Submarine 659





    attack submarines



    General characteristics

    Length (m):


    Width (m):


    Displacement (tons):


    Speed (knots):


    Immersion depth (m):


    Draft (m):


    nuclear reactor:





    torpedo tubes:

    6 533 mm
    4 406 mm


    6 P-5

    submarine 659

    Government decision on the establishment of an SSGN project "659" was adopted on 25 (26) August 1956

    In September 1956, simultaneously with the development of SSBN etc. 658 CDB-18 has begun to develop the technical design of nuclear submarines armed with six winged raketamiP-5 - project "659." Development of both projects was conducted in parallel in the same time. Chief designer of Project 659 was appointed PP Pustyntsev, his deputy - Nikolai A. Klimov. October 23, 1956, when a significant part of the project has been developed in-Chief of VMFS. Gorshkov approved tactical and technical requirements for the development of nuclear submarine missile weapons - P5 complex, destined to strike aircraft missiles on naval bases, ports, industrial and administrative center, located on the coast and in the hinterland within reach flight aircraft missiles.

    October 19, 1957 at a meeting of the Presidium of the CPSU Central Committee considered the progress of construction of Soviet missile-carrying submarine fleet. Was approved long-term plan of building submarines, according to which by 1961 already supposed to pass 32 fleet submarines with cruise missiles P-5. Continued construction of the carriers of these missiles was planned and VII Five-Year Plan (1961 - 1965 gg.).

    By the end of the technical design boat out a technical project of Missile. As a result of the technical solutions adopted for the main weapons are approximate and all necessary changes have been made to the design stage, as well as in the construction and even during the test head SSGN.

    Building submarines of "659" will be conducted by them. Lenin Komsomol in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Outer contours, based on the conditions of use of rocket weapons complex on the surface, were chosen as well as on the 658 project. Sharpening contours of bow allowed to provide non sweep the deck at speeds up to full topside. Particular attention was paid to the search of the outer body contours that when placing containers with cruise missiles would not lead to a sharp increase towing resistance underwater. After considering several options, the most appropriate was considered lifting the superstructure deck at a height equal to the diameter of the missile containers, which provide accommodation for all containers below deck superstructure.

    submarine 659

    In I quarter 1957 technical design SSGN etc. "659" has been completed and the project was submitted for approval, and then, without waiting for approval in the high places, CDB-18 has begun to develop a working project. Despite the difficulties encountered in the development of the project (test missile system S-5 were difficult and lasted until 1959.) Development of drawings was completed in October 1957., Which enabled the construction of submarines - in September 1958, the first section pressure hull were taken to the stocks (number 3 boathouse dock "A") and December 20, 1958 the laying of the lead submarine of "659".

    plant them. Lenin Komsomol second in the country began to build nuclear submarines and largely used the experience of the plant in Severodvinsk, provided substantial assistance in the organization of building submarines.

    submarine 659

    missile containers were interlocked in pairs in three blocks. Each unit containers climbed starting angle of 15 ° by turning on a stationary hollow axle, which is located inside communication connecting the missile and submarine vessel - power to bortrazemam missiles, as well as to the means for the necessary parameters of the microclimate in the container, and Yar. Before the start of containers, raised at the starting angle, fixed stops, both covers (front and back) were opened. Lifting containers by means of hydraulic lifts, placed in 2, 6 and 7 compartments submarines. All containers were raised for 140 seconds, the lid open for 20-25 seconds.

    Shestiraketny volley could be carried out in a specific sequence (6-3-2-5-4-1) where the containers 1 and 2 refer to the nose block to the average 3-4 and 5-6 to the aft.

    Cruise missiles were submitted to the submarine fully Wet installed warhead and hinged starting engines. The shooting was done in bearing equal to the rate of the submarine. Time after surfacing submarine to launch the first rocket was about 4 minutes, the preparation and launch of six cruise missiles was about 12.5 minutes.

    submarine 659

    Through the open back cover of the container fell into the exhaust vent oiled enclosure placed behind the containers. The first design of these vygorodok failed - boosters "rear" missiles at startup captured exhaust gases "front" and glohli missiles. The geometry of the vapor vygorodok was changed so that the exhaust gas jet directed away from the rocket launch, which together with the above-described sequence of launch rockets and ensured reliability 6-missile salvo.

    had double-hulled submarine architecture. Robust housing with a diameter of 6.8 m was divided into nine watertight compartments. Unsinkable design provides freeboard when filled with water of any of the compartments.

