.

USS Akagi

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    Country

    Japan

    type

    USS

    General characteristics

    Length (m):

    249

    Width (m):

    31

    Displacement (tons):

    29600

    Speed (knots):

    32

    Range (miles):

    8200

    Draft (m):

    8

    Crew:

    2000

    Vooruzhenie

    guns:

    10 200 mm
    12 120 mm

    Aircraft:

    60

    aircraft carrier Akagi

    Originally

    "Akagi" was designed as a battlecruiser displacement of 42,000 tons. But in 1922, when he was still on the stocks, an agreement was signed five powers, under which Japan has pledged to reduce its shipbuilding program. Therefore, the project has been changed, and the ship was rebuilt in an aircraft carrier, capable of carrying up to 60 aircraft.

    Perestroika battlecruiser "Akagi" started at the shipyard in Kure November 9, 1923. "Akagi" was along the main deck bronepoyas thickness of 79 mm. The remaining part of the body are protected by armor thickness 57 mm. Armor of the same thickness defended torpedo boule. Along the bottom of the bulls took additional bronepoyas that not only protect the bottom of the ship torpedoes, but was power element in the design of the ship. The thickness of the main belt armor reduced from 254 to 152 mm. Further restructuring of the ship added headache for designers. Existed at the time of construction of aircraft carriers technology was inadequate. Absence of any prototypes were forced developers to build an experimental design in which the error appeared inevitable. Aircraft Carrier "Akagi" was testing ground for all subsequent ships of this class. All constructive error taken into account in the construction of the aircraft carrier Kaga, who was the first prototype, the design of which reflected all the fundamentals of the Japanese aircraft carrier.

    aircraft carrier Akagi

    "Akagi" was launched on April 22, 1925. March 25, 1927 on the ship solemnly raised naval flag. Command of a brand new aircraft carrier took Captain 1st rank Yoitaro Umitsu.

    During completion and equipping aircraft carrier Japanese shipbuilders received extensive experience with designing aircraft hangars, exhaust extraction system, the placement of the main caliber guns and location decks. Successfully upgrade some components of the ship, but, in general, the result was unsatisfactory. The biggest and yet most difficult problems were retraction exhaust system design and the flight deck.

    aircraft carrier Akagi

    can safely say that "Akagi" was experimental and the only ship of its kind. Together with the aircraft carrier Kaga, he became one of the first ships of the Imperial Navy, which could be called aircraft carriers.

    "Akagi" led the raid on the Japanese fleet at Pearl Harbor.

    In the battle of the atoll Meade during air attacks on deck "Akagi" (as well as other Japanese aircraft carriers) was preparing for a counterattack. One after another of the hangars on the deck raised planes, where they quickly refueled and armed. At 10:20 am Vice Admiral Nagumo ordered the release aircraft immediately once the ship is ready. Planes on the deck already heated engines, aircraft carrier began to turn the wind, visibility was good. The clouds were high and only from time to time on the ship assailed by wisps of fog. At 10:24 the flight control officer gave the nod to fly the first airplane. Hardly the first aircraft - fighter "Zero" - managed to break away from the flight deck, the ship was attacked by enemy dive bombers. Air defense battery carrier, taken by surprise, had time to make only a few volleys, but the Americans have already managed to drop their bombs. Rumbling explosion and flare were the first signs of a direct hit ...

    aircraft carrier Akagi

    type of damage caused in a split second, is striking. On the flight deck, near the ski lifts, a huge gaping hole. Lift himself, crumpled and twisted, hung over the hangar. Torn sheets flight deck plating sticking up. Their tails burned, emitting acrid smoke clubs, broken planes.

    aircraft carrier Akagi

    second aircraft carrier was hit in the rear edge of the flight deck on the port side. Repeated explosions of gasoline vapor and ammunition again and again shook the ship, the crew showered deadly hail of shrapnel and burning wreckage and causing new fires. When the fire reached closely standing at the end of the deck of aircraft began to detonate the torpedo. Flight deck, where it was hot, turned into hell now. Corridors, cabins, bridge filled with acrid smoke, of which methane is burned people. USS explosions continued to shake, they are now heard inside the vehicle.

    The crew made every effort to localize fires, but gradually it became clear that the fire was out of control. Soon the fire reached the generator room, and an aircraft carrier, devoid of electricity, running and became completely helpless, rocked on the waves, remaining deployed nose to the wind. The explosions were destroyed fireproof door hangars. Part of the ship's crew and pilots have sought refuge on the shunting deck. Emergency teams - men in gas masks with various fire equipment - as heroes fought with fire. Each new burst of the deteriorating situation, the fire spread and incapacitates people. More and more new emergency team literally walked over the bodies of their predecessors, but only in order to share their fate. Medics and volunteers, they could hardly refer to the wounded and burnt aid station.

    aircraft carrier Akagi

    Powerplant aircraft carrier was not damaged, but fires on the upper decks completely interrupted communication with the engine room. Explosions, strikes and thunder clearly told motorists that there is something wrong upstairs. Because the machines were in good repair, mechanics continue with the last received an order - "full speed ahead". When the fire reached the power pack, all that were there were killed in a fire trap. Chief mechanic aircraft carrier, Captain 3rd Rank K. Tampa was trying to save his men from the fire of the bag. He managed to get through the burning space ship from the power pack to the bridge and report on the situation. Received an order to evacuate sailors from the power pack. Messengers sent down to the power pack is not got a result, none of minders escaped. At 18:00 Captain 1st rank Taidziro Aoki, estimating the number of dead and wounded and the spread of fire, and ordered his team to leave the ship. Evacuation of the crew carried on the boats that carried people to escort destroyers. Many sailors to swim. Destroyers "Arashi" and "NOVAK" picked everyone managed to find. Removed from the water and airmen who lost base, were landing on the water.

    At 19:20 Captain 1st rank Aoki sent Vice Admiral Nagumo telegram asking to finish the doomed ship. Radiogram and took on board the battleship Yamato and Admiral Yamamoto banned sink an aircraft carrier. After receiving a negative answer Aoki returned to the ship and climbed to the deck of maneuvering, still free from fire.

    aircraft carrier Akagi

    Deck Akagi

    Admiral Yamamoto

    lingered with the order to scuttle "Akagi." He does not see the need, as the main force of the Japanese fleet went east to the night to meet with the enemy. When it became clear that the battle was lost, Admiral hesitated no longer. June 5, 1942 at 3:50 Yamamoto ordered flood agonizing carrier.

    aircraft carrier Akagi

    Vice Admiral Nagumo ordered the commander of the 4th Division destroyers Captain 1st rank Kosaku Arik aircraft carrier sink all four destroyers fired torpedoes at the ship defenseless. At 4:55 "Akagi" disappeared in the waves of the Pacific Ocean. At the time of immersion inside the ship heard explosions. Officially, the aircraft carrier was struck from the Naval September 25, 1942. A total of 1630 members of the crew "Akagi" dead and 221 missing people.

    aircraft carrier Akagi





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