Nagant M 1878
Belgium, which had in the XIX century, a traditionally strong arms production, held one of the first places in Europe for the manufacture of small arms. Among many other Belgians involved in the design models of handguns, there were two entrepreneurs - Emile Nagant brothers (1830 - 1902 GG) and Henri-Leon Nagant (1833 - 1900 GG), who worked in the biggest center of arms Belgium - Liege.
| Caliber, mm || 9.4h22 |
| Length mm || 270 |
| Barrel length, mm || 140 |
| Weight empty, kg || 1.100 |
| drum count. cartridges || 6 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / s || 200 |
< td> Sighting range, m
| 50 |
In 1859, the brothers became partners and founded in Liege his small company producing metal products, which initially specialized in the manufacture of industrial equipment. But attention all brothers bowl chained weapon. Some time repairing damaged Nagano revolvers built by others, but in the mid 1860s, the brothers started to produce their own firearms, and their enterprise was named «Fabrique d'Armes Emile et Leon Nagant» (arms factory Emil and Leon Nagant) . At one time they were trying to work productively on the design rifles. In developing the rifles, the brothers could not earn any state, nor loud glory, but gained experience and were able to organize a good production. Fame came to him otherwise.
Completion of the Industrial Revolution in Western Europe 1860-1870 years allowed to realize a lot of ideas that previously had seemed not feasible. Along with the improvement of rifles as the main models of military weapons, improved and revolvers and pistols. This was facilitated by the creation of a unitary cartridge with a metal sleeve. Already by 1870 revolvers almost completely replaced the outdated treatment of singly charged capsule pistols. The main feature of revolvers was a rotating drum for 5-6 rounds, which is also a shop and chambered. The main advantage of revolvers as weapons of self-defense, was their constant readiness to open fire and high rate, compared to its predecessors. When used in a while black powder and lead bullets were the most suitable caliber 10-12 mm, calculated under a unitary cartridge central ignition.
Nagant M 1878
View of the drum door
In 1871 adopted the Belgian army entered revolver Shamelo Delvin-caliber 10.4 mm. However, its design has been very unsuccessful. Therefore it is very acute question of his immediate replacement. Among the many inventors in the competition for a new revolver attended brothers Emile and Henri-Leon Nagant.
elder brother, Emil, developed in 1878 to design his own revolver. Novelty design was being alternately extraction of spent cartridges chambers drum, made in a single string with a gun himself.
Already the first tests the original 9.4-mm six-shooter with Nagant trigger mechanism of action and massive double glazed left far behind all potential competitors. Won a landslide victory in all competitive tests, revolver, named for the creator - a revolver, adopted the officer corps and non-commissioned officers under the name of the Belgian Army revolver model 1878 - Nagant M 1878.
Nagant M 1878
The signature feature of weapons was a device for sequential extraction of spent cartridges carried out in a single assembly, attached to the trunk, as well as with the tide shompolnye tube serving for driving directions and ramrod ramrod-pusher in firing position retracted inside the drum axis. < / p>
mechanism revolver Nagant M 1878
revolver Nagant M 1878 has a whole massive frame. On the left side of the frame is removable lid designed for easy inspection and maintenance mechanisms weapons.
frame arms screwed octagonal steel barrel.
Under the barrel, on the movable sleeve is located rod-ejector sleeves, in firing position located in the axis of the drum.
hammer-type firing mechanism with open trigger, double action.
trigger guard - moving. If necessary descends.
open sighting devices consist of fly muzzle pillar and a slot in the upper frame wall.
view stock-ejector sleeves Nagant M 1878
Food weapons carried by a cylindrical drum with six of the bolt. On the lateral surface of the drum to facilitate weight loss long grooves arranged, open on one side.
Drum equips through opening into the side door on the right side weapons. Removal of spent cartridges from the drum shall be held alternately by means of the ejector rod-axis of the drum rotated around the trunk with his sleeve, and with the door open.
cheeks revolver fastened together with a screw. Steel butt plate convex oval handle, reinforced with movable ring for safety cord.
Nagant M 1878
revolver Nagant M 1878 adopted for weapons officers and personnel of the horse gendarmerie, army warrant officers, military personnel and senior NCOs whistleblower, was a weighty, reliable and easy to handle weapons.
This revolver Nagant brothers brought a truly first success in the future repeatedly subjected to modifications that were in service in different countries. Foundations laid in the construction Nagant M 1878 (British Patent 4310, 1879 and U.S. Patent 226923, 1880), it is very clearly seen in all subsequent models Nagant revolvers. In particular this applies to:
self-cocking the trigger at which carried with the hammer cocked by pulling the trigger, monolithic one-piece frame, door opening chambers drum, do not open back, like most revolvers, and in his side; octagonal screwed into the frame on the trunk deaf landing. ul>
Nagant M 1878
Plans for the British patent number 4310 of 1879
At USM and ramrod-extractor design Emile Nagant