main purpose antimaterial rifle Barrett M82 series is the destruction of materiel and combat materiel, including vehicles, cockpit communications and radars, aircraft and helicopters parked. Another important role for them is to destroy unexploded ordnance from a safe distance.
large-caliber sniper rifle M82 was created by former law enforcement officers, 28 year old American Ronnie Barrett. Self-taught inventor developed the first working version of the rifle in his semi-basement garage workshop in 1982 (hence the name of the actual M82).
| Barrett M82 |
After unsuccessful attempts to sell his rifle design several world-renowned weapons companies such as Winchester and Fabrique National, Ronnie Barrett begins to engage in small-scale assembly and sale of rifles to the U.S. domestic market and in 1986 founds «Barrett Firearms Manufacturing, Inc.» for the release of his rifle to the point slightly modernized and received the designation M82A1 and Barrett in 1987 obtained a patent for his invention.
| Barrett M82A1 |
Early version with a cylindrical muzzle brake
| Caliber, mm || 12.7x99 ( .50 BMG) |
| Length mm || 1220 |
855 (model CQ)
| Barrel length, mm || 737 |
508 (model CQ)
| Weight empty, kg || 12.9 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / s || 855 |
| Capacity, |
| 10 |
| Effective range |
| 1800 |
first major success came to Barrett Firearms Company in 1989, when the Swedish army bought about 100 M82A1 rifles. This recognition of the rifle began in 1990, when the U.S. military bought a substantial number of M82A1 during military operations "Desert Shield" and "Desert Storm" held respectively in Kuwait and Iraq. About 125 rifles were initially bought by U.S. Marine Corps, then followed orders from the U.S. Army and Air Force. According to press reports, M82A1 also used special purpose units of the U.S. Navy SEALS against Iraqi troops in the Persian Gulf, and in 1992 the Marine Corps and U.S. Special Operations forces have bought 300 pieces M82A1. Further, the number of orders has increased steadily.
| Barrett M82A1 |
Barrett M82A1 received in the U.S. Army designation SASR - "Special Applications Scoped Rifle" ie, "special purpose rifle with telescopic sight".
Since the beginning of serial production Barrett M82 rifle was modified several times:
Barrett M82A1 - first modification known as the "Light Fifty". This model appeared in 1986 and had a few minor modifications to the design. It was introduced on the M82A1 characteristic of all Barrett muzzle compensator.
Barrett M82A2 - "radical" modified model, made in a "bullpup". M82A2 was developed in 1987 specifically for use against highly mobile targets and as a cheap weapon antivertoletnoe ("standard" model designed to destroy ground targets). Shooting was to be conducted only with the shoulder in order to reduce the impact, so as to use the receiver shoulder rest shop equipped with a special pad and pistol grip moved far forward as the optical sight. For added convenience, hold additional front handle. However, this version was pretty quickly discontinued due to lack of demand.
Barrett M82A1M - modified version of the M82A1. Modification is made according to the standards adopted in the U.S. Army. The new model was open sights (in case of failure of the primary, optical), the guide "Picatinny" allows installation sighting devices of various classes, removable carrying handle, and in addition, under the butt of weapons there is an additional folding bipod, which provides better stability when weapons shooting.
| Barrett M82A1M |
Barrett M82A3 - modification for the U.S. Marine Corps. From Barrett M82A1M characterized by the absence of additional bipod under the butt and fixed carrying handle that can be mounted on a bracket type "Picatinny". Mechanism and barrel rifles were slightly alleviated undergone processing and muzzle brake.
| Barrett M82A3 |
Barrett M107 (M82A1/M107) - it is actually a model M82A1M, but with slight changes in technology designed to improve the reliability of the rifle.
| Barrett M107 |
Barrett M107CQ (M82A1/M107CQ) - version for use by helicopters and armored vehicles, the main difference from the base case is shortened by 9 inches barrel (508 mm to 737 mm in the full-length of the sample).
| Barrett M107CQ |
With a short barrel
In addition, based on M82A1 was a prototype of a new weapon OSW (Objective Sniper Weapon - Unbiased sniper weapon), which is a M82A1, perestvolennuyu shot under 25 mm automatic grenade launcher from the perspective OCSW. Experimental rifle showed improved performance on all kinds of purposes, but recoil when firing was almost unbearable conventional shooter.
Main parts and mechanisms
series M82 Sniper rifles are built on the basis of automation with a short recoil. Locking barrel - turning the bolt, 3 lugs. After the shot barrel rigidly locked gate rolled back by 25 mm, and then pin on the mash, interacting with shaped cutout in the bolt carrier, forces the bolt to turn and unlock the trunk. Thereafter trunk "zooms" accelerator lever which transmits energy rollback stem the slide frame, causing the opening of the shutter. Barrel stops and shutter extracts and ejects the spent case. The trunk is returned to the forward position under the action of its return spring. Gate under its own return spring comes to the front position, on the way into the barrel dosylaya new cartridge from the magazine, and then closes the trunk. Drummer sear cocked statement on the motion of the gate ahead.
This system significantly reduces recoil momentum when shooting that in combination with the use of a muzzle compensator original design possible to reduce the impact of weapons, which in turn had a positive impact on the accuracy of fire and durability of those rifles.
trigger mechanism striker type, only a single fire mode. Extraction of spent cartridges produced through the window on the right side of the receiver.
Receiver is made of two split halves (upper and lower), stamped from sheet steel and connected by cross-pins. Towards the bottom half of the receiver attached neck shop pistol grip and folding bipod to the top - for mounting an optical sight and a folding carrying handle. The back side of the bottom of the receiver is used as a stock and equipped with rubber butt pad.
trunk is massive, with longitudinal dales and to facilitate improved cooling, fitted with an effective muzzle brake to reduce recoil.
Muzzle Brake - the original two-chamber design that absorbs up to 30 percent efficiency. However, this design does not hide compensator flames shot, which is a strong factor in unmasking.
The rifle is equipped with a folding
open iron sights and mounting optical and night sight, usually 10X.
Food rifle cartridges made from detachable box magazine capacity of 10 rounds.
rifle equipped with a bipod, identical in design bipod M60. In addition, on the underside of the receiver, there are special mountings for the rifle infantry machine-gun machine-tripod type M3 or M122, also with a special shock-absorbing cradle can be mounted on a rifle Technology (jeeps, armored personnel carriers).
Rifle has the sling attachment, but its difficult to carry on a belt big long and weighing weapons. Transport rifles carried out in special soft or hard case.
| Barrett M82A1 |
In carrying case
rifle Accuracy is about 1.5 - 2 minutes of arc (1.5 - 2 MOA) using match grade ammunition.
Barrett M82 series rifles are in service with the Army and police units in more than 40 countries worldwide. Among the major users of Army, Marine Corps, U.S. Coast Guard, Armed riot police and Belgium, Chile, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom.