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Universal missile M-Wave 1

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    Basing

    :

    surface ships

    management system:

    Office for radio

    Warhead:

    spetsboepripasov

    Application:

    Antiaircraft

    Country:

    Russia

    Range:

    22 km.

    year development:

    1962

    universal missile m-1 wave The development of the first national universal missile complex M-1 for vehicles 61 and 63 project was launched by the USSR CM Resolution № 1149-592 from 17.08.1956g. But by order number 1190-610 dated 25 August of the same year it was decided to put the M-1 Ferry projects 58 and 62. Ship universal set of M-1 for many elements was unified with the land S-125. Thus, both the complex had the same rocket (V-600, V-601, etc.).

    chief designer of "Waves" was IA Ignatiev (Institute "Altair" - SMEs), and the chief designer of rocket B-600 - PD Grushin (IBC "Torch" - MAP). CM Resolution № 889-382 from 24.08.62g. M-1 complex with a rocket-600 In was adopted by the Navy. Later the complex M-1 was named "Wave" and missile B-600 - unclassified index 4K90.

    to engage targets flying at altitudes above 10 km, CM Resolution № 561-233 from 21.06.61g. started work on a B-601 missile to land complex S-125. After a series of tests in a rocket-601 (4K91) in 1964 was adopted by the ground forces. In the same year it was decided to equip this complex rocket and M-1. First 7 ships received B-601 for 1967.

    When upgrading the S chelate major improvements concerned control equipment and anti-aircraft missiles themselves. SAM missile B-601 was called "Wave-M" missile B-611 - "Wave 11", with rockets B-601M - "Wave-H", with enhanced noise immunity, "Wave-P." Complex "Wave-P" was adopted in 1976. His immunity provides increased noise immunity radio missile control and the introduction of a control system of target tracking channel optic-electronics (TV 9SHZZ). In the 1980s, the complex "The Wave" was called shock (UZRK) and allows you to fire missiles at surface targets.

    Subsequently, when faced with the problem of protection of ships against low RCC was another major modernization of the complex ("Wave-H") using the B-601M missiles, defeating the purpose of providing at a height of 3-5 meters above the crest of the wave. < / p>

    Despite some shortcomings, the complex M-1 was generally successful and widespread in the domestic Navy and is still in service.

    Composition

    universal missile m-1 wave launchers were placed on the roof of the superstructure in the nose (52.5 th district trowels.) and stern (area 204,5 th wn.). Installing the ZIF-101 (see projection) was a paired, open, stable setup type column book-rests with the lower suspension two missiles at two guide beams. Cellar rocket ammunition (№ 4 - bow, № 8 - aft) with drum storage system missiles had two vertical drum for eight anti-aircraft guided missiles (SAMs) each. The line loading rocket supplied by turning the drum at an angle of 45 °, and the mechanical loading by chain rammer-pusher. Electric actuator (ESP-101) and remote control operation provided launcher. Standard equipment rocket cellar - 1 and 15 combat training missile. Serial production of Pu-101 mill was established at the plant "Barricades" in Volgograd.

    Following PU ZIF-101 was created twin installation ZIF-102. The principal difference between the new IP was pitch conveyor-type missiles, instead of a drum. As a result, one launcher ammunition increased from 16 to 32 missiles.

    Total

    complex M-1 Mill with PU-101 was armed with 20 ships pr.61, 61 M and 61 MP (one for Poland) 4 pr.58 ship, one pr.56K; pr.56A 8, and 5 pr.61ME ships (built for India). M-1 complex with PU-102 ZIF got 4 ships, etc. in 1134, three - 56U project, and eight - Project 57A.

    B-600 and its later versions represent two-stage rocket with solid propellant motors made of aerodynamic configuration "duck". The first stage is equipped with four pull-down after the start of stabilizers and powder jet engine (PRD-36). PRD-36 14 Single fused spur gunpowder checkers (NMF brand of powder-WC) with a total weight of 280 kg. The engine of the second stage is kitted one piece weighing 125 kg of gunpowder mark HM 4Sh. Fragmentation warhead 4G-90 is equipped with a ready-striking elements. The total weight of the warhead - 60 kg, 32-33 kg of them - weight alloy TNT with RDX. Radio controlled fuses "Strait" (5E15) works on slips to 58 m Warhead 4f 90 gives 3560 - 3570 average fragments weighing about 5.4 g. Response time is 26 with self-destructing.

