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Tactical missile system 9K79-1 Tochka-U

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    Basing

    :

    chassis

    management system:

    management software

    Warhead:

    spetsboepripasov, cassette, high-explosive

    Application:

    Land-Plot

    Country:

    Russia

    Range:

    120 km.

    year development:

    1989

    tactical missile complex 9k79 1-point-y Development divisional rocket complex" Point "was initiated by decree of the Council of Ministers on 4 March 1968. Complex "Point" was intended to defeat the point of small targets in the depth of the enemy defense: ground vehicles reconnaissance-strike complexes, points of various arms control, parking aircraft and helicopters, backup groupings, storage of ammunition, fuel and other supplies.

    head performer was scheduled relating KBM Kolomna, and chief designer SP Invincible. Missile control system was developed in CRI AG. Launcher was designed and produced by software "Barricades" in Volgograd. Serial production of missiles led Votkinsk Machine Building Plant. Chassis for the launcher and transport charging machines were made in Bryansk.

    first two Guided Missile Launch "Point" was produced in 1971 in the course of factory flight tests. Serial production of the missile was launched in 1973, although the complex was officially adopted in 1976. Complex "Point" was the firing range from 15 to 70 km, and the average deviation of the circular 250 m

    In April 1971, began to develop modifications "Point-P" with a passive homing system for the radio-emitting target (radar, radio, etc.). Guidance system provides a range of capture targets at a distance of not less than 15 km. It was assumed that the pointing accuracy "Point-P" on a continuously running aim does not exceed 45 m, and the area of defeat is over two hectares.

    In 1989 adopted the modified weapons complex 9K79-1 "Tochka-U". The main difference is its great range and accuracy.

    the west range was designated SS-21 "Scarab" .

    Composition

    Composition missile complex 9K79 (9K79-1) (see Gallery complex imaging machines):

    Martial means

    O Rockets:

    § 9M79B nuclear warhead AA-60 capacity of 10 kt

    § 9M79B1 nuclear warhead special importance AA-86

    § 9M79B2 nuclear warhead AA-92

    § 9M79F with high-explosive fragmentation warhead focused action 9N123F (9M79-1F)

    § 9M79K with cluster warhead 9N123K (9M79-1K)

    § 9M79FR with high-explosive warhead and passive radar homing 9N123F-P (9M79-1FR)

    O Launchers (see photo1, photo2, photo3, photo4, photo5, photo6)

    § 9P129 (except rocket 9M79F P) (9P129-1)

    § 9P129M (9P129-1M)

    9P129M

    § 1 (see chart)

    O Freight loading vehicle (TRV) 9T218 (9T218-1) (see photo)

    Special vehicles:

    O Transport Machines 9T238, 9T222

    O storage machines - special board machine type NG2V1 (NG22V1)

    O Containers

    § 9YA234 for missiles and missile parts

    § 9YA236 for warhead

    O airfield warehouse carts

    § 9T127, 9T133 for missile parts

    § 9T114 for warhead

    Means maintenance and routine maintenance:

    O control and automated testing machine AQIM 9V819 (9V819-1) for routine maintenance with missile and warhead (except special warhead).

    O machine maintenance MTO 9V844 - to check the control room equipment and PU AQIM

    O machine maintenance MTO-4C is designed to repair and maintenance of the base portion (four-car).

    O set the arsenal equipment 9F370 for routine maintenance on the bases and arsenals.

    Communication Tools - command post vehicle R-145BM (P-130, P-111, P-123)

    Training facilities:

    O trainer rocket 9M79F-UT, UT-9M79K.

    O TRAINING warhead - 9N39-UT, UT-9N64.

    O dimensions and weight layout - 9M79-GVM.

    O split layout of the 9M79 missile.

    O split layout fragmentation warhead focused action - 9N123F-RM.

    O layout split cassette warhead - 9N123K-RM.

    Trainers:

    O 9F625 - integrated simulator for training PU calculations.

    O 2U43 - trainer remote control driver's launcher.

