Intercontinental ballistic missile M51




    management system:

    management software








    8000 km.

    year development:


    intercontinental ballistic missile m51 The history of the most modern French M51 SLBM originates in the first half of the 90s, when in 1992 the Minister of Defence of the French Republic has authorized the beginning of scientific research on promising intercontinental missile designed for French class SSBN" ; Le Triomphant "second generation. By 1993, were developed requirements for the new missile, designated M5 - she had to have a range of up to 11,000 km, equipped with MIRV warheads with the number 10 on board and have a set of tools to overcome missile defense (BMD PCB). It was also an adaptation of the missile under the option ground silo-based ICBMs, but in 1993 this option was excluded based. In 1993, work began on the brand M5 SLBM. Due to numerous technical difficulties in February 1996 adopted a much less ambitious program M51, according to which the distance was reduced to 10,000 km, the number of warheads MIRV reduced to 6, relaxed precision requirements. In addition, the date of adopting the new warheads (BB) with combat units (CU) TNO has been shifted to 2015, as to accelerate the work it was decided to use the first stage of existing BB with TN-75 warhead and the corresponding PCB ABM, which is why the range and accuracy were further reduced. Original date of adoption of the new complex was called into service in 2008, but due to technical difficulties gradually shifted the date and called in July 2010 (in fact, the complex was adopted in October 2010).

    The lead program

    M51 is an international consortium of European "EADS Space Transportation". Provides scientific support to the French government organization SEREB (Organization for research and development of ballistic missiles). The prime contractor to build engines group was selected G2P, uniting the company SNPE and "Snecma Propulsion Solide". Important role in creating a new SLBM play and company SAGEM (develops guidance and control system), SODERN, THALES, CNIM, DCN. БЧтрадиционноразрабатывает "Direction des Affaires Militaires of the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique" (французскоеядерноеведомство). In the French defense procurement agency "Delegation Generale pour l'Armement" ongoing project "Coelacanthe" to coordinate and support program M51. Full development of the missile began in 1998, and in 2004 a consortium EADS started producing prototypes missiles. According to the statements of the responsible persons of the project in progress is much broader than previously used methods of mathematical and computer modeling, to provide a choice of a number of optimal solutions and significant cost savings. It is assumed for example that the use of modern technology design will reduce flight test joint is not less than three times. The big problem is the placement of missiles in mines M51 existing class SSBN "Le Triomphant", which was originally created under the SLBM ->

    intercontinental ballistic missile m51 Ballistic missile submarines M51 is a three-stage rocket with tandem staging. All three marching steps are made by winding of light refractory organic materials high degree of strength. At all stages of the rocket and use new high-grade mixed solid fuels. According to some sources, the development of solid fuels for the new SLBM was heavily used the experience gained in the development of solid propellant boosters most modern European RN "Arian-5." Solid all three propulsion motors are speed-controlled rotary one nozzle is recessed in the inoperative position in the housing to reduce the length of the missile. Nozzle each stage guided missiles in the area of stage for pitch and yaw channels. Roll-control when working sustainer stages is not performed, and the cumulative error is eliminated in the area of solid-stage dilution. On the new SLBM first applied electric actuators (development and production of Thales Airborne Systems in conjunction with Goodrich Actuation Systems) in the control system instead of hydraulic nozzles that French sources reportedly allowed to reduce the length and weight of SLBMs, and simplify maintenance. Nozzle propulsion stages and inserts them made their high-heat-resistant organic materials.

    stage dilution M51 SLBM traditionally French is a solid-rocket scientists that avoids while on board hypergolic flammable poisonous liquid used for liquid (traditional Soviet / Russian SLBM) or combined (British "Polaris" A3TK) dilution steps. < / p>

    M51 rocket will carry multiple warheads (MIRV) warheads 6 (BB) and IRT PRO. SLBM warheads embodiment M51.1 equipped combat units (CU) TN-75 and are modern, compact, high-speed and unobtrusive BB-resistant PFYAV. TN-75 warhead also has a high degree of resistance to PFYAV has a large number of options to undermine and varying power with a maximum value of about 150 kt. M51.2 version will carry a warhead BB TNO and the corresponding PCB defense. Projected BB warhead with TNO - promising small, high-speed and subtle blocks resistant not only to PFYAV, but also to the damaging factors of weapons based on new physical principles. TNO warhead will have many options to undermine and varying power with a maximum value of 300 kt. BB M51.2 rockets will be more accurate and easier, allowing replacement without dilution steps to increase range, accuracy and breeding area of the district missile warheads. According to some sources, the number of warheads to this modification is planned to be reduced from 6 to 4.

    M51 is the first French SLBMs, which applied astronavigatsionnaya system in addition to the traditional inertial. This, coupled with a substantial upgrade devices ANN allowed to increase accuracy. In the future, to improve the accuracy and also planned to use a satellite navigation system.

    On the M51 SLBM

    modeled American SLBM "Trident" used retractable aeroigla significantly reduces wind resistance on the part of the flight the rocket in the dense layers of the atmosphere.

    Overall evaluating project SLBMs may be noted that the French rocket scientists remain faithful to their traditional approach of gradually increasing TTX missiles. M51.1 rocket represents a significant advancement in all respects compared to its predecessor, the M45 rocket. M51.1 is the first intercontinental ballistic missile in French class, and her entry into service (in conjunction with the final re-equipment of the French strategic nuclear forces latest SSBN "Le Triomphant") can boost the potential impact of the French strategic nuclear forces, even without an increase in the number of carriers and warheads. Bringing a perspective as to the level of the M51 rocket M51.2 finally displays the French naval strategic nuclear forces of the world's most advanced level in this class of arms and allow them to hit is the entire range of existing strategic goals.


    firing range, km

    9000 (according to other sources, and 10,000 in the 6000-8000 version M51.2)

    CWE km

    0,25 (0,2 to embodiment M51.2)

    type warhead

    MIRV missile with PCB




    Power warhead each BB, ct

    100 (300 in the embodiment M51.2)


    rocket t


    Missile length


    diameter rockets, m


    Hours each sustainer stage, with


    number of steps

    3 + sustainer stage dilution

    number on each SLBM SSBN



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