Revolver Nagant M 1895

    revolver nagant m 1895

    Nagant M 1895 Release 1898
    Produced by Belgian firm Nagant

    famous 7.62mm Nagant revolver adopted by the Russian Army in 1895, was developed in Belgium and has a long history of its appearance.

    In 1878, Belgium adopted was adopted 9.4-mm revolver with a double-action Nagant M in 1878, developed a family enterprise Nagant brothers «Fabrique d'Armes Emile et Leon Nagant» (arms factory Emil and Leon Nagant) - older brother Emil revolver. In 1883, for arming non-commissioned officers and support staff of the Belgian Army has created a variation of a revolver with a trigger, single action Nagant M 1883, and in 1886 the younger brother - Leon Nagant revolver designs Nagant M 1878/1886, improving the model in 1878.

    In Belgium Nagant revolvers also widely recognized in the armies of other countries. Until the mid-1890s they were in different versions (Nagant M 1884, M 1887, M 1993) were adopted by European countries (Sweden, the Netherlands, Lyukseburg, Serbia) under 7.5 mm caliber cartridge and Latin America (Brazil, Argentina) chambered caliber 11.2 mm.

    revolver nagant m 1895
    Location drum revolver Nagant M 1895
    With a flat (top) and cocked (bottom) trigger

    But at that moment a serious shortcoming in the design Nagant revolvers had a breakthrough powder gases between the State-owned muzzle and the front end of the drum. But in 1892, Leon Nagant creates, who later became the classic model revolver Nagan obturation system with propellant gases, the principle of which has developed a Belgian designer Henry Piper. Problem obturation powder gases erupting between the barrel and the drum, was solved by crowding drum on the breech and cartridge with long sleeve, Dultsev which included the barrel and firing expanded and do not miss the powder gases.

    Create a new

    Revolver Revolver coincided with the efforts made by Russia to resolve the question of rearming its army with modern types of personal defense weapon when enough there was a question of replacing the outdated regular 4.2-linear (10.67 mm) revolver Smith & Wesson system.

    Russian Military Commission found that "the military must have the gun battle to a single bullet at a distance of up to 50 steps to stop the horse. If the bullet hit four or five inch boards, then sufficient combat power. " For this gun had to have: weight 0.82 - 0.92 kg; caliber - 3 lines (7.62 mm), so that in their manufacture can be used defective rifle barrels; nesamovzvodny simple trigger mechanism, for samovzvodom "adversely affects the accuracy"; Tagged accuracy of fire at a distance of 35 - 50 steps (25 - 35 m), the initial velocity of 300 m / s. Revolver design should be easy to manufacture, maintenance, insensitive to contamination and reliable operation in difficult conditions.

    announced a competition for a new short arms of the Russian army and the potential giant order attracted great interest from domestic and foreign arms manufacturers. There were several modifications of existing revolver Smith & Wesson revolvers and automatic pistols, but the main struggle was between the Belgian gunsmiths Henry Piper Model M1889 revolver and Leon Nagant M1892 with.

    revolver nagant m 1895
    liner and cartridge 7.62x38 R
    Revolver Nagant M 1895

    Nagan, feeling he can get substantial profits taken all possible measures to ensure his win. Revolver Revolver sample was redesigned in 1892 under the 3-way (7.62mm) revolver cartridge designed for use as a Low Smoke Zero black powder and smokeless. Together with arms revolver and two options presented cartridges with bullets weighing 6 and 7 g, low-smoke filled with black powder, since the system obturation gases require special sleeves with elongated dulcitol, which would conceal the entire bullet. Also, with regard to the requirements of using single-action trigger, the revolver had deliberately worsen their weapons design - gunsmith already gone off the beaten path, adapting the design of the new revolver similar alteration model 1878 model in 1883, which excluded the possibility of self-cocking firing. In converted to nesamovzvodny firing pistol to open fire had first right thumb cock and only then pull the trigger.

    revolver nagant m 1895
    single action trigger (top)
    Double-action (bottom)
    Used in revolver Nagant M 1895 However

    design revolver Nagant M 1892 it was revealed many small flaws. In addition, Leon Nagant Russian army offered to buy his patent on the revolver for 75000 rubles. The Russian military did not pay, returned pistol revolver and appointed rebid, while defining a premium of 20,000 rubles for the construction of a revolver, 5000 for the design of the cartridge, as well as obtaining all rights to the Russian model of the winner, including the production, like themselves and abroad, without any additional payments to the inventor.

    During 1893 - 1894's Revolver developed several improved models of their weapons, which were eliminated almost all the shortcomings revolver sample 1892. The new competition is compact and lightweight revolver Nagant Model 1894 very quickly stepped forward and was again the best. Besides the Russian army also took a more perfect self-cocking revolver trigger and Leon Nagant, working for the future, at the end of 1894, submitted to the military commission a similar pattern of self-cocking revolver.

