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Tactical missile system 9K52 Luna-M

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    Basing

    :

    chassis

    management system:

    Uncontrolled

    Warhead:

    spetsboepripasov, high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary, Cassette, Chemical

    Application:

    Land-Plot

    Country:

    Russia

    Range:

    70 km.

    year development:

    1964

    tactical missile complex 9k52 moon-m In 1961, the Soviet Army adopted a set of "Moon", which consisted of crawler launcher 2P16, created on the basis of the floating tank PT-76, as well as missiles 3R10 and 3R9 nuclear and high-explosive warheads. Even before entering into service complex "Moon" by decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR dated 17.02.1961, the start of work on the development of a modernized version of its extended range shooting. This work resulted in the creation of a new tactical actually complex, the designation 9K52 "Luna-M". For this complex was created 9M21 missile, a new launcher and transport machine wheeled chassis ZIL-135LM. First launch 9M21 held December 27, 1961, and into production and adopt complex 9K52 "Luna-M" entered in 1964. Serial production was carried out at the plant "Barricades".

    This complex has become the most popular in the Soviet army, the peak of the complex deployment of combat vehicles came in 1986., when there were about 750 troops in pieces. Designed in 1968. version of the complex 9K52TS intended for firing missiles warhead widely exported. His buyers were army about 15 countries, including the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact, Cuba, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, North Korea. Combat debut of the complex took place during the Arab-Israeli war of 1973. Complex "Luna-M" used in a number of regional conflicts, including Afghanistan, Iran-Iraq war in 1980-88gg., The Gulf War of 1991.

    significant drawback complex "Luna-M" was a small accuracy, even the use of nuclear warheads not provide a guaranteed point defeat well-protected targets such as command post, etc. In this regard, by decree of the Council of Ministers on 20.07.1966 g . initiated the development of a rocket "Luna-3", equipped with a simplified control system. Assumed that the circular error probable (CEP) of a new missile at a distance of 70km will not exceed 500m. However, in 1968-1969 he conducted flight tests gave even more circular error probability as compared to the prototype. Concealer range worked satisfactorily and continued work on this OCD was considered unwise.

    Rockets 9M21 also intended to equip the complex 9K53 "Luna MB." Develop a set of "Moon-MB" was initiated by decree of the Council of Ministers dated 05.02.1962 of this complex used 9P114 launcher, created based on the wheel of the car, allowing landing helicopters Mi-6 and Mi-10. Work on the complex "Luna MB" reached the stage of prototype testing. However, met a lot of difficulties, chief among them was the need to conduct a preliminary binding topogeodesic starting position, and a large "sail" Mi-10 c 9P114 launcher on the external load. As a result, in 1965, work on this complex were discontinued.

    the west complex received the designation FROG-7.

    Composition

    tactical missile complex 9k52 moon-m The complex 9K52 "Luna-M" include:

    missile 9M21 (see chart)

    launcher (PU) 9P113 on a wheeled chassis ZIL-135LM (see chart)

    9T29 transport vehicle chassis ZIL-135LTM.

    advantage complex 9K52 "Luna-M" before its predecessor was that it had its own IP-hydraulic crane 3 ton (see photo side, top). It is allowed to refuse transport machine-semi-trailer, which was carrying two spare missiles and a mobile crane for loading missiles. 9P113 launcher provided highway speed to 60 km / h, due to the use of wheelbase shocks and overload warhead were significantly reduced (for the complex "Moon" maximum theoretical speed was 40 km / h, but at a speed of 16 -18 km / h on gravel roads congestion occurs, for illegal nuclear warhead). How 9P113 launcher and transport machine 9T29 have very high traffic on rough terrain. They are able to overcome rises to 30 ° slope and deep fords up to 1.2 m

    Installing

    9P113 able to perform at least 200 rockets 9M21. For fixing the launcher during a missile launch, four reclining support with jackscrews. PU 9P113 has endowed hydraulic device for installation in a position to guide the missile launch, as well as the necessary equipment for the prelaunch and launch. There is also a means of communication, navigation and orientation equipment, power systems and livelihoods.

    Unsupervised single-stage solid propellant missile 9M21 designed to engage manpower, military equipment, firepower and defensive structures located in the tactical depth of the enemy defense. The missile was designed in several versions with different warheads: 9M21B nuclear warhead 9N32, 9M21F with high-explosive fragmentation warhead 9N18F, 9M21G chemical warhead 9N18G and even 9M21D with agitation 9N18A warhead. Fragmentation warhead contained 200 kg 9N18F potently explosive TGA-40/60 and gave at least 15,000 fragments. In 1969 he was adopted by 9N18K fragmentation warhead cassette weighing 420 kg, containing 42 combat element weighing 7.5 kg and provides manpower to defeat several hectares.

    tactical missile complex 9k52 moon-m

    Since 9N32 warheads with nuclear warheads required borrowing permanent temperature for a given power of the explosion, and at the head of the Luna-M internal heating system was not, 9P113 launcher and transport machine 9T29 had in his kit with electric termochehly

    Launch rocket engine produced by applying an electric pulse through the onboard connector on the squibs, the initiation of which leads to the ignition of the igniter granular black powder, which in turn ignites the powder charge is the main engine. Cranking the engine is used for torque compensation arising due to the eccentricity of the thrust vector, and is located in the center of mass of the rocket. Engine nozzle by curved gazovodov displayed on the side surface of the rocket engine thrust vectors rotating directed tangentially to the surface of the body and create torque. Cranking the engine runs on gunpowder mark RSI-60, time ~ 0.4s, included after the withdrawal of missiles from the guides. The aft 9M21 installed stabilizers, providing stable rocket flight path.

    Rockets modifications have the greatest body diameter 544mm, length modifications 9M21B missiles, F, E is equal to 8960 mm rockets and modifications 9M21B1 E1 - 9400 mm. Flight speed of about 1200 m / s.

    When calculating data on launch 9M21 weather conditions are taken into account, namely the direction and the mean wind speed at height. For this purpose the start battery has meteootdelenie that produces some shots vertically upward from ballistic gun. The direction and distance of falling bullets (with red ribbon day, night - illuminated) from the firing point, calculated direction and the mean wind speed. To prevent unauthorized use of nuclear weapons all launchers capable of launching missiles with nuclear warheads, equipped with code-locking devices. In launchers 9K52TS not involving warheads with nuclear warheads, code-locking devices available. PU 9K52TS not termochehlami was completed, since it eliminates the need for heating warheads.

    PERFORMANCE

    missile 9M21

    Caliber, mm

    540

    rocket length, mm

    8960 - 9400

    Projectile weight, kg

    2432-2486

    Warhead weight (OFBCH, YABCH), kg

    200-450

    Warhead weight (HBCH), kg

    36

    firing range, km:
    - Maximum
    - Minimal


    68-70
    12-15

    Accuracy (scattering), m

    500-700

    PU 9P113

    Base

    ZIL-135LM

    (8x8)

    weight PU with rocket kg

    17560

    Number of launching tubes

    1

    rail length, mm

    9970

    Elevation guide, hail:
    - Maximum
    - Minimum


    65
    15

    angle horizontal guidance, hail

    ± 7

    Maximum speed km / h

    60

    Range, km

    850

    Crane lifting capacity kg

    3000

    Preparation time

    MB by shooting, min

    15-30

    Crew.

    7





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