    Rocket V-601 differed from the B-600 design only the main engine and had a new warhead. In propulsion engines installed a new block weighing 150 kg of gunpowder mark "301" -. New warhead was developed 5B18 NII-6. In tests, it produced about 4500 fragments weighing 4.72 - 4.79 kg. New warhead provided hitting targets with probability 0.75 - 0.90 on Oversight of 20 m and the probability of 0.6 on Oversight 25-47 meters to install missiles in PU-601 ZIF-101 took part in the revision of marching mounting missiles. In addition, the system has undergone some modernization management "Scimitar".

    When first rocket launch (start) stage is operated for 5 seconds, developing a thrust of 30 tons, and the second (march) - about 22 with developing a thrust of 3 t

    method of missile guidance - optimal straightening and covering purpose. When shooting at low-flying goals for this method is added guidance "Gorka".

    universal missile m-1 wave

    fire control system "Scimitar" was developed at SRI-10 SERC and equipment drives the antenna post - in CRI-173. System "Scimitar" is a collection of instruments and devices, providing reception and targeting of naval radar detection, target tracking and missile on a trajectory-launch preparation and launch missiles, production control commands for missile guidance to the target. Guided missiles carried by the beam radar until triggering radar fuze. The disadvantage of this radio command system - its single-channel, as well as a sharp decline in shooting accuracy by increasing the distance to the target (see the affected area SAM "Wave" with SAM B-600).

    Each antenna post system "Scimitar" had five antennas. Two small antennas performed the so-called "rough" tip missiles at the target, one antenna functioned as a radio operator commands, and was accompanied by two large objective and more accurate conclusions on her rocket. Before hitting a single target fight with the second, third, etc., impossible goals.

    PERFORMANCE

    Rocket

    "B-600"

    "B-601"

    Length, m

    5885

    5948

    diameter of the first stage, m

    -

    552

    diameter of the second stage, m

    -

    379

    Starting weight, kg

    923

    980

    warhead weight, kg

    60

    72

    flight speed, m / s

    600

    730

    Maximum height of fire, km

    10

    14

    Minimum height of fire, m

    100

    100

    Maximum slant range, km

    15

    22

    Minimum slant range, km

    4

    4

    target maximum speed, m / c

    600

    700

    launcher ZIF-101

    Rate

    one salvo after 50c

    angle horizontal guidance (GN), hail

    330

    angle vertical guidance (HV), hail

    -10, +95

    Speed GBV deg / s

    40

    Speed HV deg / s

    30

    lands loading, hail

    90

    spacing PU mm

    3500

    path length motion yoke Zour on the guide at the start, mm

    1000

    Height

    firing line at an angle of 0 °, mm

    2300

    Dimensions

    -height at an angle of 0 ° without stabilization mm

    3380

    -height at an angle of 0 ° with regard stabilization mm

    4060

    -height at an angle of 83 ° without stabilization mm

    4760

    -height at an angle of 83 ° with regard stabilization mm

    5390

    -radius obmetaniya on the front of the no-Zour, mm

    3800

    -radius obmetaniya on the front of a SAM, mm

    5670

    -obmetaniya radius on the rear without Zour, mm

    2050

    -obmetaniya radius on the rear with SAM, mm

    2820

    -distance from the axis of rotation of PU to liniii loading, mm

    1300

    Submission

    - drum rotation speed, degree / c

    6

    - vertical feed path Zour, mm

    8010

    - feed rate Zour, m / c

    1,4

    Dimensions cellar

    - length mm

    10500

    - width mm

    5200

    - height, mm

    7000

    tests and operation

    Terms

    mining complex M-1 ahead of deadlines lead ship pr.61 serial number 1701 (SKR-25 9.10.62g. "Komsomolets Ukrainy") - so the Order of USSR № 2110 from 30.07.1959g. joint tests of M-1 were transferred to the rocket ship "Dashing" pr.56K. Test "Bravo" took place in two stages - with 5.01.62g. by 12.03.62g. and 12.03.62g. 30/04/62 by year. During the tests, noted that the time of "Scimitar" cold position was 5 minutes, range target tracking "Scimitar" was 42 km from the capture probability of 50% and 36 km with a probability of 80%. Limits range missiles were 15 km, self-destructing response time - 26 seconds.

    During testing complex was shot down six target aircraft MiG-15M, flying at a height of 0.6 to 10 km, with blunders missiles ranged from 9 to 48 meters. According to the commission, the probability of hitting the aircraft on Oversight of 20 m is 0.9 on Oversight 40 meters - 0.4-0.6. Complex M-1 could hit targets flying at speeds of up to 600 m / s. Target can maneuver at an altitude of 4 km with an overload of 3 - 4 g, and at higher altitudes - up to 2 - 3 g. Speed of the ship at start can be up to 36 knots. Firing with "Bravo" at surface targets was conducted.

    According to test results on "Bravo" complex SAM M-1 has been recommended to the adoption.





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