    SSBNs "659" th project held their relatively short service in the Pacific Fleet. In the area of the reach of their missiles were targets on the U.S. West Coast (which are, in particular, the largest aircraft factories Boeing Company in Seattle and other important industrial, military and administrative centers), Hawaii, Japan and the Panama Canal. Probably SSGN project "659" and considered as promising vehicles for weapons of young Chinese Navy (but cooling of Sino-Soviet relations in the early 60s. Interrupted by several decades of military-technical cooperation between the two great powers ).

    K-45 1960/1990

    10.09.1981g. Icebreaker made the transition to the area of training, the bridge was the commander. By order of the operations duty officer of the Pacific Fleet submarine set course 0 ° and at a speed of 12.5 knots. Radiometry reported on three clusters of fishing vessels and the commander of the boat decided to go to the motion by motors for easier maneuvering. Divisional Connection ignored the decision of the commander and ordered to leave the former regime of motion. Bonding with groups of surface targets, the submarine made several changes course for 5-6 minutes (to 5 hours 39 min.) On the boat were not taken security measures appropriate setting approach to the area, constricted for navigation. Was not increased combat readiness was not functioning combat information center, and officer of the watch commander sent into the radio for the next session radio. Commander of the nuclear submarine believed that all detected targets are drifting and took no action even after the report of the immutability radiometrists bearing and distance reduction.

    Meanwhile, RTMS "Novokachalinsk" quickly came closer to the submarine. At 6 o'clock 03 minutes distance was already less than 5 cables and trawler suddenly turned sharply to the left. Commander of the nuclear submarine suddenly discovered the red fire of unknown side of the ship and ordered signalman red rocket fire and give a series of glimpses spotlight toward an approaching vessel. The "Left on board" and "Reverse" too late and 05 minutes 6:00 submarine "K-45" trawler collided with, causing him ramming attack stem. In board a trawler formed hole of 3.5 m by 6.0 m resulting in "Novokachalinsk" sank, while the nuclear submarine noted severe damage to the bow of the outer hull and sonar.

    K-59 1961/1990

    K-66 1961/1990

    06.05.1966g. Database when charging AB fire occurred in the turbine compartment. Quenching with the help of IDPs-52 gave no results. With the vessel approached "PUS-4" hose was served through the hatch VIII compartment fire extinguishing cooling turbine compartment bulkhead. The fire was put out of action remote control GEMs both sides, power cables and other equipment. Probable cause of the fire was the trigger to launch briquettes regenerative cartridge RP-46, stored in the aft compartment Partitions VI.

    K-122 1962/1983

    20.08.1980g. during the next long voyage submerged at 21.00 during training when transferring loads from the left to the right TG caused a fire in a compartment VII. started surfacing submarine surfaced. Fire-extinguishers, was served in a compartment only 8 minutes after a fire. Personnel managed to bring VII of the compartment to supply fire-extinguishers. In VIII compartment was 31 people, 9 of whom had no personal protective equipment (PPE). Nine of these were transferred to IX compartment. However sealing IX compartment has not been provided, which led to the poisoning of the personnel who had no PPE. Fire in compartment VII had so intense that a robust housing in the area to red-hot crimson. Only threefold application system LOCH thereby eliminating fire. Submarine was unmanageable, with personnel on the upper deck, without GDI and power. 14 people were killed.

    K-259 1962/1990

    30.06.84g. during BP in the sea there was a fire in the compartment VII, where there were 10 people. Due to the heavy smoke and inability to estimate accurately place fire was decided on the withdrawal of the personnel compartment through VIII. Were stopped GTZA both sides. Toxic gas poisoning received 2 people.

    submarine 659


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