| sniper rifle Mosin sample 1891/1930
With a sniper rifle Mosin sample 1891/1930
With optical sight PE
first major baptism sniper weapon passed during the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939-40., when the great qualities of the Soviet rifles equipped with scopes VP, PT and PE were tested combat practice.
bet that in the prewar years, the military high command made by the widespread introduction of the system of automatic weapons infantry weapons, led to what is already in the 1937 sniper rifle sample 1891/30 years. planning to replace the 7.62-mm automatic sniper rifle system SG Simonov (FAA) of the sample in 1936, however, high dissipation even when shooting single lamp promoted that was made just a small game sniper rifle Simonov. And just three years later, in 1940, to replace the 7.62mm sniper rifle model 1891/30 years. comes a new 7.62-mm self-loading rifle sniper Tokarev (SVT) of the sample in 1940 PU scope was considerably enhanced compared to its predecessors and weighed 0.27 kg. Mounting bracket sight PU top of the receiver, also developed by FV Tokarev, allows shooting with an open eye on the sector range to 600 m
However, the harsh reality
fights initial period of the Great Patriotic War has convincingly proved that a sniper rifle SVT-40, despite its many advantages, is much inferior to its predecessor on the key indicator for this type of weapon - the accuracy of fire. Numerous complaints as they came from the front SVT sniper forced the Soviet military command again to recall the old, undeservedly forgotten sniper rifle sample 1891/30 years. In October 1941 sniper SVT-40 is removed from production.
In early 1942, Izhmash restores production sniper rifles sample 1891/30 years., but they have been designed under a unified sight PU designed specifically for sniper SVT-40. However, and this rifle had some shortcomings: soldiers not satisfied in the first place, its mass and its considerable length, resulting in long-term work with her bored sniper, rifle low rate - 10-12 aimed shots per minute is also not quite meet the requirements of modern transience maneuverable combat.
| sniper rifle Mosin sample 1891/1930 |
With optical sight PU
Special criticism is unregulated trigger as tight descent is not ensured that the accuracy of aiming during firing. Daylight simplified and cheaper production technologies have led to the fact that the lodge, which in 1942 began to be made from birch billets, often gave the leash, which used to have weapons, which had high quality walnut box, did not occur. Some snipers noted insufficient quality production optics, in particular sights PU Release 1943-44. In addition, the conclusion of soldiers at reconciliation and bringing the rifle to normal combat setting on the scale drum vertical amendments sight not always coincide with the actual distances and frequent change a drum vertical amendments gave horizontal deflection.
| Caliber, mm || 7.62 |
| Length mm || 1232 |
| Barrel length, mm || 729 |
| Weight empty, kg || 4.0 |
| Capacity count. cartridges || 5 |
| Sighting range, m || 1000 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / s || 865 |
was felt ill-placed optical sight PU rifle. In particular it was noted that the sight is located away from the shooter's eye, causing the sniper aiming at you have to tear the butt cheek of up to 3 cm and crane your neck (to watch the entire field of view without the crescent-shaped shadows on the edges). Due to improper eye arrow head position deviated from the optical axis of the sight, causing an error in aiming.
During the Great Patriotic War, Soviet snipers used the following ammunition: 7.62 mm rifle cartridges with light, heavy, armor-piercing (B-30), armor-piercing incendiary (B-32), sighting-incendiary (PZ) and tracer (T-46) bullets. Cartridges with light and heavy bullets are usually used for firing at enemy troops, with armor-piercing ammunition and armor-piercing incendiary bullets - to destroy settlements guns, artillery (especially direct fire guns) and MFR (RPG), as well as for shooting embrasures bunkers and pillboxes at the telescope, vehicles and diving plane. Chucks with incendiary bullet used to ignite objects hindering observation and fire harboring snipers and fill timber enemy firing points; cartridges with a tracer bullet - for targeting (and only in the offensive). Sighting (explosive) bullets used for shooting flammable objectives and to adjust shooting at moving and stationary targets, as a rule, Soviet snipers during the war, almost never used. Wearable ammo depended sniper tasks performed and the type of combat (offensive or defensive).
in 1941-1943. "Izhmash" handed over the front 330 000 sniper rifles sample 1891/30 years. The war experience has shown that this rifle with PU scope is one of the best in its class and surpasses similar weapon of the enemy (7.92mm sniper rifle German Zf. Kar. 98 k). Czechoslovakia in 1949-1951. Designer Otakar Galash based on this weapon was actually created a new sniper rifle, known as arr. 54.
In 1960, this work was continued in the USSR, where on the basis of the famous Soviet Mosin rifle gunsmith EF Dragunov created several modifications sporting rifle for target shooting - AB and AVL.