| RPG-27 "Meadowsweet» |
In the stowed position
Despite the fairly high armor rocket-propelled grenades (suffice it to say that armor RPG-18, 22, 26 superior armor classical cumulative projectiles cannon artillery at the same caliber), they are not allowed to lead a successful fight against modern tanks fitted with explosive reactive armor (DZ).
In a combat situation
Therefore in 1983 was approved tactical and technical requirements (TTP) to create antitank rocket grenade increased efficiency (with tandem warhead) with a grenade launcher disposable RPG-27 "Meadowsweet».
This grenade Russian designers NGOs "Basalt" (Yu and A. Radchenko ships) managed to keep almost all the operational advantages RPG-26, with greatly increased efficiency.
RPG-27 is designed to engage armored targets with explosive reactive armor or spaced armor protection.
After field tests in August 1988 RPG-27 was presented at the military tests. In conclusion, by the military trials Commission was invited "antitank rocket grenade RPG-27" Meadowsweet "take the Soviet Army as a freelance agent along with the RPG-26 grenade." As a result, the RPG-27 was adopted in 1989 on arms CA USSR.
With grenade PG-27 in the context
Design launcher RPG-27 has remained virtually the same as in the RPG-26 and is a pipe-piece fiberglass. The ends of the trigger destructible closed when fired rubber caps.
differences affected only configuration safety strap.
In addition, the rear of the PU has a hinged metal fence, intended to ensure the safety needle from hitting the jet when firing from a prone position or shelters.
trigger device "Tavolgi" is a fiberglass tube and essentially no different from the launcher RPG-26.
trigger mechanism and sights "Tavolgi" similar structure to those of RPG-26.
Translation grenade from traveling to combat and back is carried out in the same order as that of the RPG-26. To bring in the firing position safety pin is removed and sights are in the firing position, with cocked trigger mechanism, and can be started by pressing the grenade trigger lever. If necessary, transfer the grenades back to the stowed position the trigger assembly is removed from combat platoon when lowering the rear sight sight in a horizontal position and fixing his linchpin.
When fired the starter behind the image of the danger zone to a depth of 30 meters and with a solution of 90 degrees.
antitank grenade PG-27 is a missile with tandem shaped-charge armor-piercing warhead 105mm (main warhead) and 64 mm (BC-leader designed to overcome the dynamic protection) and powder jet engine, fully practiced in the trunk of a disposable starting device. Stabilization grenades on the trajectory carried out by means of folding stabilizers and placed by the axial rotation of the garnet. Flight speed of grenade launching device - about 120 m / s.
When meeting with the barrier PG-27, the first flash forward cumulative warhead, initiating with bursting charge explosive reactive armor, and then with a certain time lag - the main cumulative warhead. This scheme allows a successful struggle with almost all modern tanks fitted with explosive reactive armor.
| Caliber front head part, mm || 64 |
| Caliber main warhead mm || 105 |
| Length mm || 1100 |
| Weight, kg || 7,5 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / with || 120 |
| blank range, m || 150 |
| Penetration mm |
(Homogeneous armor with
Sewn at an angle of 60 ° From normal)
| 350 |
charge of gunpowder mark 11/1 TR B / A. Nosecone explosive grenades kitted brand "Okfol».
dynamic protection does not affect the cumulative change in the direction of the jet of the main charge grenades, and reduces its disruptive actions. Therefore grenade PG-27 provides a guaranteed armor penetration behind ERA. According to various sources, it ranges from 650 to 800 mm (ie, almost all models of modern armored vehicles), and can be effectively used to destroy enemy personnel located in buildings of brick, concrete and fill timber shelters.
RPG-27 "Meadowsweet" rated as one of the most powerful and successful, from a constructive point of view, anti-tank weapons melee.
RPG-27 led to high reliability of weapons and does not require long-term specialized training its application. Small time bringing weapons in readiness to fire its application provides fast on suddenly appearing targets. Possibility of coupling two grenade pack simplifies their portability. With the adoption by the RPG-27, Russia's armed forces have received one of the most powerful anti-tank systems.
Based RPG-27 was developed reactive grenade assault RShG-1. Designers managed to achieve a very high degree of uniformity. Thus, in the starting device to increase the firing range was changed only sighting device. Warhead grenades borrowed from a grenade TBG-7, and the jet engine - a grenade RPG-27.