In the first half of the 1970s in Romania as a tactical analog Soviet semi-automatic rifle developed a new SVD sniper rifle chambered for 7.62x54R, which received the designation «PSL» (Pusca Semiautomata cu Luneta - semi-automatic rifle with a telescopic sight).
| Caliber, mm || 7.62x54R |
| Length mm || 1166 |
| Barrel length, mm || 605 |
| Weight empty, kg || 4.3 |
| Capacity count. cartridges || 10 |
| Muzzle velocity, m / s || 830 |
< td> Effective range, m
| 800 |
Romanian rifle was similar to the Soviet SVD, but had her design differences on almost all sites, as designed on the basis of Kalashnikov AKM / RPK.
PSL sniper rifle uses a vapor-automatic "AK type" long-stroke gas piston and a rotating bolt with two lugs.
Receiver "like the PKK" is stamped from sheet steel with reinforcing plates riveted to the rear.
Left on the receiver is a guide to install the scope mount. Standard optical sight was adopted model LPS-2 4X, is a simplified copy of the Soviet sight PSO-1. Army sights LPS-2 had a tritium illuminated reticle with limited lifetime. Open iron sights with whole-adjustable range from 100 to 1200 meters in 100 meters.
Sniper Rifle PSL (bottom)
In comparison with SVD (top)
Food arms ammunition made from detachable box magazine capacity of 10 rounds.
Butt skeletal structure with a comb, wooden foregrip, with characteristic wooden handguard having a length less than the handguard.
Under the barrel rifles PSL tide provided for mounting a bayonet-knife.
PSL sniper rifle was adopted by the Romanian Army and was exported widely, primarily - in Africa and the Middle East (Iraq and other countries in the region). After the collapse of the Warsaw Pact considerable number of rifles were withdrawn from service in Romania and sold for export. In addition, some of these rifles were specially produced for sale on the civilian commercial markets.
PSL rifles were given the designations PSL-54C, FPK, FPK Dragunov, Romak-3 (Romanian Avtomat Kalashnikov 3) and SSG-97 (ScharfSchutzenGewehr 1997) and released as chambered 7.62x54 mm and 7.62x51 mm under . Due to its destination on the civilian market weapons these rifles had no attachment for bayonet-knife in the trunk, as well as equipped with a modified trigger mechanism does not allow the use of automatic firing type.
firing rifles different series and model years may show very different results, as a rule, ensuring accuracy of 1 to 3 minutes of arc (MOA) with an effective range of up to 800 meters.
production model rifles carried Romanian PSL now RATMIL. Following the consolidation of military arsenals when Romania joined NATO, arms production was transferred to the SC Fabrica de Arme Cugir SA (ARMS arsenal).