Galand M 1868
In 1868, the famous French gunsmith Charles Francois Galand (Charles Francois Galand) together with his British companion A. Sommerville (A. Sommerville) received a patent for their original developed mechanism to retrieve spent cartridges from a revolver.
In this design
| Galand M 1870 |
| Caliber, mm || 11.5h15.5 |
| Length mm || 254 tr > |
| Barrel length, mm || 127 |
| Weight empty, kg || 1.000 |
| drum count. cartridges || 6 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / s || 183 |
extraction cartridges produced using fortified under the barrel and frame revolver arm, which was part of trigger guard. When lowering the lever down the barrel and drum shifted inside the frame forward. Almost immediately after the start of movement stellate extractor ESTATES in the rear end of the drum stopper, while the drum itself continued forward movement, and cartridge cases being retrieved from the chambers drum extractor, just fell out. New cartridges are inserted into the drum at the extended extractor, as well as the cartridge with a bullet was longer empty sleeve, then they are free to Camore fetched. Fully cartridges included in the drum when his rear end pressed to the panel frame revolver, that is when you return to the original position.
Galand M 1868
first samples revolvers with original mechanism of extraction of spent cartridges were made by English firm "Braendlin, Sommerville & Co" and became known under the designation «Galand Sommerville».
In late 1868 Charles Francois Galand, worked in Belgium and France, has been producing these revolvers in Belgium, which became known as Galand M 1868 (sample revolver Galan 1868). Production revolvers in Belgium and became a major.
Galand M 1870
Produced by Nagant
Revolver Galan has an open frame, movable barrel drum and leverage exercising movement of the drum with the barrel axis of the drum,
Galand M 1870
Produced by Nagant
hammer-type firing mechanism with open trigger, double action.
Steel barrel with right rifling has podstvol'nyy tide for putting on the axis of the drum.
drum axle is rigidly connected with the body of a revolver, and the front end of its long arm is pivotally attached ending bend forming the trigger guard with spur.
Food weapons carried by a cylindrical drum with six of the bolt. At the rear of the drum is cut grooves to ensure its fixation during cornering.
Simultaneous extraction cartridges carried in the nomination of the barrel with the drum forward with a lever.
open sighting devices consist of fly muzzle pillar and a slot at the top of the frame.
revolver handle formed of two wooden plates held together by one screw. Steel butt plate convex oval handle, reinforced with movable ring for safety cord.
Galan produced revolvers under his own name for the cartridges of various calibers (from 7 mm to 12 mm). The most famous examples of military steel revolvers chambered for the 11-12 mm caliber.
Galand M 1868 9mm
11.5-mm gun Galan in 1971 was adopted by the Russian Navy under the name "4? linear grappling gun ", which is also known as Galand M 1870. This weapon for the Russian fleet made Belgian factory Galan brothers Naganov and Tulyak Goltyakov (manufacturing quality Russian-made revolvers are much inferior to the Belgian samples). However galanovsky chuck central battle was "weak" and soon replaced by a more revolver Galan successful system «Smith & Wesson» under the more powerful cartridge.
cartridges used in revolvers Galan
Revolver Galan also tested in English and Swiss Army, but adopt these countries was not adopted.
Galanovskie revolvers produced for commercial sale. Civil war guns differed from samples smaller caliber and size. In addition, a characteristic hallmark revolvers civic type was round the trunk, while the military samples had faceted barrel. Weapons on the civilian market has become the most famous revolver Galand 9mm. The length of the arms was 229 mm with barrel length 94 mm.
Also, as a weapon for hunting, was created by a large-caliber revolver - Galand Sportsmen (also known as Galand Sports), which differs from the basic model of a longer barrel and a folding metal stop. Arms length with folded butt reached 330 mm, weight 1.3 kg.
With folded emphasis
Although the main manufacturer of revolvers were Galan Belgian factory, and it was produced in the UK by «Braendlin, Sommerville & Co». English model known as «Galand Sommerville» usually produced under kalibry.380 i.450 and differed mainly shortened rifle lever, lockable in the front of the frame latch.
Also revolvers Galan produced in France. French revolvers designed to use cartridges Perrin caliber 7, 9 and 12 mm became known as «Galand Perrin».
believed that Galand revolver had a rather complex and "fragile" construction. The upper limit of the locking device and the frame had. Vulnerability design partly compensated by the fact that the cartridge was not very strong and did not give a strong impact.
However, the use of "weak" chuck at one time was seen as the most Russian officers disadvantage gun itself was considered a failure and withdrawn from service in Russia. In England, this weapon has not received popularity in Europe but was released enough revolvers of this type.