intercontinental ballistic missile RS-24 (according to unconfirmed reports, the missile has an index 15ZH67) comprising road-mobile missile complex (PGRK) developed cooperation among enterprises, headed by the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering ( MIT). Chief designer of the complex - J. Solomon. Missile RS-24 is a deep modification of the missile complex 15ZH65 PT 2PM2 "Topol-M".
History solid fuel ICBMs fifth generation with a wide range of military equipment began in 1989 when the Soviet military-industrial complex by the decision number 323 of 09.09.1989, as part of the theme "Universal" two leading Soviet ICBM development centers solid - Moscow Institute of Heat and "Southern" (Dnepropetrovsk, UkrSSR) - was charged in a short time to develop a solid-fuel ICBMs easy class new generation suitable for deployment with various kinds of home (in silos OS and heavy tractors BGRK). < / p>
Despite the limitations in the form of START-1 treaty, the collapse of the USSR and other objective and subjective difficulties, cooperation of developers headed by Mitomo able to cope with difficult and complicated conditions to finalize a new set of options for both home. IDB stood stationary version based on experimental combat duty in 1997, and in the mobile unpaved - in 2006 The new missile was named PT 2PM2 "Topol-M" (15ZH65). Combat equipment of the new ICBM - single warhead upgraded power - was the result of military and political concessions to the country's leadership at a time when the Soviet Union announced the creation of a new missile as modifications monoblock RT-2PM "Topol", which was recorded in the START treaty -1. The creation of a complex with MIRV missiles based on the new was provided at the stage of works on the theme "Universal", which provides the possibility of equipping MIRV missiles with high-speed unguided BB small or medium capacity. However, the Decree of the President of Russia Boris Yeltsin to establish a missile system RT-2PM2 "Topol-M" was released February 27, 1993, provided for a number of information and carrying out work related to the creation of long-term combat equipment for the new rocket. From that moment, most direct and ticking the beginning of construction of the RS-24.
After the U.S. withdrawal from the ABM Treaty and the widespread deployment of the main works of the ABM, Russia seeks to complete long-term work already underway on the qualitative improvement of the combat equipment of strategic missile systems, as well as methods and means to counter prospective missile defense the United States and other regions world. This work is undertaken in conditions of the constraints on the various international commitments and active contraction of domestic SNF. To perform the work involved a significant number of enterprises and scientific and industrial organizations in industry, higher education and research institutions of the Ministry of Defence.
As part of the SS-24 November 1, 2005 launch of ICBM "Topol" with the standard SPM from Kapustin Yar (Astrakhan region) toward Sary-Shagan were started flight testing a single platform breeding warheads, new tools decoys and warheads common for the SS-24 and SLBMs "Bulava". The tests were successful. In the media, it was stated that "the launch was the sixth within a test system created to overcome the U.S. missile defense system. First start was not made from the cosmodrome "Plesetsk" on range "Kura" in Kamchatka, and from the test site "Kapustin Yar" located in Kazakhstan on the 10th Proving Ground "Balkhash" (Sary-Shagan area near the town of Priozersk). This is due to the fact that the provision of radar range, "Kur" does not allow to fix maneuvers produced warheads after their separation from intercontinental ballistic missiles. Besides these maneuvers are tracked by U.S. agents measurements stationed in Alaska. Flight parameters of "Kapustin Yar" Balkhash conducted exclusively by the Russian control devices ".
April 22, 2006 test platform for breeding and warheads were continued. Produced launch rocket K65M-R from Kapustin Yar. Platform breeding warheads designed to deliver 6 MIRV. Proven platform has the ability to maneuver on the trajectory, which complicate the tasks enemy missile. Start program was fully implemented. MIT General Designer Yuri Solomonov said in 2006 that the testing of new single platform and a single breeding combat unit should be completed in 2008, but these plans at the time were not met.