    As a result, the Russian army had decided to take a revolver Nagan two samples: the officer - with self-cocking trigger mechanism and a soldier - with nesamozvodnym trigger single action. Along with the high performance of the weapon, an additional factor, slope Russian military to a deal with a revolver, has become quite acceptable purchase price does not exceed 30-32 rubles. his revolver.

    After making minor changes in the design of a revolver he had in the spring of 1895 took its final shape. May 13, 1895 decree of Emperor Nicholas II soldier and officer samples Nagan revolver were formally adopted by the army as a regular handgun.

    revolver nagant m 1895

    Nagant M 1895
    Produced by Belgian firm Nagant
    revolver nagant m 1895
    Nagant M 1895
    View of the drum with the door open Structurally

    revolver Nagant M 1895 is a compilation of previous models created Nagant brothers, obturation with propellant gases (The first gas-seal guns) and significant changes and improvements (barrel, front sight, drum capacity, size, etc).

    Revolver has a monolithic one-piece frame. On the left side of the frame is removable steel cover repeating base shape handle and designed for easy inspection and maintenance mechanisms weapons. In the frame arms screwed steel barrel-ring (previous models used octagonal barrel), which has 4 right-slicing. Under the barrel, on the movable sleeve is located rod-ejector sleeves, in firing position located in the axis of the drum. On the outer surface of the drum are oval slots and small valleys for fixing rotations of the drum. Trigger C-shaped. Trigger guard - moving and, if necessary, goes down. Wooden handle cheeks revolver fastened together with a screw. Steel butt plate convex oval handle, reinforced with movable ring for safety cord.

    revolver nagant m 1895
    Nagant M 1895
    Top view

    Sights consist of an open mobile flies having legs that slides into a slot on the barrel sight base and the rear sight in the form of a long sighting groove on top of the box, ending its ornamental sight.

    hammer-type firing mechanism with open hammer, hammer long rigidly fixed on the trigger, the trigger with hammering. Food arms ammunition carried by a cylindrical drum with seven of the bolt. Drum equips one patron through a hinged door to the right and down, on the right side weapons. Removal of spent cartridges from the drum shall be held alternately by means of the ejector rod-axis of the drum rotated around the trunk with his sleeve, and with the door open.

    revolver nagant m 1895
    Nagant M 1895
    Rear view

    When cocked revolver drum moves forward, and the cone-shaped stump trunk enters the mouth of the bolt. Located behind the cartridge movable breech block is held in place not only the drum, but bottom of a sleeve, not allowing them to move back. Characteristic distinguishing feature is particularly long striker, who gets to the primer of the cartridge, despite the presence of the breech and the displacement of the drum forward. When the drum is pushed onto the barrel, tapered Dultsev sleeve enters directly into the bore. When fired, under the influence of gases and moving bullet, it straightens up, blocking the gap between the bolt stump and trunk, resulting in all the powder gases remain inside the weapon.

    revolver nagant m 1895

    Nagant M 1895
    Diagram of the revolver

    In 1895, the tsarist government concludes with the Liege firm contract for the supply of Russian army over the next three years, 20,000 revolvers Nagant model 1895. In this case, the contract expressly stipulates the obligation of the Belgian side to assist Russia in establishing production revolvers Tula Arms Plant. So the very first samples with trigger mechanism double action purchased directly from the Belgian company Nagant brothers in Liege and intended primarily for weapons officers and NCOs. By the end of the 1890s their production ceased in Belgium and the Tula Arms Plant started its own production of Naganov where local gunsmiths have mastered not only the production but also simultaneously improved its technology and design.

    < td> Sighting range, m < / tr>
    Caliber, mm 7.62h38
    Length mm 236
    Barrel length, mm 114
    Weight empty, kg 0.750
    weight of ammunition, kg 0837
    drum count. cartridges 7
    Muzzle velocity, m / s 272
    Combat rate of fire, rds / min 14 - 21

    Experts admit that the revolver Nagant M 1895, stood in line with the most perfect examples of this weapon at the time. It is much superior in combat and operational qualities consisted before armed Russian revolver Smith & Wesson. Due to their reliability in operation, reliability of action and high hit fight he immediately won the love of the Russian army and was, if it is considered from the standpoint of the concepts of that era, a typical representative of military weapons - powerful, but at the same time simple and relatively cheap.

    Design revolver Nagant M 1895 has become a classic. Along with well-established production "Naganov" in Russia, and later the Soviet Union, where they performed at the Tula Arms and IMZ until 1945, many foreign companies have repeatedly copied its design. Thus, the Belgian firm Lepage, Vayard, Francott, as well as the German company in Suhl C. G. Haenel able to establish himself in the production as direct analogues and modified several revolvers Nagant model 1895. In the 1920-1930-ies Spanish armory firm F. Arizmendi y Goenaga produced modified revolver Nagan arr. 1895 chambered caliber 7.5 mm. Under the designation Model 30 revolver, he also produced the Polish government weapons arsenal in Radom using equipment purchased during liquidation in 1930, the Belgian brothers' company Revolver, which lasted until 1935.

    revolver nagant m 1895

    Nagant model 1895 year 1900
    Tula arms factory production


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