    O 2U420 - simulator operator.

    O 2U41 - a simulator for training correctly removing the reference to the gyrocompass 1G17.

    O 2U413 - simulator rocket 9M79F interaction elements of the complex.

    In addition to these techniques, armed with technical departments are cranes and 9T31M1 obmyvochno-neutralizing 8T311M machines and other equipment.

    missile 9M79 (9M79-1)

    missile 9M79 (9M79-1) - a single-stage, controlled consists of missile and warhead (see diagram).

    Missile Unit (RF) is designed to deliver the warhead (BC) to the goal and includes:

    1. Rocket body parts. RF body is designed to fit all elements of RF. Housing is RF power element that receives the load acting on the rocket flight and ground operation, it consists of:

    Cases instrument compartment (PAC). PAC is designed to accommodate the individual instruments and SU made of aluminum alloy in the form of a cylindrical shell with stiffening ribs. In front of a bulkhead with 6 hinged bolts with self-locking nuts and 3 guide pins. In front of the enclosure lid is closed tightly. In the bottom of the PAC is detachable connector 205 (214) contacts through which the electrical connection devices SU with ground control room equipment PU and has a shipping yoke (for mounting on marching missile rail launchers). On the right side there is a porthole on CPO (see photo), through which the optical communication with GPS devices control 9P129 launcher or AQIM 9V819. Top left there is a hatch number 2 (in the hatch number 2 in the UTR set key and selector switch for fault injection training); near a hatch hatch is number 2 number 3, which is located SHR37 connector to which the cable is joined to number 27 measuring the temperature inside a special warhead at TLV.
    Inside the PAC is:

    O gyro stabilized platform (or command-gyroscopic device) GPS 9B64 (9B64-1)

    O discrete analog computing device Davoust 9B65 (9B638)

    O unit onboard automation 9B66 (9B66-1)

    O control unit 9B150 (9B150-1)

    O sensor angular velocities and accelerations DUSU-1-30B.

    Corps propulsion. Body control is designed to organize and mount the fuel charge and ignition node (and two igniter squib). Is a structure of high-strength steel, the frame is 3 - front, middle, back. To the front of the frames attached two conveying yoke and the lower part of the front of the frame welded yoke 3 launchers. On average, there are four frames of the mount and fixing air wings. At the top of the rear bulkhead shipping yoke attached at the bottom - 2 launchers yoke and a latch for securing the rocket on the launcher and TPM as well as to hold the rocket when climbing guide. On the inner side of the housing is covered with a layer of thermal barrier coating.

    Corps tail section (CWC). CWC is designed to accommodate devices simultaneously and SU is fairing nozzle block SRBs. The housing is formed in a cone shape from an aluminum alloy with a longitudinal stiffening ribs. For mounting and installation of gas jet and aerodynamic control surfaces on the rear panel, there are 4 of the mount. CWC in the bottom of the attached sensor gathering (closed red removable cover, removed prior to loading). Sensor gathering intended to include steering (the origin of the flight program). On the upper part of the body there are two hatches number 11 and number 13 for the purpose of connecting hoses supplying oil to the oil tank supply hydraulic systems, consisting of a pump, tank and dispenser, during routine maintenance using AQIM. At the bottom of the CWC are two openings for the gas exit turbogenerator operating power supply (TGiP). The outer conical surface and the rear end of the body is a layer of thermal barrier coating. Inside the CWC is:

    O feeding hydraulic system 9B67 (applies to the steering actuator) (9B639)

    O turbine unit 9B152 (refers to TGiP) (9B186)

    O unit resistances 9B151 (refers to TGiP) (9B189)

    O controller unit 9B242 (refers to TGiP) (9B242-1)

    O 4 steering gears: 9B69 - upper - 2 pcs, 9B68 - lower-2p (9B89 - 4 pcs.)

    airfoils. Airfoils - 4 aerodynamic steering, 4 wheel and 4 gas jet wing. Aerodynamic control surfaces guided missiles in flight along the entire trajectory. On the same shaft with them are gas-jet rudders of tungsten alloy, which also function as control the missile propulsion system while running (see photo).

