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Ramp T59

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    Basing

    :

    Surface PU

    management system:

    Uncontrolled

    Warhead:

    -explosive

    Application:

    Multiple rocket launchers

    Country:

    U.S.

    Range:

    0.038 km.

    year development:

    towed rocket launcher T59

    Towed

    MULTICHARGED T59 installation designed for fast passages in the provision of anti-mine fields with a width sufficient for the passage of tanks.

    system was developed in the United States in the middle of World War II.

    The system consists of:

    Towing MULTICHARGED installation T59;

    unguided rocket T91 caliber 273mm;

    Medium Tank M4 for towing installation.

    launcher (artillery unit) mounted on the six-ton crawler trailer Athey. Six groups of three rails with unguided rockets caliber 273mm arranged in a row at an angle of 45 ° in an armored chassis that attaches to the base lyulkovogo type fixed to the chassis and, in turn, provides a steady automatic leveling at tilt angles up to 15 °. < / p> Rockets were fired

    consistently while driving on admission of electrical signals from a special mechanism mounted on the launcher. This mechanism provides start one projectile every 4.6 meters way. Inside the tank was installed for remote shooting manually. Setting could be reset at any time using distantsionnoupravlyaemogo bursting charge, which undermined the signal from inside the tank. Installing T59 provided mine sweep with probability at least 85% of the corridor straight to the tank with a transverse clearance to 3.7 m

    fire testing with 18 rockets was made at the site, mined indicator mine similar German Teller mines, and buried at a minimum depth of 100mm. minefield depth was about 82m. During the tests projectiles were launched consecutively in intervals of 4.6 m path. As a result of the installation of the tank T59 passed through the landfill without meeting with a workable mine (see diagram). During movement on two successive intervals rockets were launched from one mechanical and one operational failure. This narrowed the width of the corridor stripped to a value of about 4.6 m on the rest of the way the minimum width of the corridor was approximately 16.5 m Calculated maximum depth of the minefield, through which could be done by the passage of all missiles in the absence of a single installation system failures start at around 152m.

    towed rocket launcher T59 shell T-91 consisted of a cylindrical body with a diameter 273mm with a hemispherical head portion (nadkalibernoy) and a conical base. Wall thickness - 2.54 mm. Manned projectile fuze head for bombs M120A1, which was refined to reduce the charging time to 2.5 seconds. to 1.6 seconds. Further modification was to be the use of brain stem length 457mm for air blasting ammunition, significantly reduced the effect of the formation of the funnel. During the tests the size of the explosion of a shell formed craters was about 0.15 m deep and about 3m in diameter. Rocket engine T22 diameter 114.3 mm was attached to the base of the conical shell. At the nozzle of the engine was placed large diameter cylindrical stabilizer.

    (Note that the use of the brain stem in the projectile distance and clearance has been applied in the construction of the Chinese Type 81 projectile (Type 81 II) 253 mm caliber to run with combat vehicle Type 81 being armed People's Liberation Army of China in the early 21st century (see Photos )

    PERFORMANCE

    General Characteristics

    effective casualty radius projectile T91 on German Teller mines at a depth of 100mm

    6,1

    Maximum range (fixed installation), m

    38

    Angle of departure setting in the stowed position, rugged terrain (with craters)

    45 ° ± 8 °

    path interval between launches projectiles, m

    4,6

    Speed tank and install when driving on rough terrain (with funnels), km / h

    4,8

    standard deviation range of the projectile on when firing installation towed over rough terrain (with funnels), m

    1,5

    Number

    shells, pieces

    18

    Depth

    stripped minefield, m

    About 95

    Features M4 medium tank

    Length,

    6700

    Width

    2130

    Height (in running order) mm

    2430

    body armor, front, back, sides, mm

    25,4

    weight unloaded, kg

    7643

    curb weight, kg

    10433

    Features missile T91

    Caliber, mm

    273

    Length,

    1981

    type explosive charge

    cast TNT (trinitrotoluene, TNT, TNT)

    weight bursting charge, kg

    109

    Total Weight, kg

    145

    These characteristics are

    rounded.





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