M1 Garand i>
In 1936, American military weapons taken self-loading rifle M1 "Garand". The new rifle was developed by Canadian John Garand Kantiusom under 7.62-mm cartridge (.30-06).
Designed to replace
outdated by the time the rifle "Springfield M1903" Garand rifle was the first semi-automatic rifle entered service as the primary infantry small arms. Introduction of new weapons, as usual, caused much controversy in the ranks of the American command. Before the rifle was finally accepted into service in its construction were significant changes: first of all, and changed the caliber cartridge (original version had chuck kalibra.270 Winchester).
| Caliber, mm || .30 - 06 Springfield |
(7.62? 63 mm),
7.62? 51 NATO
| Weight empty, kg || 4.32 |
| Length, || 1100 |
| Barrel length, mm || 610 |
| Muzzle velocity bullets, m / s || 865 |
| Sighting range, m || 550 |
| Capacity count. cartridges || 8 (.30-06 Springfield), |
10 (.276 Pedersen)
In 1939 D. Garand, in connection with military censures, also alters the vapor system. M1 rifles were issued prior to 1939 were equipped with a special muzzle degassing from the bore. As a result of all these changes to the beginning of World War II, the United States received reliable rapid-fire guns. By rate of M1 rifle "Garand" far superior rifle with manual reset (Mauzer 98 Mosina, etc.), which gave the U.S. Marines a distinct advantage. Average arrows per minute from M1 could do 16 to 24 aimed shots. Gunslinger could have done 30 rounds per minute, ie more than double consisting of M1 to the U.S. Army rifle "Springfield M1903".
| M1C Garand i> |
Rifle "Garand" M1 had a lot of options, including as a sniper weapon.
Mounting methods of optical sights for M1 Garand i>
Sniper "Garand" as a regular weapon was adopted in 1944.
Version sniper "Garand" were different, such as M1C, M1E7, M1D and M1E8. During World War II, they were produced in limited quantities. The only difference between these two options is the scopes and their fastenings.
During the Korean War (1950-1953 GG) U.S. Armed Forces have been widely used sniper rifles M1c and M1D.
In 1951 sniper rifle M1c "Garand" was adopted as the main sniper rifle Marine Corps. Sniper versions were equipped with M84 gun, as well as a flame arrester (tapered on M1C and slit - on M1D), was added to the stock removable leather pillow under his cheek.
| M1D Garand i> |
M1 "Garand" - automatic rifle with a gas engine, gas escape hole is at the muzzle of the barrel, gas piston under the barrel and connected to the bolt. The spring is located inside the gas piston and interacts with the dispenser cartridge from the magazine. Shutter moves inside milled receiver, and locked her for turning to the right on the two lugs. The valve has a slide stop being included on the feeder all cartridges are fired from the store.
M1 Garand i>
Shock trigger mechanism, so when the weapon is entirely separated from the receiver.
Food arms ammunition is carried out of the store for 8 rounds, store loading is carried out in batches for 8 rounds, inserted from the top at the open gate. To accelerate the production of reloading the last shot empty cartridge is ejected automatically pack up to make room for the next burst of bullets. This interesting system, accelerating practical rate, had the disadvantage that the release of empty packs accompanied by a sharp sound that could alert the enemy that rifle ammunition exhausted.
Lodge M1 rifle - wood, with separate forearm and upper handguard.
Rifles M1 can be equipped with bayonet, wear on the muzzle, and the muzzle-launcher to launch rifle grenades using blank cartridges.
Rifle M1 "Garand" was produced until 1957 and was the U.S. Army prior to the 1960s.
During WWII M1 rifles produced by Springfield arsenal and Winchester, with the start of the Korean War, Americans have resumed production of M1, which, besides the already mentioned Springfield Armory were involved in the company Harrington & Richardson and International Harvester Company.