.

Submarine 667A Andromeda

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    Country

    Russia

    type

    attack submarines

    feature

    submarine

    General characteristics

    Length (m):

    152

    Width (m):

    14,7

    Displacement (tons):

    13600

    Speed (knots):

    23

    Immersion depth (m):

    450

    nuclear reactor:

    2

    Crew:

    112

    Vooruzhenie

    torpedo tubes:

    4 533 mm
    2 406 mm

    PAC:

    12 ZM-35

    submarine 667A Andromeda

    parallel with work on the creation of small subsonic strategic cruise missiles, designed to start from standard torpedo tubes, in our country, in accordance with the government resolution on December 9, 1976 started the development of a fundamentally new class of naval strategic arms - supersonic (M = 2.5-3.0) KR with a range of over 5,000 km. Selecting a range determined by the desire to avoid entering the submarine carrier in the active zone of the U.S. anti-submarine warfare. In addition, it was required to hit enemy territory deep enough.

    submarine 667A Andromeda

    Development supersonic missile system "Meteor-M" with KR ZM25 was entrusted KB Chelomey. In parallel with the marine version of the "Meteorite" (hence the index "M" in the name of the complex) developed variants of air (medium - Tu-95) and ground-based. When creating a rocket was found many original technical solutions providing long flight KR height of 20 km at a speed of 3,500 km / h

    For processing and testing complex "Meteor-M" project "667A Andromeda" was refitted submarine K-420 Project 667A Navaga. Work on upgrading the ship carried in Severodvinsk 1982-1985 gg. Tactical number was changed to CS-420.

    submarine 667A Andromeda

    project envisaged placing 12 missile launch canisters ZM-25, located at the board outside the pressure hull - mezhdubortnom in space at an angle of 45 ° Significant dimensions of the CD and missile containers, respectively, as well as their number (12 missiles) had a significant impact on the architectural constructive look SSGN. In the area of placing missile containers (on the sides in the middle part PL) was increased from 11.7 m to 15.0 m, width of the outer shell. Diameter PC in this area, on the contrary, was reduced diameter against PC dismantled compartments BR. This required to form a new average unit housing (three compartments) instead cut missile submarine base compartments, extend the length of the ship is about 20 m and a width of 15 m, which led to a change in architectural oblikaPL after conversion. In the new 4 and 5 compartments housed equipment prelaunch and launch "clover" shipboard control equipment and systems daily prelaunch service (AU KSPPO) "Kite-44" pnevmogidrosistemy KSPPO, and the third (5) bis - residential and socio-domestic premises for the crew. Produced some rearranging and the central post in connection with the installation of a new system of complex control missile, a new navigation system "Tobol-AT", complex means of radio communication "Lightning-LM1" and sonar system "Rubicon".

    Torpedoes, power plant and major general ship systems submarine remained practically unchanged.

    Launch ZM-25 "Thunder", made on the aerodynamic configuration "duck" with folding swept-wing and vertical tail folding two-keel, equipped with turbojet sustainer and two starting liquid boosters, had a launch weight of 12,650 kg (6380 kg without accelerator) had maximum flight speed of 3500 km / h and firing range of more than 5,000 km. KR flight proceeded at altitudes 22-24 km, which, combined with a high supersonic speed, low radar signature and fully autonomous guidance system fail-safe, made KR virtually invulnerable to modern U.S. air and missile defense.

    first launch KR on board a submarine in the Barents Sea took place on December 26, 1983, and in 1984, a series of 21 test launch. However, in time to bring the missile failed, work was delayed. In addition, the cost of retrofitting a complex "Meteor-M" SSBN 667 outputted by the SALT-1, was too high. As a result of the program in the early 90s were discontinued.





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