| RPG-2 |
In the final period of the Second World War, Soviet troops faced with massive use by the German army of a new type of anti-tank weapons - hand-held antitank grenade launchers. They proved to be effective (although the effect was later exaggerated) means of dealing with the Soviet tanks and a terrible assault weapons in urban combat, including trophy - in the hands of Soviet soldiers.
In the absence of their own weapons of this type (in the beginning of the war used rifle grenade VCG-40 grenade launcher and Dyakonova shompolnye Serdyukov VPGS garnet-41, was developed in 1944 as grenade PG-6, the gunman hand grenades the RPG-6 or 50-mm fragmentation mines ) captured RPG captured in large quantities, have been actively used in the Soviet army. Thus, the Soviet army had the opportunity to thoroughly review these grenade launchers (rocket-propelled grenades and "Bazooka" and PIAT, limited by the reports of Lend-Lease), learn their strengths and weaknesses and develop tactics application. By the end of the war there was a question on the development and launch of production of its own anti-tank grenade.
In 1944-45 in the USSR were tested RPG-1. However, it has not been possible to finalize and adopt it was not adopted.
When creating a new Soviet grenade was taken as a basis for the German "Panzerfaust».
After some modifications
new grenade launcher in 1947 was adopted by the Soviet Army under the designation of the RPG-2, and from 1949 began to enter the army.
Each office motorized rifle appeared effective means to destroy tanks in melee. Simplicity of the device and let a shot grenade launcher quickly master the troops. Creators grenade SG Korshunov and VF Kuzmin, after taking a grenade into service, was awarded the State Prize.
RPG-2 is designed to deal with tanks and self-propelled artillery systems. In addition it can be used for shooting armored car, armored personnel carriers, cupola (armored covers) and embrasures bunkers.
According to the general scheme
grenade launcher RPG-2 - is dinamoreaktivny reusable system with a shot of the active type.
Unlike German Panzerfaust Soviet RPG-2 has a more powerful trunk, providing multiple shooting and trigger trigger mechanism mounted in the pistol grip fire control.
unthreaded barrel grenade launcher was made of steel pipe rolling. On the breech, for his protection from clogging the ground at random utykanii vgrunt, screw fuse. In order to avoid scald your hands when shooting a grenade launcher in the trunk were fixed wooden laths.
welded to the barrel sight base, rear sight, and bottom - lugs for attachment of the trigger.
sighting device open - in the form of a folding front sight and folding sighting scope. Sighting frame has three windows, the bottom edge of each of which is provided with a slit in the middle. The lower window is used for aiming at distances up to 50 m, the average - up to 100 m, top - up to 150 m
hammer-type firing mechanism and the mechanism Boikova collected in the trunk, to deliver high reliability and ease of a shot.
Grenades for RPG-2
used for firing nadkalibernaya cumulative antitank grenade PG-2 82-mm caliber, capable of punching up to 180 millimeters of armor. Initial velocity grenades - 84 m / s.
The starting powder charge
Grenades dinamoreaktivny, ie shoots out of the barrel grenade launcher at recoilless scheme. PG-2 consisted of a shaped-charge warhead, the bottom fuse, stabilizer, and the powder charge. Stabilizers were fixed six flexible feathers swirled around the tube in the stowed position and unfolding after the departure of grenades from the barrel during firing grenades that provides stabilization in flight.
joined grenade on a threaded joint. It consisted of a paper tube filled with smoky gunpowder.
shot is fired by pressing the trigger, and you first need to manually cock located behind the operating handle.
| RPG-2 |
A - general view, B - trigger mechanism, B - Boikova mechanism;
1 - bead 2 - the front sight base, 3 - antabka 4 - barrel, 5 - Collar 6 - sighting frame 7 - base sighting scope, 8 - Panel 9 - base striker, 10 - trigger 11 - screw; 12 - Screw 13 - cheek handle 14 - fuse, 15 - Cover 16 - trigger, 17 - check; 18 - Spring, 19 - stop, 20 - axis of the trigger; 21 - screw whispered, 22 - sear, 23 - axis trigger, 24 - housing the trigger, 25 - pin; 26 - mainspring; 27 - flange, 28 - Washer, 29 - bearing bush, 30 - stop; 31 - the striker spring, 32 - pin, 33 - peen; and - cut;
B - ledge, in - channel d - hole; d - cut.
formed in the bore powder gases throw a grenade towards the goal. At this point, cocked tail fuze. When meeting with grenades barrier (purpose) drummer fuse moving forward and stabs sting detonator cap, resulting in an explosion of the explosive charge. Due to the presence in it of a spherical recess formed directed jet hot products of the explosion, which hit (burns) armor crew strikes, destroying weapons and equipment, ignite combustible materials.
When fired from a grenade launcher recoil is absent, as the powder gases freely flows outwards through the open breech.
relatively small size and weight provide grenade good maneuverability on the battlefield.
sufficiently high for this type of weapon firing rate provides repeated shelling targets in case of a miss fire and several simultaneously approaching targets.
pomegranate provides the same effect on the lethality of any range. Remote grenade fuze arming ensures the safety of a grenade launcher.
RPG-2 in combat position
And the bag with additional shots
Used Vietnamese fighter
payment grenade - 2 person shooter and carriers of ammunition. Shooter carries on itself launcher and three grenades in a special knapsack podnoschika carries three grenades.
RPG-2 was the first widely used by the Soviet anti-tank grenade launcher. In addition to the Soviet Army, he imported abroad countries allies of the USSR and used in various wars and conflicts. In particular, it was widely used during the Vietnam war against U.S. troops.
Because of the simplicity of design
, RPG-2 is a reliable and inexpensive weapon. In addition to the USSR, he was made under license in China (Type 56) and North Vietnam (B-40, B-50). Produced a copy of it in Egypt (PG-7).
| Caliber, mm || 40 |
| caliber grenades, mm || 80 |
| grenade Length, mm || 950 |
| length grenades without powder charge, mm || 500 |
| length grenades with gunpowder charge, mm || 670 |
| grenade Weight, kg || 2,86 |
| Weight grenades without powder charge, kg || 1,62 |
| Weight grenades with gunpowder charge, kg || 1,84 |
| grenade Muzzle velocity, m / s || 84 |
| Rate of fire / min || 6 |
| Sighting range, m || 150 |
Disadvantages RPG-2 include the following elements:
1. Shot from a grenade launcher accompanied by a strong sound, as well as the trunk is hand near his ear, then stun him greatly. Powder charge grenade consists of black powder, so the shot smoky cloud unmasks arrow. Due to the expiration of the free powder gases behind the arrow formed area dangerous for people, equipment and weapons. For the same reason you can not shoot a grenade while in a confined space (dugout, building, etc.).
2. Due to the low speed flight grenades accuracy strongly depends on weather conditions and wind speed (especially side). Hit firing a grenade launcher, even in calm weather is low. Hit a moving tank (APC, IFV) from a distance of 100 meters is almost impossible.
3. In the case of wet paper sleeve powder charge swells and can not be put in the trunk of a grenade launcher. Additionally, a small mechanical strength allows the liner to carry grenades in running form. Moist powder is not suitable for shooting. Large mass limits grenades carried ammunition.
RPG-2 was used in the USSR until 1960, when he was replaced by a more advanced and effective RPG-7.
When using the