.

Submarine 667B Murena

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    Country

    Russia

    type

    Missile Submarine

    feature

    submarine

    General characteristics

    Length (m):

    139

    Width (m):

    11,7

    Displacement (tons):

    13700

    Speed (knots):

    26

    Immersion depth (m):

    320

    Draft (m):

    8,4

    nuclear reactor:

    2 VM-4B

    Crew:

    120

    Vooruzhenie

    torpedo tubes:

    4 533 mm
    2 400 mm

    Ballistic missiles:

    12 RSM-40

    submarine 667B moray

    military shipbuilding Plan 1969 - 1980 gg. envisaged the creation of a sustainable strategic nuclear missile submarine system with long-range weapon, complementing ICBM land-based components while the foundation of nuclear missile arsenal. This decision was largely due to the creation of a powerful system in the U.S. sonar detection of Soviet submarines in their paths crossing. The system «SOSUS» sonar system included antennas located under the water along the North American coast, as well as an automated means of signal processing shumopelengovaniya onshore data centers. Extremely unpleasant situation arose when each submarine, which was published in the Atlantic, could be in the range of the American system of underwater observations recorded and transmitted for further support maneuverable anti-submarine forces. All this created our submarine forces serious problems. Their solution was made possible by reducing the noise of nuclear submarines, and as a result of changes in areas of combat patrols. As part of the military shipbuilding planned construction of new nuclear missile submarines, is a further development of submarines 2nd generation 667-year project.

    should be noted that, unlike the Soviet Union, the emphasis is placed on the creation of new missile boats, the U.S. Navy launched a deep modernization of previously constructed missile submarines type Lafayette. Boats U.S. Navy prepared to adopt new missile Poseidon C3 missile equipped with multiple reentry warhead with warheads individual guidance. Development of Soviet strategic missile submarines of the second generation came primarily in the direction of increasing their range missile. New missile complex D-9 missile RSM-40 had to have a range three times greater than D-6. If possible, install a boat navigation system did not provide the required accuracy shooting rocket having traditional inertial guidance system. As a result, VP Makeev together with SRI of leaders, and NGOs NIIAP "Geophysics" decided to create a board of azimuthal astrocorrection allowing to specify the position of the stars in the space rocket and adjust the direction of its movement. Further development of the missile fire control allowed five to seven times to reduce time prelaunch and, most importantly, to ensure the start of all ammunition in one salvo. For increasing the combat capabilities of the missile system had to pay an increase in the weight and dimensions of the rocket. Compared to R-27 PCM-40uvelichilas length by 40%, case diameter - 20%, and the starting weight - twice. As a result, in order to "squeeze" the new complex to the existing hull, had to reduce the number of missile tubes from 16 to 12.

    tactical and technical requirements for a nuclear submarine equipped with missiles RSM-40, was approved in 1965 Development of the ship, get the code "667B Murena", was conducted in the CDB ME "Rubin" under the leadership of C. . N. Kovalev. Work on the creation missile went pretty fast, faster time creating several missile system.

    Design "667B Murena" generally repeated design of its predecessor - 667A Navaga. Double-hulled ship somewhat larger compared to the draft 667A Navaga length had strong body, divided into 10 watertight compartments. Because of the greater length of the missile radome missile silos became higher, and acquired a distinctive silhouette boat "hump" - pronounced boat project identification sign "667B Moray" and later modifications.

    submarine got a new navigation system "Tobol-B", which includes hardware space navigation system "Zyklon B" and provides all the source data for the preparation and launch rockets;

    submarine 667B moray

    radio equipment on earlier drafts of nuclear submarines is a "set" of the various systems on the new boat for the first time been integrated into a single complex. The ship was first obtained and an automatic space communications "Molniya-1". As boating project Navaga 667A, a new set the submarine sonar system "Kerch". Ship received new combat information control system. First on domestic submarines on the project "667B Murena" to control the missile weapon was used autonomous shipboard digital computer system (QTIC), solves the problem of missile firing. Entire rocket ammunition submarine could be released in a single volley.

    The ship was equipped with CICS

    "Sunrise" with the ship digital computing system "Alpha" Strela-bovye crucial task. First in the world to RPKSNproekta "667B Moray" was created missile protection system from unauthorized activities, providing implementation start only after receiving the order of the High Command. Start missiles could be carried out from a submerged position from the depth of 55 m at a speed boat up to 5 knots and sea state up to 6 points as a volley of all ammunition, and a single rocket. Permitted missile shooting from both underwater and above-water position of, when the ship in the database (This capability provides intercontinental range missiles). Prelaunch and launch himself carried out in automatic mode.