December 8, 2007 from the landfill "Kapustin Yar" in Astrakhan was conducted a successful test launch of "Topol-E" with a new warhead. Last for today (April 2011) run - successfully - in the framework of the testing of new warheads and platforms made 5 December 2010 from Kapustin Yar using ICBM "Topol-E" at the Sary-Shagan. According to Yuri Solomonov from 27.01.2011, in 2010 completed the development of "a new type of combat equipment, which is the result of the integration of the combat equipment ballistic type with individual means of its so-called breeding instead. "Bus". Adapting development to existing missile systems will require several years of testing to be conducted with an experimental rocket "Topol-E".
Talking about creating a long-term strategic warheads missiles SRF and the Navy, you must highlight the results obtained during flight tests of the newest warheads Russian strategic missiles with a universal polygon (polygon Sarah Shagan) measuring radar complex "Neman-PM" (until 2008 - "Neman-P"), created NIIRadiopriborostroeniya. This radar since 1981 draws to ensure flight tests of various missile systems with the main task - to provide the maximum amount of information about the elements of a radar complex ballistic target in all areas of its flight different types of probing signals. Radar "Neman-PM" in their technical and design and technological solutions is a unique tool with radar information capabilities that will ensure the entire spectrum of observed objects necessary for evaluating the effectiveness of promising decoys, and to develop methods and algorithms for the selection of combat ballistic missile units in different parts of their trajectories. First time in the radar in RFCs "Neman-P" mode has been implemented "radiovision." Prior to this, the radar signal reflected from the target "saw" another notch as the sum of reflections from individual structural elements of the target (the so-called "shiny spots"), however, the configuration (image) of the irradiated object, ie, its "portrait" get was not possible. Created in RFCs "Neman-P" UWB antenna allowed to do that in the implementation of radar provided additional quality characteristics for solving the problems of recognition of the observed objects.
deserves special attention implemented in RFCs "Neman-P" powerful transmitting active phased array antenna. It provides wide bandwidth signals emitted, which is essential for signal measurement and implementation mode "radio vision." Time switch beam in any direction within the angular sector review is a few microseconds, which provides simultaneous operation of a large number of purposes. RFCs "Neman-P" is built on a multi-channel pattern formation and processing of a wide range of probing signals of different duration and frequency spectrum to provide target detection and tracking, as well as getting their measurement of reflection characteristics simultaneously on multiple operating frequencies. As part of a multi-channel signal processing channels are provided DF Jammer and measurement channel spectral power jamming and width of their spectrum. Thanks to a multi-channel scheme for constructing given the opportunity to modernize RFCs "Neman-P" without interrupting its operation in 2003-2008.
missile RS-24 flight tests started in 2007. May 29, she made her first start, all the tasks that were performed. Start is from Plesetsk (Arkhangelsk region) using modernized BGRK "Topol-M", which confirms the high degree of commonality of both missiles. December 25 the same year, was successfully carried out the second ICBM RS-24, and November 26, 2008 - the third, also successful. In all three cases was carried out starting from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in combat field Kura test site on the Kamchatka Peninsula.
voiced that the deployment of the new complex will be launched before the end of 2010 - early 2011., but in July 2010 the first deputy. Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin said that in the 54th Guards Missile Division (Teykovo, Ivanovo region) first 3 missile systems comprising one battalion were deployed by the end of 2009, standing on experimental combat duty ( flight tests yet not fully completed; previously assumed that the test is expected to spend at least three years, spending at least four test launches, including three of successful start - now announced that there would be three more test launches during 2011) . November 30, 2010 Commander of the Strategic Missile Forces S. Karakayev said that the Strategic Missile Forces will gradually be re-equipped with mobile systems with single-warhead missiles "Topol-M" on complexes with MIRV missiles RS-24. Will has put on alert ICBM "Topol-M"-based mobile version brought to the level of the RS-24, is not specified. December 17, 2010 Commander of the Strategic Missile Forces, Lieutenant-General S. Karakayev said that adopt Tejkovsky missile division in December 2010 and entered the second division complexes "yars" (3 SPU). March 4, 2011 it was announced that the first missile regiment with the SS-24 has taken up duty in the SRF. In the regiment Tejkovsky Missile Division 2 missile battalion entered the SS-24, set out in the Strategic Missile Forces in 2009-2010, the total in the regiment as at 03.2011 6 of the RS-24 complexes. By RS-24 missiles to be deployed in 2011, has not been disclosed, but on past experience suggests that at least another 3 missiles will be deployed before the end of the year, which will form the first regiment in the army of 9 BGRK, fully equipped ICBM.