    Cable trunks. Two cable barrel designed to accommodate cables to connect the devices SU repositories software and CW.

    2. Propulsion system (see description).

    3. Management system. Management system - an autonomous, inertial with onboard digital computer complex. Rocket controllable on the whole trajectory, which ensures high accuracy rate. When approaching the target for more efficient use of energy blast warhead missile maneuvers (complete rotation on the pitch angle), which provides an angle with the aim of meeting the charge close to 90 °. With the same purpose axis charge high-explosive/fragmentation 9N123F deployed warheads down relative to the axis warhead shell at a certain angle. To maximize the area of destruction provided air 9N123F undermining warhead at a height of 20 meters.

    onboard equipment control system 9B63 missiles 9M79:

    Command and gyroscopic device 9B64

    discrete analog computing device 9B65

    hydraulic 9B616:

    O automation unit 9B66

    O feeding hydraulic system 6B67

    O steering gear upper 9B68 - 2 pcs., steering gear lower 9B69 - 2 pcs.,

    turbogenerator power supply 9B149:

    O control unit 9B150

    O unit resistances 9B151

    O turbine unit 9B152

    O controller unit 9B242

    sensor angular velocities and accelerations DUSU1-30B

    cable set

    onboard equipment control system 9B84-1 missiles 9M79-1:

    Command and gyroscopic device 9B64-1

    discrete analog computing device 9B638

    hydraulic 9B640:

    O automation unit 9B66-1

    O feeding hydraulic system 6B639

    O steering engine 9B89 - 4 pcs.

    turbogenerator power supply 9B185:

    O control unit 9B150-1

    O unit resistances 9B189

    O turbine unit 9B186

    O controller unit 9B242-1

    sensor angular velocities and accelerations DUSU1-30B

    cable set

    rocket completed the following types of warheads:

    AA-60 - Nuclear power from 10 to 100kt,

    AA-86 - Nuclear particular importance,

    AA 92 - nuclear

    9N123F - high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary focused actions (see description),

    9N123K - cassette (see description),

    9N123F P - high-explosive/fragmentation/incendiary passive radar seeker.

    warhead missiles in flight can not be separated. Docking missile and warhead carried 6th hinged bolts with self-locking nuts on the ring connection, electrical connection with the rocket warhead mostly done via cable connector SH45. Availability of replacement warhead expands the application range of the complex and enhances its effectiveness. Missiles with conventional warheads capable of being stored in a completely assembled within 10 years. Assembly work with the troops carry missiles is required. During routine maintenance does not require removing the devices from the rocket body.

    The calculations

    hover flight mission "points" on the target used digital maps obtained from the results of space or aerial photographs of enemy territory.

    launcher and freight loading vehicle

    tactical missile complex 9k79 1-point-y Major combat machine complex 9K79-1" Tochka-U "- launcher 9P129M-1 and freight loading vehicle < strong> 9T218-1

    Equipment launcher 9P129M-1 itself solves all problems by linking the starting point, the calculation of the flight mission and aiming missiles. No topogeodesic and engineering preparation of starting positions and meteorological support during rocket launches are required. If necessary, after 16-20 minutes after the end of the march and return to the position of the missile can start to the goal, and another 1.5 minutes launcher is able to leave this point to eliminate the possibility of defeat retaliation. While aiming, combat duty, as well as during most tasks starting cycle rocket is in a horizontal position and begins its rise for only 15 seconds before the start. This provides a high impact on the stealth training funds tracking the enemy. The cargo compartment launcher mounted rail with an elevation change mechanism, which can be transported by one missile. In the stowed position, the guide with a missile mounted horizontally, with the load compartment is closed from above by two folds. In a combat situation disclosed and sash guide elevation angle is 78 °. Sector Accuracy of ± 15 ° from the longitudinal axis of the UE.

