immediately transmit it to the defender with low skills.
Panzerfaust was sold to Finland as the main anti-tank weapons against Soviet tanks T-34 and IP-2.
In terms i>
trophy "Panzerfaust" (as the soldiers of the allied troops and wrongly called Panzerfaust and bazookas) was used by the Soviet army and the development of the first examples of the RPG-2.
very first one was the Panzerfaust 30 weapons "Gretchen", developed by Dr. Langvayterom of company "Hugo Schneider AG", officially it was called "Panzerfaust 30 small» (kleine). This pipe has a length of 762 mm, of which fires garnet cumulative weight of 1.5 kg and a diameter of 100 mm at a speed of about 30 m / s. Ammunition used cumulative principle Monroe High Explosive charge inside had tapered recess, copper-plated, wide portion forward.
Panzerfaust 100 i>
replaced Panzerfaust 30 Panzerfaust grenade came kleine 30 used from August 1943, distinguished warhead larger diameter and increased armor penetration. The number 30 indicates a nominal maximum range of the weapon in meters.
most common version grenade - Panzerfaust 60, production of which began in August 1944. The distance was increased to 60 meters, for which the pipe diameter has been increased from 4.4 to 5 cm and weight of the charge is increased by 134, the mechanism was also improved starting. The result was increased weight grenade.
Panzerfaust 150 i>
LATEST VERSION weapons Panzerfaust - grenade Panzerfaust 100 received by the troops in November 1944. Nominal distance increased to 150 meters. Pipe diameter was again increased to 6 cm at gunpoint holes appeared with fluorescent markers 30, 60, 80 and 150 meters.
Also at the end of the war was released in a limited edition of 150 Panzerfaust. The changes affected the head portion, and the charge was divided into two parts, which increased the velocity of the projectile up to 85 m / s and penetrating ability. The tube can be reused up to ten times.
Also, for release in September 1945 planned grenade Panzerfaust 250, but the development was not completed
Modifications with grenades i>
In addition there have been many modifications Panzerfaust:
One of the projects allowed to use it as anti-personnel weapons: the kit includes a small rocket, Kleinrakete zur Infanteriebekampfung («small rocket to fight against infantry") warhead had a length of 24.5 cm and a diameter of 7.6 cm, was only multiple instances of this structure because it appeared that the range was the same as that of the rifle grenade.
In late 1944 Panzerfaust 150 unused shell (with increased fragmentation effect) with a compound of shrapnel rings (Splitterringe), having notches like hand grenades to increase the fragmentation effect. This grenade struck simultaneously and tank and infantry of the Soviet Army, often located on the armor.
Another development was
Schrappnellfaust («shrapnel fist"), unlike rechargeable Panzerfaust was also designed to destroy infantry. "Shrapnel Fist" weighed 8 pounds and had a maximum range of 400 meters.
In January 1945, for the Panzerfaust has developed a new warhead called Verbesserte Panzerfaust («improved armored fist"). In this modification, the pipe diameter was 160 mm with a variable length of detonation. Evidence that the warhead used by the Wehrmacht, no.
| Panzerfaust 30 Klein || Panzerfaust 30 || Panzerfaust 60 || Panzerfaust 100 || Panzerfaust 150 |
| caliber grenades, mm || 100 || 150 || 150 || 200 || 105 |
| Length mm || 1160 || 1300 || 1300 || 1290 || 1350 |
| Barrel length, mm || 800 |
| Weight кг||4.19||5.2||6.8||6.8||6.7|
|Начальлная speed м/сек||28||30||45||62||82|
|Прицельная range, м||30||30||60||100||150|
|Бронепробиваемость, mm || 140 || 200 || 200 || 200 || 280-320 tr > |