RS-24 missiles are produced at the Votkinsk Machine Building Plant. PU mobile complex is placed on an eight chassis MZKT-79221 manufactured by Minsk Wheel Tractor Plant and developed at the Central Design Bureau "Titan". Serial production of launchers for mobile system performs the Volgograd Industrial Association "Barricades". According to media reports from 2010, the RS-24 missiles will be replaced in the embodiment of the silo-based SS-18B and RS-20V as the end of their warranty period of operation. Since 2012, mass production is scheduled to leave only the SS-24 "Yars". However, published and confrontational statements of various persons that missile RS-24 will be deployed only in the mobile version, and in the stationary version still continue to deploy single-warhead ICBMs "Topol-M". In addition, there is information about the beginning of 2018 with the deployment of the new liquid ICBM heavy class, based in silos OS, which has yet to be established. Deployment of the SS-24 in the embodiment BZHRK not provided.
Some experts express surprise relatively small volume of flight tests of new ICBM complex before sending the troops compared with the adopted during the Soviet period (of 3 starts in 2007-2008., all successfully implemented). Manual MITA and the Defense Ministry in response to this point, that now for the latest ICBMs and SLBMs adopted a different methodology of testing - with a much more intense and productive computer simulation and a much larger volume of experimental testing ground than before. This approach is considered more economical in the Soviet period was used primarily to create the most complex and difficult new missiles (eg, RN 11K77 "Zenith" and especially 11K25 "Energy") that allows you to bypass the minimum amount destroyed in the test launches extremely expensive heavy carriers and their payloads, but after the collapse of the Soviet Union, due to the sharp reduction in funding defense problems, it was decided to make full use this approach when creating an easy class missiles. As for the new missile RS-24, the required amount for her flight testing is relatively small and because of the declared essential commonality with 15ZH65 ICBM "Topol-M". Point to the experience of testing the ICBM "Topol-M" - a new complex was transferred to the army to carry experimental combat duty after 4 successful launches.
Designation U.S. / NATO - SS-X-29.
Design ICBM (see the alleged scheme) is generally similar to that of RS-12M2 missile complex "Topol-M" and the most unified with the latter, except for breeding platform warheads , fairing, control systems and payload. Number sustainer stages - 3. Marching stages have tselnomotanny body 'cocoon', made by winding strands of a polymer composite material based on aramid fiber selected as the domestic production base with the prospect of its development. In view of ensuring a minimum weight design is selected based on the harness threads of a composite material, and a special binder. Organic materials have been developed in CRI "Spetsmash".
nose fairing also made of organic materials. To ensure high performance engines energomassovyh applied the blending oktogensoderzhaschee high density solid fuel with high specific impulse, which is able to maintain a high level of performance in a wide range of temperatures and humidities. Controls: central control rotary nozzle with non-folding nozzle arrangement in the first degree and marching with sliding nozzle head on the steps of number 2 and number 3. Flare nozzle and nozzle extension blocks - made of carbon-carbon materials, the nozzles are arranged on the basis of an elastic hinge support. To reject the nozzles at all stages of propulsion used gazogidravlicheskogo control actuators.
breeding stage combat equipment - solid fuel. Some sources suggest the presence of liquid dilution stage, which, however, hardly true - on all previous DBK created Mitomo, breeding stage warheads were carried out on the basis of solid propellant which makes the complex more suitable to the mobile true earth type of deployment in terms of convenience and operational safety. Solid fuel charges and housing for all stages of the launch of the incident and were created by the Federal Center for Dual-Use Technologies "Soyuz". Nozzle first stage unit designed to NGOs "Iskra" (Perm).