    Freight loading vehicle 9T218-1 (TRV) primary means of operational support starting batteries ammunition for missile strikes. In its sealed compartment can be stored and transported in the district fighting two fully ready to launch missiles with multiple warheads docked. Special machine equipment, including hydraulic, jib crane and some other systems, allow for approximately 19 minutes to carry out the loading launcher. This operation can be performed on any unprepared in engineering terms the site dimensioned to put beside sides launcher and transport-loading vehicle. Missiles in metal containers can also be stored and transported in vehicles complex machines. Each of them is able to accommodate two or four missile warheads.

    launcher and freight-loading machine mounted on a wheeled chassis for 5921 and 5922 Bryansk Automobile Plant. Both chassis mounted six-cylinder diesel engine 5D20B-300. All-wheel drive chassis, tires controlled by a centralized system of air pressure to 1200 x 500 x 508. Chassis have a large enough clearance of 400 mm. For movement in the water provided water jets, propeller type pumps. Suspension of all wheels independent torsion. Wheels first and third pairs - managed. On the water, the chassis is controlled dampers and water cannons built into the body channels. Both cars can be driven on roads of all categories and beyond.

    In 9T238 transport machine in the complex also includes a transport vehicle 9T222. Externally, they are very similar and the possibility of transportation they are identical. Both are active combination - ie semi-trailer axles are leading. The principal difference between these units in the process of transferring torque from the tractor to the semitrailer bridges - in one case, hydraulic transmission, and the other - mechanical

    Organizational

    complex is part of the DPA or TD, as well as individual team (2-3 RDA) in the division - 2-3 starting batteries, battery 2-3 launchers. . Combat work is done on the move calculation of 3 people in the shortest time. Due to the PU system of survey, targeting, communications and livelihoods during operations on the infected area calculation PU can perform missile launches from the cockpit.

    Missile 9K79 (9K79-1) can be transported by aircraft AN-22, IL-76, etc. The missiles, missile parts and warhead can be transported by Mi-6, B-12, MI-8.

    PERFORMANCE

    Missile 9K79-1 "Tochka-U"

    Year of adopting

    1989

    Developer

    KBM Kolomna

    minimum firing range, km

    15 - 20

    maximum firing range, km

    120

    height trajectory of a missile, km

    6-26

    Flight time at maximum range, with

    163

    deviation from the target missile within the error in determining the coordinates of targets no more than 100m and the start point of not more than 80m, m:
    - At a distance of 35km from the warhead 9N123F
    - At a distance of 35km from the warhead 9N123K
    - At a distance of 70km from the warhead 9N123F
    - At a distance of 70km from the warhead 9N123K


    165
    210
    200
    235

    Time launch preparation of preparedness number 1 min

    2

    launch preparation time with the march, min

    16

    Home

    inclined at an angle of 78 degrees

    missile 9M79-1

    Number of stages, pc

    1

    diameter middle section, mm

    650

    rocket length, mm

    6410

    missile unit length, mm

    4085

    span rudders mm

    1440

    launch mass, kg

    2010

    curb weight of the missile, kg

    1528

    launcher 9P129M-1

    Weight launcher (with rocket and calculation), kg

    18145

    technical resources km

    15000

    Crew.

    3

    Operating temperature range, °. C

    from -40 to +50

    life, years

    least 10, three of them, in the field

    Axels

    6x6

    weight PU kg

    17800

    Payload, kg

    7200

    land speed, km / h

    70

    Water speed, km / h

    8

    Range, km

    650

    Engine

    diesel, liquid cooling

    Engine power, hp. with

    300 at 2600 rev / min

    tests and operation

    During the demonstration complex "Tochka-U" at the international exhibition IDEX-93 was made 5 starts, when the minimum deviation was a few meters and a maximum of less than 50 m

    Complex "Tochka-U" was used extensively by federal forces to destroy military targets in Chechnya. In particular, the complex was used 58th army to attack militant positions near Bamut. As goals were chosen large warehouse of weapons and fortified camp of terrorists. Their exact location was revealed by means of space exploration.





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