In 1960 in Poland, work began on creating hand grenade for law enforcement, designed for throwing tear gas grenades UGL-200.
first grenade was developed, designated RWGL-1 (Reczna Wyrzutnia Granatow Lzawiacych - 1). New weapons were created design team consisting of R. Helmitskogo 3. Banaschewski, C. Novakovsky, A. Brewer and S. Bednarski.
| RWGL-1 |
RWGL-1 were used components and parts from 7.62mm rifle Mosin 1944 sample and a 9-mm submachine gun Rak wz. 63. The weapon itself was manufactured by milling, to muzzle grenade launcher attachment is installed.
tear gas grenades UGL-200 was inserted into the nozzle grenade and throwing blanks fed box magazine capacity of 5 rounds.
Maximum firing range grenade was about 100 m
However, due to cessation of production submachine gun Rak wz. 63 was released only a small batch of grenade RWGL-1.
As a result
Polish designers had to start developing a new grenade launcher designated as RWGL-2.
Grenade RWGL-2 consisted of a 26-mm gun signal sample in 1978 (pistoletu sygnalowego wz. 78), trunk-liner and the nozzle is a rifle grenade launcher.
trying out a new grenade was found that RWGL-2 has a low rate of fire and high returns, bringing a weapon into service law enforcement agencies of Poland has been received, but the new design solution in RWGL-2 was used in the grenade, developed at the end of the 1990s.
Later it was decided to create a rifle grenade on the basis of the Soviet AKMS machine.
In the second half of the 1970s in the Polish Center for Research and Development and E. A. Shimansky Durasevichem based on previous developments was established police rifle grenade, designated RWGL-3.
| RWGL-3 |
Grenade RWGL-3 is a single-shot and designed for universal firing tear gas UGL-200 using idle propellant cartridge 7.62 × 39 mm.
tear gas grenades UGL-200 grenade launcher attachment is inserted into the threaded onto the muzzle of the barrel, and propelling cartridges are fed from box magazine capacity of 10 rounds during manual reload weapons.
trigger mechanism allows only a single firing. This is due to the fact that the grenade, unlike AKMS, no moderator and sear single firing.
Shutter, receiver cover, translator fuse also borrowed from the AKMS machine and store in a box-automatic grenade launcher kbkg wz. 1960.
handguard an extra second pistol grip.
Weight unloaded grenade RWGL-3 is 3.1 kg total length - 517 mm; practical rate - up to 10 rounds / min and the maximum firing range - 100 m; duration tear smoke-forming mixture grenades ULG-200 - 12-18 seconds.
rifle grenade RWGL-3 entered service civil police Poland.
In 1984, the department of design and operation of firearms (later - Institution of Engineering armament) Military Technical Academy team composed Deretzki S., G. Glovitskogo, V. et al Koperski was established grid decontaminating complex SZO-84 ( Siatkowy Zestaw Obezwladniajacy 84 - grid decontaminating complex sample in 1984), which is a modification grenade RWGL-3.
new complex designed to neutralize aggressively behaving individuals or small groups, it allows you to throw and deploy network neutralizing a distance of several meters.
SZO-84 consists of a rifle grenade for throwing teargas RWGL-3 and cone nozzle installed on the muzzle barrel grenade launcher.
Front end nozzle, lockable removable cardboard lid forms a seat neutralizing network. At its perimeter mounted drive pistons located within the outlet portion of guide channels.
When using the
neutralizes network is made of very sturdy plastic thread having tensile strength of 150 N.
During the shot
gases arising from the combustion of the powder charge 7.62mm blanks expand into the central chamber pressure and fall in pressure channels, affecting the driving pistons that press on the lid and drop it to the nest, where the Neutralize network. Pistons are thrown out of the nest with a certain initial velocity.
weight complex SZ0-84 - 6.5 kg total length of the complex - 524 mm, weight attachment to the network - 2.62 kg, length attachment with lid - 158 mm outer diameter of the nozzle - 196 mm, weight detoxifying network - 0.58 kg network diameter - 4 pm
Mesh decontaminating complex SZ0-84 was adopted by the Polish police and special units.