Thermonuclear warhead for warhead used in missile warheads, was developed in VNIIEF (Sarov), a number of critical parts automation undermining created during VNIIA. NL spirits (Moscow). Create a new warhead was held under the Treaty on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which imposes certain constraints on an objective assessment of parameters of the created BU as the main areas of research to address nuclear weapons problems have focused primarily on the computational and theoretical direction.
missile RS-24 have been taken additional measures to reduce the duration and reduce the height of the end point of the active portion of the trajectory of the missile. ICBMs had the opportunity to maneuver limited by the boost phase (due to the work of auxiliary engines maneuvering, new appliances mechanisms and management, use of body sites increased strength), which can significantly reduce the likelihood of its defeat in the most vulnerable, the primary, part of the flight. missile can hit targets in terms of preemptive (counter), counter-strike and retaliatory nuclear strike, in the presence of the enemy layered missile defense system, including space-based elements.
Required level resistance RS-24 to the damaging effects of nuclear factors (PFYAV) and future weapons based on new physical principles, has been achieved, probably due to the use of classical methods, such as:
Use protective coating of the new development, applied to the outer surface of the rocket body and provides comprehensive protection against PFYAV;
application management system, developed on the basis of the element with high resistance and reliability;
application to the sealed housing of the instrument compartment, which houses the equipment SU, special coatings with a high content of rare earth elements;
application screening and special methods of stacking onboard cabling missiles;
introduction of a special software missile maneuver when passing clouds ground nuclear explosions and stuff.
New ICBMs have reduced the maximum overclocking part of the flight, which is considerably shorter time than older types of missiles. In addition to the boost phase of an ICBM vigorously maneuvering height and rate, making it impossible to forecast the rendezvous point for the interceptor missile.
management system (developed by NGOs AP) - inertial, based ODCC, gyro-stabilized platform and radio correction circuit (developed by JSC "RKRKPIS") with the GLONASS satellite navigation system. Complex high command gyroscopic instruments has improved accuracy characteristics, new ODCC has increased productivity and resistance to PFYAV. Aiming provided by implementing autonomous azimuth control element mounted on a gyro-stabilized platform, using ground-based command devices placed on the TPK. Increased readiness, accuracy and continuous operation of onboard equipment.
According to various reports, MIRV missiles are equipped with the new "no less than four new BB-I and modern IRT PRO". Some sources tend to assume that the new missile combat equipment includes 3 BB middle class and IRT PRO. In the latter case it is assumed that "BB middle class" - a new generation of high-speed BB capacity of about 300-500 kt, with reduced visibility in different ranges of electromagnetic radiation and high precision. Some sources suggest the possibility of unification of the new missiles in combat equipment with promising SLBM "Bulava" MIRV which may include 6 high precision BB unmanaged small class power (at 150 kilotons each).
According to some publications, for a possible increase in the mass of new ICBM throws had to pay reduction firing range missiles - about 10,000 km compared to 11,000 km at an ICBM "Topol-M".
complex means of communication that provides guaranteed reception of signals from the OVC battle management and transfer reports on the state PU;
set of combat launch control;
independent power supply system (diesel generator);
artillery unit (arrow) to accommodate the WPK and bring it in readiness for the launch;
hydraulic system for leveling PU and boom;
assurance system of temperature and humidity (TBP) to the WPK and the compartments of ground equipment;
ground control system (equipment training, start-up and equipment condition monitoring PU);
Start of ICBMs
TPK - mortar, using powder pressure accumulator, without a protective tray.
Rocket Division includes 3 self-propelled PU complex and mobile command post on the chassis MZKT high cross.
DBK with a solid SS-24 light class has increased resistance to PFYAV and has the ability to deliver the BB second level of resistance to the designated individual goals protected mnogoeshelonirovannoy defense with space-based elements, with a probability of 0.93 - 0.95. Defeat the purpose carried out with high accuracy - CWE new complex is assessed as not exceeding the value of 150 m, which allows the missile to hit all the necessary range of military-strategic goals. Thanks to a number of measures significantly reduced the ability to detect DBK deployed by means of exploration potential enemy. Resilience PU and command post to PFYAV significantly increased, it is possible to start from the regime of constant readiness for one of the planned target indications, as well as operational and retargeting start on any unplanned target designation, passed from senior management. Start as a possible route to deployment, and the parking lot in the place of. Increased likelihood of bringing a start command to the CP and CP.
complex Warranty period - not less than 15 years.