    K-279 1972/1990

    lead ship entered service division of strategic submarines SF based Bay Yagelnaya. Its first commander was Captain 1st Rank VP Frolov, shortly afterwards received the rank of Rear Admiral (this was the first time in the history of postwar domestic fleet, when the captain was awarded the admiralty).

    from 1982-1983. "K-279" was sent to the White Sea for combat service under the ice throughout the winter. In almost closed, inaccessible to potential enemy waters boat carrying service within six months before the spring ice melt. Changing the ship's crew was made using an icebreaker.

    In 1984, "K-279", carrying on combat duty in the center of Bath Sea-finals at 7 knots at a depth of 197 m faced with an iceberg. 45 ° C trim ship fell to a depth of 287 m, but the efforts of the crew was rescued and returned safely to the base (it should be borne in mind that no one navigation hydrographic reference to this case did not give the depth of the largest icebergs more than 160 m). < / p>

    30.10.1986 faced Augusta.

    K-447 1973/1994

    K-450 1973/1995

    K-385 1974/1995

    K-457 1974/1999

    5.5.1998 fuel leak from a rocket.

    K-453 1974/1999

    K-366 1974/1999

    K-417 1975/1999

    K-477 1975/1999

    K-497 1975/1999

    K-460 1975/1999

    K-472 1975/1999

    K-475 1975/1999

    May 19, 1988 submarine "K-475" was on combat duty and followed submerged course 122 ° at a speed of 3.8 knot at a depth of 48 meters. View - polar day, calm, fog. The sea is marked broken ice cohesion to 8 points, visibility did not exceed 10 cables. Command "K-475" grossly violated the recommendations swim by swimming depth of 48 meters instead of relying - 90 meters. He knew about the presence of icebergs in the navigation area with a draft of 50-70 meters, but did not take any security measures. On the ship commander created the oppressive atmosphere of coarseness and vulgarity, and showed an arrogant intolerance of recommendations by subordinate officers and personnel. As a result of revaluation them personal experience - in 23 hours and 15 minutes followed by a severe blow on the submerged part of the iceberg!

    At the moment of impact

    commander "K-475" was a central post and immediately gave the command: "Stop turbine!" Then the commander committed a fundamental error and immediately ordered to reverse for departing from the iceberg, and ordered the turn left while diving to 120 meters. Bottom depth at the point of impact was 160 meters. Icebreaker almost ten minutes unfolded, being underwater penetrations of the iceberg, which led to even more significant destruction outside plating of the outer hull. Only 23 hours and 30 minutes boat suddenly got a sharp turn to the left side and then freed from the iceberg.

    ship began to move away from the iceberg course 240 °, gradually picking up speed from two to five knots. Twenty minutes later, was prepared to work tract mine-detector sonar system and another six minutes started to find a suitable hole in the ice. In 23 hours 49 minutes "K-475" podvsplyla again to a depth of 50 meters to the left and began to circulate on course 120 °. After seven minutes by boat stalled turbine n began surfacing in the polynya. At 0 hours and 20 minutes appeared on the surface of the submarine. At 1:00 29 minutes 20 May 1988. at a distance of 16 cables was visually detected in bearing 43 ° huge barrier berg. Its height is determined by eye about 12 meters. Submarine because of this accident was prematurely withdrawn from combat service. When you dock inspection revealed significant damage of the outer hull at the bow sonar fairing panels and torpedo tubes, cutting and sliding devices.

    K-171 1976/1999

    K-500 1976/1999

    K-512 1976/1999

    K-523 1977/1999

    K-530 1977/1999

    July 15, 1977. The ship came from the slipway in the transport dock "Amur-1».

    August 21, 1977. Output from the dock. Given up to the maximum test speed.

    August 24, 1977. Arrival in outfitting base BPC "Vostok" Bolshoi Kamen.

    October 9, 1977. On SSBN K-530 raised Naval Flag and Gyuis.

    December 28, 1977. SSBN K-530 adopted in the USSR Navy

    March 1, 1978. The ship joined the PAC 21 diploma (in / h 87066) b. Pavlovsky

    October 29, 1980. The ship moved into the 25 DPL TOF (in / h 36030) b. Avachinskaya

    1988-1991 GG Made average repair ship

    June 7, 1995. The ship moved into the 26 DPL TOF (in / h 31119) b. Pavlovsky

    May 1999. Unloaded ammunition ship transferred to the sludge.

    December 28, 2001. Made the ship recycling factory "Star" Bolshoi Kamen. Mortgage board K-530 is placed in a plant museum.





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