| Zf. Kar. 98k |
sniper rifle "Zf. Kar.98k" is a development concern Mauser-Werke A. G., and appeared as a result of numerous modifications rifle Mauser Gewehr brothers in 1871.
In the 60s of the XIX century brothers Mauser rifles engaged in the development and in 1871 the Prussian army was adopted by rifle Gewehr 1871 or simply "71".
Later on, Gewehr 1871 models were created "Gew.88", "Gew.89", "Gew.92", "Gew.93", "Model 94," M96.
In 1898 Mauser rifle creates, which connected all the new items that have been tested on samples of export 90s. The rifle was designated "Gew.98" and was adopted by the German Army April 5, 1898.
| Gew.98 |
rifle consisted of: barrel to the receiver, the trigger box stores, sights, with a continuous box handguard, bayonet, cleaning rod and the instrument.
shutter consisted of 9 items and included: stem with handle, coupling, trigger, drummer with the mainspring, ejector and fuse. Coupling unite all parts shutter. Stem had three lugs: two front and one near the handle. Front tabs for locking included in the annular groove of the receiver, rear projection and enhanced the locking mechanism prevents unwanted rotation of the shutter. Small flap gate served to reflect powder gases in the event of a breakthrough from the chamber.
| Caliber, mm || 7,92 x57 |
| Weight empty, kg || 3.70 |
| Length mm || 1100 |
| Barrel length, mm || 600 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / s || 755 |
| Sighting range, m || 2000 |
| Rate of fire rds / min || 15 |
| Capacity count. cartridges || 5 |
Battle and safety platoons were on the trigger.
fuse three-position, rocker, was located in the rear of the bolt and had the following positions: horizontally to the left - "fuse included, bolt locked"; vertically - "fuse included, bolt-free"; horizontally to the right - "fire." The circuit breaker "up" used for loading and unloading the weapon extraction gate. Fuse easily switched with the right thumb. Location bolt handle above the trigger guard accelerated reloading and not allowed to shoot down with the tip-off.
Shop - middle-in-line five cartridges, charges of plate holder. Unloading the store - one patron, work release. Cartridge feeding reliably "heading" bevel chamber and reflector. Arms ammunition feed mechanism is compact and easy; staggered arrangement of cartridges guarantee from double feeding and made a special cut-off unnecessary.
ejection from the receiver carried ejector attached to the left side of the receiver (on the latch bolt), and passes through a longitudinal slot in the gate.
Rifle stocked sector sight of Langa rectilinear motion along the base of the clamp and sculpted groove on the bar.
Lodge received pistol cervical protrusion.
Ramrod fastened by screwing in shompolnye emphasis. Ramrod was short and to clean the bore were screwed two ramrod.
| Kar.98k |
In 1908, a new version of the rifle on the basis of "Gew.98", which received the designation "Kar.98a".
In 1923 was released carbine "K98b." In fact, he was not so much a carbine, and a modification of the "Gew.98" simplified sector sight, bent down bolt handle and a curved front pin box - for the convenience of making carbines goats.
Zf. Kar. 98k
Used by a German soldier
in 1935 as a single sample of personal weapons for all the armed forces of the Wehrmacht adopted a new universal 7.92mm carbine "Karabiner 98 kurz" (Kar.98k or just K98k) replaced rifle "Gew.98", and also carbines "98a" and "98b".
trunk was shortened even compared to "98a". Bolt handle was bent down 90 degrees and placed in the recess box, belt fastened on the side of a simple sling. Application of these decisions made quite compact carbine weapon suitable for arming various arms (infantry, cavalry, motorcyclists, artillerymen, sappers, etc.). Due to changes in the slots of the receiver under the accelerated clip loading: shutter pushed out an empty clip, while moving forward. Was introduced slide catch: for expenditure of ammunition feeder store delaying the shutter in the rear position, which served as a signal for a shooter, very useful in the dynamics of the fight. In the through-hole butt was attached a metal ring (disk) is used as a stop during disassembly and drummer shutter and spring.
Thanks to good performance and ballistic qualities - reliability in operation, ease of handling and study, disassembly and assembly, hit battle, convenience in bayonet fighting - new carbine gained popularity in the army and became one of the most abundant species of the German small arms. < / p>
"K98k" well-matched conditions fighting the Second World War.
Zf. Kar. 98k
With optical sight Zielfernrohr 39 (ZF.39)
In 1935 - 1938 years. firm Mauser-Werke A. G. produced sniper variant of the basic model "98k".
aimed fire from rifles with optical sights snipers were at a distance of 400 - 600 m, inflicting considerable damage.
The receiver carbines "K98k" tides made with slots for mounting optical sights commercial type with 4 - and 6-fold increase, allowing sharpshooters to deliver fire at ranges up to 800 m
sight, standing on top of the receiver box that overlaps the slot for a standard rifle clips, so that the charge had sniper rifles on one cartridge, which greatly reduces their ability in a real combat situation.
In 1939 Wehrmacht sniper rifle adopted nationwide "Zf. Kar.98k" with 4X optical sight Zf.39, mountable in the slots of the receiver tides.
Zf. Kar. 98k
With optical sight Zielfernrohr 41 (Zf.41)
In a small number of these rifles used during the attack on the Soviet Union in 1941, however, already the first major combat experience caused numerous complaints of soldiers on sniper weapons with an eye ZF.39.
In the same 1941 last replaced more perfect 1.5x Zf.41, mountable now aiming to block, with a special device eliminates the swing in a horizontal plane.
new sight allowed to charge a sniper rifle "Mauser" from the five-shot clips.
partly for the same reason (installation on the sighting block), and also because of the short length of the sight of his field of vision was only 1.5 degrees. These and other features Zf.41 not allow the arrow to quickly capture a moving target.
In the end, after two years, decided to go back to the original location of the sight in the slots of the receiver tides.
Only in 1944, a new 4-fold aim ZF.4 - Modernized Zf.39 - with the possibility of amending the two planes and improved fastening, which allowed re-install it on the receiver.
Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front were equipped with a sniper weapon in the first place.
Zf. Kar. 98k
With optical sight Zielfernrohr 4 (ZF.4)