Ship eenitny rocket artillery system 'Dirk'



    surface ships

    management system:

    Office for radio








    8 km.

    year development:


    eenitny ship missile and artillery system 'cutlass' The anti-aircraft missile and artillery system ZM87 " Dirk "- a complex of self-defense of surface ships, designed to hit targets with missiles at the turn of 8000 up to 1500 m, and then surviving dostrel goals 30mm AO-18 assault rifles at a distance of 1500 m to 500 m

    Created at the end of the 1970s in the Instrument Design Bureau (KBP) (Tula) under the leadership of General Designer AG Shipunova. Subsequently received an "alias" "Chestnut" , under which it is proposed for export. Manufacturer - Tula Machine Works

    In 1983 prototype ZM87 (one module) has been installed on the missile boat, etc. 1241.7 "Lightning" (side number 952). Shipboard testing of the complex took place on the Black Sea. Adopt complex ZM87 enrolled in 1989.

    Eight ZM87

    modules were installed on the aircraft carrier, etc. 1143.5 "Admiral Kuznetsov", six modules - at the atomic cruiser pr 1144 "Admiral Nakhimov", two modules - two TFR 1154 Ave of "Fearless."

    the west range was designated SA-N-11 "Grison" .


    eenitny ship missile and artillery system 'cutlass' The complex" Dirk "is a command module and one to six combat modules.

    command module includes a radar target acquisition and data processing system, target allocation and targeting.

    combat module consists of rocket artillery system and a control system consisting of radar and television-optical channel.

    on the hinged part of the complex are mounted two blocks of 4 or 3 missiles placed in cylindrical transport and launch container weighing 60 kg. The two-stage solid propellant missile 9M311K (later the letter "K" has been removed from the index) with a unified air defense missile troop complex 2K22 "Tunguska." Missile control system with semi-automatic radio command link. Proximity fuze with a radius of 5 meters. 9M311 missile - the only domestic ship-Zour with high-rod warhead. Length of the rods 600 mm, diameter 4-9 mm. Rods over there "shirt", containing fragments ready - cubes weighing 2-3 grams. When you break the warhead rods form something like a ring radius of 5 meters in a plane perpendicular to the axis of the rocket. At a distance of more than 5 meters action rods and debris ineffective.

    eenitny ship missile and artillery system 'cutlass'

    Artillery unit consists of two 30-mm six-barrel installations ballistics and ammunition AK-630. The total rate of fire of about 10,000 rounds / min. Unlike the AK-630 blocks trunks put the muzzle to protect plant and containers with missiles from the propellant gases. Ammunition ZM87 is not in the turret room, and two 500 rounds drums located near units trunks. Food is not a tape machine and auger (bezzvenevoe).

    Complex "Dirk" allows you to fire up to 6 targets per minute. 9M311 missiles hit targets at 350m wide corridor to the right and left of the installation, at a distance of 8km for aircraft and 5km for RCC. Modular design and small weight and size allow you to place complex ships from missile boats to aircraft carriers, as well as ground-based facilities.

    the end of 1994 production of "Dirk" discontinued. Although originally intended to replace the "Dirk" at least most of the gun mounts AK-630, both under construction, and the composed in the ranks, the ships, which was unified ball shoulder straps and other parts of the installation AK-630 and ZM87. However, a number of projects on the ships "Dirk" does not pass from the deck height (2250 mm compared to 1070 mm at the AK-630).


    Range, km



    number of simultaneously engaged targets



    Weight Zour, kg


    Warhead weight, kg


    average flight speed Zour, m / s


    Maximum speed of the targeted objectives, m / s


    Maximum overload

    maneuvering targeted goals, g


    Complex weight




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