.

Submarine 671RTM Shuka

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    Country

    Russia

    type

    attack submarines

    feature

    submarine

    General characteristics

    Length (m):

    107,1

    Width (m):

    10,8

    Displacement (tons):

    7250

    Speed (knots):

    31

    Immersion depth (m):

    600

    nuclear reactor:

    2

    Crew:

    96

    Vooruzhenie

    torpedo tubes:

    4 533 mm
    2 650 mm

    PLC:

    VA-111 Shkval

    submarine 671RTM suka

    parallel with the work on the creation of fundamentally new submarine project 945 Barrakudai 971 Pike, in the USSR was made very successful attempt to "squeeze" the maximum possible from the construction of boats and Ruff 671 projects 671RT Salmon. The basis of the upgraded project "671RTM Suka" went to study to accommodate the new generation of electronic equipment - moschnogoGAK, navigation system, combat information and control system, automated system of radio communication, equipment recon aircraft, as well as measures to reduce ship giveaway fields. In fact, the project "671RTM Suka" "gradually moved" from the second to the third generation of nuclear submarines. One of the most important elements of the nuclear submarine modernized weapons had become anti-missile system VA-111 Shkval. Placement of the new weapons and equipment, as well as the implementation of additional measures to reduce the acoustic signature of the ship required a tie-cylindrical insert in the hull in the area of the 2nd compartment. As a result of the pressure hull length increased by 4.2 m, slightly increased displacement and decreased maximum submerged speed.

    submarine 671RTM suka

    Constructors reinforced fence cutting and lightweight body, ensuring a safer submarine surfacing in the ice.

    submarine 671RTM suka

    adopted an additional set of measures to increase the stealth submarine through the introduction of new solutions for depreciation (the so-called. "off foundations"), acoustic decoupling mechanisms and structures. On the boat appeared oiled enclosure for ventilation and vertical scuppers creating smaller hydrodynamic noise. Ship received demagnetizing device difficult to detect aviation magnetometers.

    submarine 671RTM suka

    sonar "Skat" provides detection and classification purposes, as well as their automatic tracking at shumopelengovanii in the sonic and infrasonic frequency ranges. The complex allows to detect targets through ehopelengovaniya the distance to them and gave the initial data for targeting torpedoes. By its ability complex "Scat" triple superior GAKpredshestvuyuschego generation and closely approached the American complexes (although still inferior to them in weight and size). Maximum detection range under normal hydrological conditions was 230 km. Were applied to airborne receivers noise running in passive mode, as well as an extended antenna towed infrasound, minimized the bulb placed in special container which is placed over the vertical tail boat.

    submarine 671RTM suka

    Navigation system "Bear-671RTM" provides continuous automatic production location coordinates, course, speed through the water and soil, corners board and pitching, as well as the automatic transfer of these parameters into other shipboard systems. Combat information management system "Omnibus" produced automated collection, processing and visual representation of information, providing decision-making maneuvering combat use of weapons, as well as management of the torpedo and missile firing. The ship was equipped with a new automated complex communication "Lightning-L" with a system of space-based communication "Tsunami-B", as well as special intelligence complex.

    submarine 671RTM suka

    Instead

    torpedo ship could carry up to 36 minutes of the "Loach" and means sonar countermeasures (such as MG-74 simulators "Corundum»).

    In addition, special raiding submarines carrying guided missiles "Siren" and other means of "special forces", many of which would be the envy and 007 superspy James Bond, Ian Fleming born of imagination. In particular, in 1975 the OKB. NI Kamov was created folding single Ka-56 for transporting commandos and capable pilot with his darting out of 533-millimeter torpedo submerged submarine.

    Construction submarine project "671RTM Suka" it was decided to organize both the Leningrad Admiralty Association (followed by completion at the shipyard "Nerpa") and Komsomolsk-on-Amur, at NWTC (with the completion at the shipyard in Bolshoi Kamen ).

    Create

    in our country submarine project "671RTM Suka" coincided with the beginning of the program in the U.S. construction of multipurpose nuclear submarines third generation type of Los Angeles. New American submarines still superior Soviet counterparts on a level of stealth and sonar system performance. However, the gap, according to the Americans themselves, significantly reduced and no longer wore the former "dramatic" character. At the same time, U.S. submarines virtually leveled by the Soviet maximum submerged speed (although somewhat inferior to the maximum immersion depth). At the same time, "671RTM Suka" had better maneuverability and combat survivability. And they had some advantage in weaponry. Due to a higher level of integrated automation project submarine "671RTM Suka" had significantly smaller crew than Los Angeles, which allowed them to create the best conditions on board habitability. However, in general, according to experts, submarines project "671RTM Suka" and Los Angeles were approximately equivalent ships.

    submarine 671RTM suka

    Mastering

    fleets of submarines of "671RTM Suka" somewhat delayed. The reason was nedovedennosti CICS "Omnibus": until the mid 80s. system was not able to fully solve the tasks entrusted to it. The ships built early "Omnibus" had to bring in the course of operation of boats, which significantly limited their combat capabilities. Already in the process of construction, it was decided to move the series of seven-bladed propeller to a less "noisy" circuit "tandem" (a four-two coaxial counter-rotating propellers), which led to a lengthening of the boat at 1 pm





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